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Kepler's Optics without hypotheses

Sven Dupr (UGent)
(2012) SYNTHESE. 185(3). p.501-525
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Abstract
This paper argues that Kepler considered his work in optics as part of natural philosophy and that, consequently, he aimed at change within natural philosophy. Back-to-back with John Schuster's claim that Descartes' optics should be considered as a natural philosophical appropriation of innovative results in the tradition of practical and mixed mathematics the central claim of my paper is that Kepler's theory of optical imagery, developed in his Paralipomena ad Vitellionem (1604), was the result of a move similar to Descartes' by Kepler. My argument consists of three parts. First, Kepler borrowed a geometrical model and experiment of optical imagery from the m,lange of mixed and practical mathematics provided in the works of the sixteenth-century mathematicians Ettore Ausonio and Giovanni Battista Della Porta. Second, Kepler criticized the Aristotelian theory of light and he developed his own alternative metaphysics. Third, Kepler used his natural philosophical assumptions about the nature of light to re-interpret the model of image formation taken from Della Porta's work. Taken together, I portray Kepler's theory of optical imagery as a natural philosophical appropriation of an innovative model of image formation developed in a sixteenth-century practical and mixed mathematical tradition which was not interested in questioning philosophical assumptions on the nature of light.
Keywords
Seventeenth century, Image theory, Practical mathematics, Natural philosophy, Kepler, SCIENCES

Citation

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MLA
Dupr, Sven. “Kepler’s Optics Without Hypotheses.” SYNTHESE 185.3 (2012): 501–525. Print.
APA
Dupr, S. (2012). Kepler’s Optics without hypotheses. SYNTHESE, 185(3), 501–525.
Chicago author-date
Dupr, Sven. 2012. “Kepler’s Optics Without Hypotheses.” Synthese 185 (3): 501–525.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dupr, Sven. 2012. “Kepler’s Optics Without Hypotheses.” Synthese 185 (3): 501–525.
Vancouver
1.
Dupr S. Kepler’s Optics without hypotheses. SYNTHESE. 2012;185(3):501–25.
IEEE
[1]
S. Dupr, “Kepler’s Optics without hypotheses,” SYNTHESE, vol. 185, no. 3, pp. 501–525, 2012.
@article{889740,
  abstract     = {This paper argues that Kepler considered his work in optics as part of natural philosophy and that, consequently, he aimed at change within natural philosophy. Back-to-back with John Schuster's claim that Descartes' optics should be considered as a natural philosophical appropriation of innovative results in the tradition of practical and mixed mathematics the central claim of my paper is that Kepler's theory of optical imagery, developed in his Paralipomena ad Vitellionem (1604), was the result of a move similar to Descartes' by Kepler. My argument consists of three parts. First, Kepler borrowed a geometrical model and experiment of optical imagery from the m,lange of mixed and practical mathematics provided in the works of the sixteenth-century mathematicians Ettore Ausonio and Giovanni Battista Della Porta. Second, Kepler criticized the Aristotelian theory of light and he developed his own alternative metaphysics. Third, Kepler used his natural philosophical assumptions about the nature of light to re-interpret the model of image formation taken from Della Porta's work. Taken together, I portray Kepler's theory of optical imagery as a natural philosophical appropriation of an innovative model of image formation developed in a sixteenth-century practical and mixed mathematical tradition which was not interested in questioning philosophical assumptions on the nature of light.},
  author       = {Dupr, Sven},
  issn         = {0039-7857},
  journal      = {SYNTHESE},
  keywords     = {Seventeenth century,Image theory,Practical mathematics,Natural philosophy,Kepler,SCIENCES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {501--525},
  title        = {Kepler's Optics without hypotheses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11229-011-9977-6},
  volume       = {185},
  year         = {2012},
}

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