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Divided loyalties: Angevin partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the aftermath of the war of the Spanish succession

Klaas Van Gelder UGent (2010) DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES. 34(1). p.59-76
abstract
This article explores the different political groups and loyalties existing in the Southern Netherlands after the War of the Spanish Succession. During the war, as in the other regions of the Spanish empire, groups of adherents of the two pretenders to the Spanish throne Philip of Anjou (Philip V of Spain) and archduke Charles (emperor Charles VI of Austria) emerged. Because these claimants did not settle their differences until 1725, the issue of divided loyalties continued to be current until then. I describe these groups, the multiple reasons underlying their opting for one of the two pretenders and the attitude the emperor adopted towards opponents of his government. This attitude turns out to be somehow ambiguous: adversaries were forced to emigrate and their properties confiscated, but at the same time the emperor adopted a pragmatic position, trying to bind the elites to his person as much as possible, even those who had shown an attachment to other regimes before. I argue that this situation can be explained by the fact the new Austrian regime needed the cooperation of these elites. In my opinion, the issue of divided loyalties was caused by the multiple changes of sovereignty within two decades, consequently weakening the bonds of loyalty. Because of the uncertainty many inhabitants of the Southern Netherlands were forced to choose sides. In this choice personal interests often prevailed over political convictions.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
War of the Spanish Succession, Loyalty, Emperor Charles VI, Southern Netherlands, Philip of Anjou, Austrian government
journal title
DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES
Dutch Cross.
editor
Esther Mijers
volume
34
issue
1
issue title
Early modern Dutch history
pages
59 - 76
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000281805300005
ISSN
0309-6564
DOI
10.1179/030965610X12634710163187
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
901470
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-901470
date created
2010-03-11 10:42:28
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:23:32
@article{901470,
  abstract     = {This article explores the different political groups and loyalties existing in the Southern Netherlands after the War of the Spanish Succession. During the war, as in the other regions of the Spanish empire, groups of adherents of the two pretenders to the Spanish throne Philip of Anjou (Philip V of Spain) and archduke Charles (emperor Charles VI of Austria) emerged. Because these claimants did not settle their differences until 1725, the issue of divided loyalties continued to be current until then. I describe these groups, the multiple reasons underlying their opting for one of the two pretenders and the attitude the emperor adopted towards opponents of his government. This attitude turns out to be somehow ambiguous: adversaries were forced to emigrate and their properties confiscated, but at the same time the emperor adopted a pragmatic position, trying to bind the elites to his person as much as possible, even those who had shown an attachment to other regimes before. I argue that this situation can be explained by the fact the new Austrian regime needed the cooperation of these elites. In my opinion, the issue of divided loyalties was caused by the multiple changes of sovereignty within two decades, consequently weakening the bonds of loyalty. Because of the uncertainty many inhabitants of the Southern Netherlands were forced to choose sides. In this choice personal interests often prevailed over political convictions.},
  author       = {Van Gelder, Klaas},
  editor       = {Mijers, Esther},
  issn         = {0309-6564},
  journal      = {DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES},
  keyword      = {War of the Spanish Succession,Loyalty,Emperor Charles VI,Southern Netherlands,Philip of Anjou,Austrian government},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {59--76},
  title        = {Divided loyalties: Angevin partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the aftermath of the war of the Spanish succession},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/030965610X12634710163187},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Van Gelder, Klaas. 2010. “Divided Loyalties: Angevin Partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the Aftermath of the War of the Spanish Succession.” Ed. Esther Mijers. Dutch Crossing-journal of Low Countries Studies 34 (1): 59–76.
APA
Van Gelder, Klaas. (2010). Divided loyalties: Angevin partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the aftermath of the war of the Spanish succession. (E. Mijers, Ed.)DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES, 34(1), 59–76.
Vancouver
1.
Van Gelder K. Divided loyalties: Angevin partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the aftermath of the war of the Spanish succession. Mijers E, editor. DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES. 2010;34(1):59–76.
MLA
Van Gelder, Klaas. “Divided Loyalties: Angevin Partisans in the Southern Netherlands in the Aftermath of the War of the Spanish Succession.” Ed. Esther Mijers. DUTCH CROSSING-JOURNAL OF LOW COUNTRIES STUDIES 34.1 (2010): 59–76. Print.