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The perception of work stressors is related to reduced parasympathetic activity

Els Clays UGent, Dirk De Bacquer UGent, Vincent Crasset, France Kittel, Patrick de Smet, Marcel Kornitzer, Robert Karasek and Gui De Backer UGent (2011) INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. 84(2). p.185-191
abstract
The aim was to examine the perception of work stressors in relation to ambulatory measures of heart rate variability (HRV). Results are based on a sample of 653 healthy male workers aged 40-55 from the Belgian Physical Fitness Study conducted in 1976-1978. Data were collected by means of self-administered questionnaires and bio-clinical examinations. An index of physical and psychosocial work stressors containing five items was constructed based on the job stress questionnaire. Data on HRV were collected by means of 24-h ambulatory ECG recordings on a working day. Both time and frequency domain measures of HRV were calculated. Associations between work stressors and HRV measures were assessed by means of correlations, multiple linear regression analysis and analysis of (co)variance. The work stressor index was significantly associated with lower pNN50 (the percentage of differences between adjacent normal RR intervals > 50 ms), lower high frequency power and a higher ratio of low frequency over high frequency power. Very similar results were obtained after adjusting for age, language, occupation, smoking, body mass index, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and leisure time physical activity. No significant associations were found with SDNN (the standard deviation of all normal RR intervals) and low frequency power. The perception of work stressors was related to reduced parasympathetic activity in a sample of 653 healthy male workers. These findings support the idea that particularly the parasympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system is related to work stress.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Stress, Work, Coronary heart disease, Heart rate variability, HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE RISK, AMBULATORY BLOOD-PRESSURE, BELGIAN PHYSICAL-FITNESS, JOB-STRESS, AUTONOMIC FUNCTION, STRAIN, MORTALITY, COHORT, ASSOCIATION
journal title
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Int. Arch. Occup. Health
volume
84
issue
2
pages
185 - 191
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000286195000009
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
1.889 (2011)
JCR rank
64/156 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0340-0131
DOI
10.1007/s00420-010-0537-z
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
975738
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-975738
date created
2010-06-09 15:49:28
date last changed
2011-02-21 13:14:42
@article{975738,
  abstract     = {The aim was to examine the perception of work stressors in relation to ambulatory measures of heart rate variability (HRV).
Results are based on a sample of 653 healthy male workers aged 40-55 from the Belgian Physical Fitness Study conducted in 1976-1978. Data were collected by means of self-administered questionnaires and bio-clinical examinations. An index of physical and psychosocial work stressors containing five items was constructed based on the job stress questionnaire. Data on HRV were collected by means of 24-h ambulatory ECG recordings on a working day. Both time and frequency domain measures of HRV were calculated. Associations between work stressors and HRV measures were assessed by means of correlations, multiple linear regression analysis and analysis of (co)variance.
The work stressor index was significantly associated with lower pNN50 (the percentage of differences between adjacent normal RR intervals {\textrangle} 50 ms), lower high frequency power and a higher ratio of low frequency over high frequency power. Very similar results were obtained after adjusting for age, language, occupation, smoking, body mass index, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and leisure time physical activity. No significant associations were found with SDNN (the standard deviation of all normal RR intervals) and low frequency power.
The perception of work stressors was related to reduced parasympathetic activity in a sample of 653 healthy male workers. These findings support the idea that particularly the parasympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system is related to work stress.},
  author       = {Clays, Els and De Bacquer, Dirk and Crasset, Vincent and Kittel, France  and de Smet, Patrick and Kornitzer, Marcel and Karasek, Robert and De Backer, Gui},
  issn         = {0340-0131},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH},
  keyword      = {Stress,Work,Coronary heart disease,Heart rate variability,HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE RISK,AMBULATORY BLOOD-PRESSURE,BELGIAN PHYSICAL-FITNESS,JOB-STRESS,AUTONOMIC FUNCTION,STRAIN,MORTALITY,COHORT,ASSOCIATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {185--191},
  title        = {The perception of work stressors is related to reduced parasympathetic activity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-010-0537-z},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Clays, Els, Dirk De Bacquer, Vincent Crasset, France Kittel, Patrick de Smet, Marcel Kornitzer, Robert Karasek, and Gui De Backer. 2011. “The Perception of Work Stressors Is Related to Reduced Parasympathetic Activity.” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 84 (2): 185–191.
APA
Clays, E., De Bacquer, D., Crasset, V., Kittel, F., de Smet, P., Kornitzer, M., Karasek, R., et al. (2011). The perception of work stressors is related to reduced parasympathetic activity. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 84(2), 185–191.
Vancouver
1.
Clays E, De Bacquer D, Crasset V, Kittel F, de Smet P, Kornitzer M, et al. The perception of work stressors is related to reduced parasympathetic activity. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. 2011;84(2):185–91.
MLA
Clays, Els, Dirk De Bacquer, Vincent Crasset, et al. “The Perception of Work Stressors Is Related to Reduced Parasympathetic Activity.” INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 84.2 (2011): 185–191. Print.