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The European carbon balance: part 3: forests

Sebsatiaan Luyssaert, Philippe Ciais, SL Piao, E-D Schulze, M Jung, S Zaehle, MJ Schelhaas, M Reichstein, G Churkina and D Papale, et al. (2010) GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY. 16(5). p.1429-1450
abstract
We present a new synthesis, based on a suite of complementary approaches, of the primary production and carbon sink in forests of the 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) during 1990-2005. Upscaled terrestrial observations and model-based approaches agree within 25% on the mean net primary production (NPP) of forests, i.e. 520 +/- 75 g C m-2 yr-1 over a forest area of 1.32 x 106 km2 to 1.55 x 106 km2 (EU-25). New estimates of the mean long-term carbon forest sink (net biome production, NBP) of EU-25 forests amounts 75 +/- 20 g C m-2 yr-1. The ratio of NBP to NPP is 0.15 +/- 0.05. Estimates of the fate of the carbon inputs via NPP in wood harvests, forest fires, losses to lakes and rivers and heterotrophic respiration remain uncertain, which explains the considerable uncertainty of NBP. Inventory-based assessments and assumptions suggest that 29 +/- 15% of the NBP (i.e., 22 g C m-2 yr-1) is sequestered in the forest soil, but large uncertainty remains concerning the drivers and future of the soil organic carbon. The remaining 71 +/- 15% of the NBP (i.e., 53 g C m-2 yr-1) is realized as woody biomass increments. In the EU-25, the relatively large forest NBP is thought to be the result of a sustained difference between NPP, which increased during the past decades, and carbon losses primarily by harvest and heterotrophic respiration, which increased less over the same period.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
REDUCES SOIL RESPIRATION, DISSOLVED ORGANIC-CARBON, NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST, OLD-GROWTH FORESTS, CLIMATE-CHANGE, NITROGEN ADDITIONS, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, TEMPERATE FORESTS, GLOBAL DATABASE, WIDE REDUCTION, covariance, ecosystem models, eddy, EU-25, forest inventories, greenhouse gas balance
journal title
GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
Glob. Change Biol.
volume
16
issue
5
pages
1429 - 1450
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000276696100003
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
6.346 (2010)
JCR rank
3/192 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
1354-1013
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02056.x
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
931572
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-931572
date created
2010-04-20 09:53:47
date last changed
2011-07-12 11:58:25
@article{931572,
  abstract     = {We present a new synthesis, based on a suite of complementary approaches, of the primary production and carbon sink in forests of the 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) during 1990-2005. Upscaled terrestrial observations and model-based approaches agree within 25\% on the mean net primary production (NPP) of forests, i.e. 520 +/- 75 g C m-2 yr-1 over a forest area of 1.32 x 106 km2 to 1.55 x 106 km2 (EU-25). New estimates of the mean long-term carbon forest sink (net biome production, NBP) of EU-25 forests amounts 75 +/- 20 g C m-2 yr-1. The ratio of NBP to NPP is 0.15 +/- 0.05. Estimates of the fate of the carbon inputs via NPP in wood harvests, forest fires, losses to lakes and rivers and heterotrophic respiration remain uncertain, which explains the considerable uncertainty of NBP. Inventory-based assessments and assumptions suggest that 29 +/- 15\% of the NBP (i.e., 22 g C m-2 yr-1) is sequestered in the forest soil, but large uncertainty remains concerning the drivers and future of the soil organic carbon. The remaining 71 +/- 15\% of the NBP (i.e., 53 g C m-2 yr-1) is realized as woody biomass increments. In the EU-25, the relatively large forest NBP is thought to be the result of a sustained difference between NPP, which increased during the past decades, and carbon losses primarily by harvest and heterotrophic respiration, which increased less over the same period.},
  author       = {Luyssaert, Sebsatiaan  and Ciais, Philippe and Piao, SL and Schulze, E-D and Jung, M and Zaehle, S and Schelhaas, MJ and Reichstein, M and Churkina, G and Papale, D and Abril, G and Beer, C and Grace, J and Loustau, D and Matteucci, G and Magnani, F and Nabuurs, GJ and Verbeeck, Hans and Sulkava, M and van der Werf, GR and Janssens, Ivan A},
  issn         = {1354-1013},
  journal      = {GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {REDUCES SOIL RESPIRATION,DISSOLVED ORGANIC-CARBON,NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST,OLD-GROWTH FORESTS,CLIMATE-CHANGE,NITROGEN ADDITIONS,TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS,TEMPERATE FORESTS,GLOBAL DATABASE,WIDE REDUCTION,covariance,ecosystem models,eddy,EU-25,forest inventories,greenhouse gas balance},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1429--1450},
  title        = {The European carbon balance: part 3: forests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02056.x},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Luyssaert, Sebsatiaan , Philippe Ciais, SL Piao, E-D Schulze, M Jung, S Zaehle, MJ Schelhaas, et al. 2010. “The European Carbon Balance: Part 3: Forests.” Global Change Biology 16 (5): 1429–1450.
APA
Luyssaert, Sebsatiaan , Ciais, P., Piao, S., Schulze, E.-D., Jung, M., Zaehle, S., Schelhaas, M., et al. (2010). The European carbon balance: part 3: forests. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 16(5), 1429–1450.
Vancouver
1.
Luyssaert S, Ciais P, Piao S, Schulze E-D, Jung M, Zaehle S, et al. The European carbon balance: part 3: forests. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY. 2010;16(5):1429–50.
MLA
Luyssaert, Sebsatiaan , Philippe Ciais, SL Piao, et al. “The European Carbon Balance: Part 3: Forests.” GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 16.5 (2010): 1429–1450. Print.