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The role of structure in age-related increases in visuo-spatial working memory span

Ineke Imbo (UGent) , Arnaud Szmalec (UGent) and André Vandierendonck (UGent)
(2009) Psychologica Belgica. 49. p.275-291
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Abstract
There is an important debate in the literature about the possible causes of developmental increases in working-memory span scores. In the present study, we tested the role of structure in relation to the age-related increases in visuo-spatial span performance. To that end, children and adults between nine and nineteen years old conducted structured and unstructured versions of the Corsi blocks task. All age groups performed better on structured than on unstructured paths, which indicates that working-memory control processes recruit resources such as long-term memory knowledge in performing the visuo-spatial span task. Interestingly, older participants benefited more from the presented structure than did younger participants, indicating that the structured presentation of sequence paths enhances the development of visuo-spatial span performance. Additional analyses showed that the effect of structure was not attributable to other path characteristics such as the path length or the number of path crossings. Implications of the present findings for views on the development of visuo-spatial working memory are discussed.
Keywords
span, development, visuo-spatial sketch pad, Corsi blocks task, working memory, structure

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Imbo, Ineke, et al. “The Role of Structure in Age-Related Increases in Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Span.” Psychologica Belgica, edited by Etienne Quertemont, vol. 49, Academia Press, 2009, pp. 275–91.
APA
Imbo, I., Szmalec, A., & Vandierendonck, A. (2009). The role of structure in age-related increases in visuo-spatial working memory span. Psychologica Belgica, 49, 275–291.
Chicago author-date
Imbo, Ineke, Arnaud Szmalec, and André Vandierendonck. 2009. “The Role of Structure in Age-Related Increases in Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Span.” Edited by Etienne Quertemont. Psychologica Belgica 49: 275–91.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Imbo, Ineke, Arnaud Szmalec, and André Vandierendonck. 2009. “The Role of Structure in Age-Related Increases in Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Span.” Ed by. Etienne Quertemont. Psychologica Belgica 49: 275–291.
Vancouver
1.
Imbo I, Szmalec A, Vandierendonck A. The role of structure in age-related increases in visuo-spatial working memory span. Quertemont E, editor. Psychologica Belgica. 2009;49:275–91.
IEEE
[1]
I. Imbo, A. Szmalec, and A. Vandierendonck, “The role of structure in age-related increases in visuo-spatial working memory span,” Psychologica Belgica, vol. 49, pp. 275–291, 2009.
@article{956167,
  abstract     = {{There is an important debate in the literature about the possible causes of developmental increases in working-memory span scores. In the present study, we tested the role of structure in relation to the age-related increases in visuo-spatial span performance. To that end, children and adults between nine and nineteen years old conducted structured and unstructured versions of the Corsi blocks task. All age groups performed better on structured than on unstructured paths, which indicates that working-memory control processes recruit resources such as long-term memory knowledge in performing the visuo-spatial span task. Interestingly, older participants benefited more from the presented structure than did younger participants, indicating that the structured presentation of sequence paths enhances the development of visuo-spatial span performance. Additional analyses showed that the effect of structure was not attributable to other path characteristics such as the path length or the number of path crossings. Implications of the present findings for views on the development of visuo-spatial working memory are discussed.}},
  author       = {{Imbo, Ineke and Szmalec, Arnaud and Vandierendonck, André}},
  editor       = {{Quertemont, Etienne}},
  issn         = {{0033-2879}},
  journal      = {{Psychologica Belgica}},
  keywords     = {{span,development,visuo-spatial sketch pad,Corsi blocks task,working memory,structure}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{275--291}},
  publisher    = {{Academia Press}},
  title        = {{The role of structure in age-related increases in visuo-spatial working memory span}},
  volume       = {{49}},
  year         = {{2009}},
}

Web of Science
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