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Fundamental ion cyclotron resonance heating of JET deuterium plasmas

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Abstract
Radio frequency heating of majority ions is of prime importance for understanding the basic role of auxiliary heating in the activated D-T phase of ITER. Majority deuterium ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) experiments at the fundamental cyclotron frequency were performed in JET. In spite of the poor antenna coupling at 25 MHz, this heating scheme proved promising when adopted in combination with D neutral beam injection (NBI). The effect of fundamental ICRH of a D population was clearly demonstrated in these experiments: by adding similar to 25% of heating power the fusion power was increased up to 30-50%, depending on the type of NBI adopted. At this power level, the ion and electron temperatures increased from T-i similar to 4.0 keV and T-e similar to 4.5 keV (NBI-only phase) to T-i similar to 5.5 keV and T-e similar to 5.2 keV (ICRH + NBI phase), respectively. The increase in the neutron yield was stronger when 80 keV rather than 130 keV deuterons were injected in the plasma. It is shown that the neutron rate, the diamagnetic energy and the electron as well as the ion temperature scale roughly linearly with the applied RF power. A synergistic effect of the combined use of ICRF and NBI heating was observed: (i) the number of neutron counts measured by the neutron camera during the combined ICRF + NBI phases of the discharges exceeded the sum of the individual counts of the NBI-only and ICRF-only phases; (ii) a substantial increase in the number of slowing-down beam ions was detected by the time of flight neutron spectrometer when ICRF power was switched on; (iii) a small D subpopulation with energies slightly above the NBI launch energy was detected by the neutral particle analyzer and gamma-ray spectroscopy.
Keywords
heating, plasma physics, nuclear fusion, NEUTRON EMISSION, TOKAMAK, WAVES

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Chicago
Krasilnikov, AV, D Van Eester, E Lerche, J Ongena, VN Amosov, T Biewer, G Bonheure, et al. 2009. “Fundamental Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating of JET Deuterium Plasmas.” Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 51 (4).
APA
Krasilnikov, AV, Van Eester, D., Lerche, E., Ongena, J., Amosov, V., Biewer, T., Bonheure, G., et al. (2009). Fundamental ion cyclotron resonance heating of JET deuterium plasmas. PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION, 51(4).
Vancouver
1.
Krasilnikov A, Van Eester D, Lerche E, Ongena J, Amosov V, Biewer T, et al. Fundamental ion cyclotron resonance heating of JET deuterium plasmas. PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION. 2009;51(4).
MLA
Krasilnikov, AV et al. “Fundamental Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating of JET Deuterium Plasmas.” PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION 51.4 (2009): n. pag. Print.
@article{971307,
  abstract     = {Radio frequency heating of majority ions is of prime importance for understanding the basic role of auxiliary heating in the activated D-T phase of ITER. Majority deuterium ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) experiments at the fundamental cyclotron frequency were performed in JET. In spite of the poor antenna coupling at 25 MHz, this heating scheme proved promising when adopted in combination with D neutral beam injection (NBI). The effect of fundamental ICRH of a D population was clearly demonstrated in these experiments: by adding similar to 25% of heating power the fusion power was increased up to 30-50%, depending on the type of NBI adopted. At this power level, the ion and electron temperatures increased from T-i similar to 4.0 keV and T-e similar to 4.5 keV (NBI-only phase) to T-i similar to 5.5 keV and T-e similar to 5.2 keV (ICRH + NBI phase), respectively. The increase in the neutron yield was stronger when 80 keV rather than 130 keV deuterons were injected in the plasma. It is shown that the neutron rate, the diamagnetic energy and the electron as well as the ion temperature scale roughly linearly with the applied RF power. A synergistic effect of the combined use of ICRF and NBI heating was observed: (i) the number of neutron counts measured by the neutron camera during the combined ICRF + NBI phases of the discharges exceeded the sum of the individual counts of the NBI-only and ICRF-only phases; (ii) a substantial increase in the number of slowing-down beam ions was detected by the time of flight neutron spectrometer when ICRF power was switched on; (iii) a small D subpopulation with energies slightly above the NBI launch energy was detected by the neutral particle analyzer and gamma-ray spectroscopy.},
  author       = {Krasilnikov, AV and Van Eester, D and Lerche, E and Ongena, J and Amosov, VN and Biewer, T and Bonheure, G and Crombé, Kristel and Ericsson, G and Eposito , B and Giacomelli, L and Hellesen, C and Hjalmarsson, A and Jachmich, S and Kallne, J and Kaschuck, YuA and Kiptily , V and Leggate, H and Mailloux, J and Marocco, D and Mayoral, M-L and Popovichev, S and Riva, M and Santala, M and Stamp, M and Vdovin, V and Walden, A},
  issn         = {0741-3335},
  journal      = {PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION},
  keywords     = {heating,plasma physics,nuclear fusion,NEUTRON EMISSION,TOKAMAK,WAVES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  title        = {Fundamental ion cyclotron resonance heating of JET deuterium plasmas},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/51/4/044005},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2009},
}

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