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Rotor position estimation of switched reluctance motors based on damped voltage resonance

Kristof Geldhof (UGent) , Alex Van den Bossche (UGent) and Jan Melkebeek (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper proposes a method to obtain the rotor position of switched reluctance motors by means of voltage measurements. It is shown that the combination of motor and power-electronic converter defines a resonant circuit, comprised by the motor phase inductances and the parasitic capacitance of converter switches, power cables and motor phase windings. For salient machines in general, the associated resonance frequency of the circuit depends on the rotor position. In the position estimation method, an initial voltage distribution is imposed over the impedances of the resonance circuit, after which the circuit is let to oscillate freely. During this phase of free oscillation, the induced voltage over a phase winding exhibits a damped oscillatory behaviour, from which position information can be retrieved. An overview is given of different possibilities to trigger the voltage resonance. It is shown that the proposed position estimation method has favourable characteristics such as measurement of large-amplitude voltages, robustness against temperature deviations of motor and power semiconductors, very high update rates for the estimated position and absence of sound and disturbance torque. Experimental results are given for a sensorless commutation scheme of a switched reluctance motor under small load.
Keywords
DRIVES, SENSORLESS CONTROL, Position estimation, resonance, test pulse, switched reluctance motor (SRM)

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Geldhof, Kristof, Alex Van den Bossche, and Jan Melkebeek. 2010. “Rotor Position Estimation of Switched Reluctance Motors Based on Damped Voltage Resonance.” Ieee Transactions on Industrial Electronics 57 (9): 2954–2960.
APA
Geldhof, K., Van den Bossche, A., & Melkebeek, J. (2010). Rotor position estimation of switched reluctance motors based on damped voltage resonance. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, 57(9), 2954–2960.
Vancouver
1.
Geldhof K, Van den Bossche A, Melkebeek J. Rotor position estimation of switched reluctance motors based on damped voltage resonance. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS. 2010;57(9):2954–60.
MLA
Geldhof, Kristof, Alex Van den Bossche, and Jan Melkebeek. “Rotor Position Estimation of Switched Reluctance Motors Based on Damped Voltage Resonance.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS 57.9 (2010): 2954–2960. Print.
@article{971301,
  abstract     = {This paper proposes a method to obtain the rotor position of switched reluctance motors by means of voltage measurements. It is shown that the combination of motor and power-electronic converter defines a resonant circuit, comprised by the motor phase inductances and the parasitic capacitance of converter switches, power cables and motor phase windings. For salient machines in general, the associated resonance frequency of the circuit depends on the rotor position. In the position estimation method, an initial voltage distribution is imposed over the impedances of the resonance circuit, after which the circuit is let to oscillate freely. During this phase of free oscillation, the induced voltage over a phase winding exhibits a damped oscillatory behaviour, from which position information can be retrieved. An overview is given of different possibilities to trigger the voltage resonance. It is shown that the proposed position estimation method has favourable characteristics such as measurement of large-amplitude voltages, robustness against temperature deviations of motor and power semiconductors, very high update rates for the estimated position and absence of sound and disturbance torque. Experimental results are given for a sensorless commutation scheme of a switched reluctance motor under small load.},
  author       = {Geldhof, Kristof and Van den Bossche, Alex and Melkebeek, Jan},
  issn         = {0278-0046},
  journal      = {IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS},
  keywords     = {DRIVES,SENSORLESS CONTROL,Position estimation,resonance,test pulse,switched reluctance motor (SRM)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {2954--2960},
  title        = {Rotor position estimation of switched reluctance motors based on damped voltage resonance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2038399},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2010},
}

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