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The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires

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Abstract
The severity of bias in respondents' self-reports due to acquiescence response style (ARS) and extreme response style (ERS) depends strongly on how consistent these response styles are over the course of a questionnaire. In the literature, different alternative hypotheses on response style (in) consistency circulate. Therefore, nine alternative models are derived and fitted to secondary and primary data. It is found that response styles are best modeled as a tau-equivalent factor complemented with a time-invariant autoregressive effect. This means that ARS and ERS are largely but not completely consistent over the course of a questionnaire, a finding that has important implications for response style measurement and correction.
Keywords
SCALES, VARIABLES, COUNTRIES, COMPONENTS, BIAS, MODEL, RATINGS, SETS

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Chicago
Weijters, Bert, Maggie Geuens, and Niels Schillewaert. 2010. “The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires.” Applied Psychological Measurement 34 (2): 105–121.
APA
Weijters, B., Geuens, M., & Schillewaert, N. (2010). The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires. APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT, 34(2), 105–121.
Vancouver
1.
Weijters B, Geuens M, Schillewaert N. The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires. APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. THOUSAND OAKS: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC; 2010;34(2):105–21.
MLA
Weijters, Bert, Maggie Geuens, and Niels Schillewaert. “The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires.” APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT 34.2 (2010): 105–121. Print.
@article{967231,
  abstract     = {The severity of bias in respondents' self-reports due to acquiescence response style (ARS) and extreme response style (ERS) depends strongly on how consistent these response styles are over the course of a questionnaire. In the literature, different alternative hypotheses on response style (in) consistency circulate. Therefore, nine alternative models are derived and fitted to secondary and primary data. It is found that response styles are best modeled as a tau-equivalent factor complemented with a time-invariant autoregressive effect. This means that ARS and ERS are largely but not completely consistent over the course of a questionnaire, a finding that has important implications for response style measurement and correction.},
  author       = {Weijters, Bert and Geuens, Maggie and Schillewaert, Niels},
  issn         = {0146-6216},
  journal      = {APPLIED PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT},
  keyword      = {SCALES,VARIABLES,COUNTRIES,COMPONENTS,BIAS,MODEL,RATINGS,SETS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {105--121},
  publisher    = {SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC},
  title        = {The Individual Consistency of Acquiescence and Extreme Response Style in Self-Report Questionnaires},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146621609338593},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2010},
}

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