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The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I

Viren Swami, David A Frederick, Toivo Aavik, Lidia Alcalay, Jueri Allik, Donna Anderson, Sonny Andrianto, Arvind Arora, Ake Brannstrom, John Cunningham, et al. (2010) PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. 36(3). p.309-325
abstract
This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites. Within cultures, heavier bodies were preferred in low-SES sites compared to high-SES sites in Malaysia and South Africa (ds = 1.94-2.49) but not in Austria. Participant age, body mass index (BMI), and Western media exposure predicted body weight ideals. BMI and Western media exposure predicted body dissatisfaction among women. Our results show that body dissatisfaction and desire for thinness is commonplace in high-SES settings across world regions, highlighting the need for international attention to this problem.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
FIGURE PREFERENCES, CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES, SELF-OBJECTIFICATION, SEX-DIFFERENCES, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, body weight, body dissatisfaction, cross-cultural, socioeconomic differences, attractiveness, International Body Project, WOMENS PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS, TO-HIP RATIO, ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, IMAGE ASSESSMENT
journal title
PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN
Pers. Soc. Psychol. Bull.
volume
36
issue
3
pages
17 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000274848000003
JCR category
PHYSIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.646 (2010)
JCR rank
52/77 (2010)
JCR quartile
3 (2010)
ISSN
0862-8408
DOI
10.1177/0146167209359702
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
926270
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-926270
date created
2010-04-15 14:39:30
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:25
@article{926270,
  abstract     = {This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites. Within cultures, heavier bodies were preferred in low-SES sites compared to high-SES sites in Malaysia and South Africa (ds = 1.94-2.49) but not in Austria. Participant age, body mass index (BMI), and Western media exposure predicted body weight ideals. BMI and Western media exposure predicted body dissatisfaction among women. Our results show that body dissatisfaction and desire for thinness is commonplace in high-SES settings across world regions, highlighting the need for international attention to this problem.},
  author       = {Swami, Viren and Frederick, David A and Aavik, Toivo and Alcalay, Lidia and Allik, Jueri and Anderson, Donna and Andrianto, Sonny and Arora, Arvind and Brannstrom, Ake and Cunningham, John and Danel, Dariusz and Doroszewicz, Krystyna and Forbes, Gordon B and Furnham, Adrian and Greven, Corina U and Halberstadt, Jamin and Hao, Shuang and Haubner, Tanja and Hwang, Choon Sup and Inman, Mary and Jaafar, Jas Laile and Johansson, Jacob and Jung, Jaehee and Keser, Askin and Kretzschmar, Uta and Lachenicht, Lance and Li, Norman P and Locke, Kenneth and Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik and Lopez, Christy and Loutzenhiser, Lynn and Maisel, Natalya C and McCabe, Marita P and McCreary, Donald R and McKibbin, William F and Mussap, Alex and Neto, Felix and Nowell, Carly and Alampay, Liane Pena and Pillai, Subash K and Pokrajac-Bulian, Alessandra and Proyer, Rene T and Quintelier, Katinka and Ricciardelli, Lina A and Rozmus-Wrzesinska, Malgrozata and Ruch, Willibald and Russo, Timothy and Schutz, Astrid and Shackelford, Todd K and Shashidharan, Sheeba and Simonetti, Franco and Sinniah, Dhachayani and Swami, Mira and Vandermassen, Griet and van Duynslaeger, Marijke and Verkasalo, Markku and Voracek, Martin and Yee, Curtis K and Zhang, Echo Xian and Zhang, XiaoYing and Zivcic-Becirevic, Ivanka},
  issn         = {0862-8408},
  journal      = {PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN},
  keyword      = {FIGURE PREFERENCES,CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES,SELF-OBJECTIFICATION,SEX-DIFFERENCES,COLLEGE-STUDENTS,body weight,body dissatisfaction,cross-cultural,socioeconomic differences,attractiveness,International Body Project,WOMENS PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS,TO-HIP RATIO,ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,IMAGE ASSESSMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {309--325},
  title        = {The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167209359702},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Swami, Viren, David A Frederick, Toivo Aavik, Lidia Alcalay, Jueri Allik, Donna Anderson, Sonny Andrianto, et al. 2010. “The Attractive Female Body Weight and Female Body Dissatisfaction in 26 Countries Across 10 World Regions: Results of the International Body Project I.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36 (3): 309–325.
APA
Swami, V., Frederick, D. A., Aavik, T., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Anderson, D., Andrianto, S., et al. (2010). The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 36(3), 309–325.
Vancouver
1.
Swami V, Frederick DA, Aavik T, Alcalay L, Allik J, Anderson D, et al. The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. 2010;36(3):309–25.
MLA
Swami, Viren, David A Frederick, Toivo Aavik, et al. “The Attractive Female Body Weight and Female Body Dissatisfaction in 26 Countries Across 10 World Regions: Results of the International Body Project I.” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 36.3 (2010): 309–325. Print.