Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Having a goal to stop action is associated with advance control of specific motor representations

Mike Claffey, Sara Sheldon, Cathy Stinear, Frederick Verbruggen UGent and Adam Aron (2010) NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. 48(2). p.541-548
abstract
An important aspect of cognitive control consists in the ability to stop oneself from making inappropriate responses. In an earlier study we demonstrated that there are different mechanisms for stopping: global and selective (Aron AR and Verbruggen F, Stop the presses: dissociating a selective from a global mechanism for stopping. Psychol Sci. 2008 Nov;19(11):1146-53). We argued that participants are more likely to use a global mechanism when speed is of the essence, whereas they are more likely to use a selective mechanism when they have foreknowledge of which response tendency they may need to stop. Here we further investigate the relationship between foreknowledge and selective stopping. In Experiment 1 we adapted the earlier design to show that individual differences in recall accuracy for the stopping goal predict the selectivity of the stopping. This confirms that encoding and using a foreknowledge memory cue is a key enabler for a selective stopping mechanism. In Experiment 2, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), to test the hypothesis that foreknowledge “sets up” a control set whereby control is applied onto the response representation that may need to be stopped in the future. We applied TMS to the left motor cortex and measured motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right hand while participants performed a similar behavioral paradigm as Experiment 1. In the foreknowledge period, MEPs were significantly reduced for trials where the right hand was the one that might need to be stopped relative to when it was not. This shows that having a goal of what response may need to be stopped in the future consists in applying advance control onto a specific motor representation.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
HUMAN CORTICOSPINAL EXCITABILITY, TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION, RESPONSE-INHIBITION, SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, VOLITIONAL INHIBITION, SELECTIVE-INHIBITION, REACTION-TIME, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, ACTIVATION, ATTENTION
journal title
NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
Neuropsychologia
volume
48
issue
2
pages
8 pages
publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
place of publication
OXFORD
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000274371700021
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
3.949 (2010)
JCR rank
6/79 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
0028-3932
DOI
10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.10.015
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
884509
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-884509
date created
2010-02-28 17:05:55
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:22:58
@article{884509,
  abstract     = {An important aspect of cognitive control consists in the ability to stop oneself from making inappropriate responses. In an earlier study we demonstrated that there are different mechanisms for stopping: global and selective (Aron AR and Verbruggen F, Stop the presses: dissociating a selective from a global mechanism for stopping. Psychol Sci. 2008 Nov;19(11):1146-53). We argued that participants are more likely to use a global mechanism when speed is of the essence, whereas they are more likely to use a selective mechanism when they have foreknowledge of which response tendency they may need to stop. Here we further investigate the relationship between foreknowledge and selective stopping. In Experiment 1 we adapted the earlier design to show that individual differences in recall accuracy for the stopping goal predict the selectivity of the stopping. This confirms that encoding and using a foreknowledge memory cue is a key enabler for a selective stopping mechanism. In Experiment 2, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), to test the hypothesis that foreknowledge {\textquotedblleft}sets up{\textquotedblright} a control set whereby control is applied onto the response representation that may need to be stopped in the future. We applied TMS to the left motor cortex and measured motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right hand while participants performed a similar behavioral paradigm as Experiment 1. In the foreknowledge period, MEPs were significantly reduced for trials where the right hand was the one that might need to be stopped relative to when it was not. This shows that having a goal of what response may need to be stopped in the future consists in applying advance control onto a specific motor representation.},
  author       = {Claffey, Mike and Sheldon, Sara and Stinear, Cathy and Verbruggen, Frederick and Aron, Adam},
  issn         = {0028-3932},
  journal      = {NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA},
  keyword      = {HUMAN CORTICOSPINAL EXCITABILITY,TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION,RESPONSE-INHIBITION,SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS,VOLITIONAL INHIBITION,SELECTIVE-INHIBITION,REACTION-TIME,PARKINSONS-DISEASE,ACTIVATION,ATTENTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {541--548},
  publisher    = {PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD},
  title        = {Having a goal to stop action is associated with advance control of specific motor representations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.10.015},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Claffey, Mike, Sara Sheldon, Cathy Stinear, Frederick Verbruggen, and Adam Aron. 2010. “Having a Goal to Stop Action Is Associated with Advance Control of Specific Motor Representations.” Neuropsychologia 48 (2): 541–548.
APA
Claffey, M., Sheldon, S., Stinear, C., Verbruggen, F., & Aron, A. (2010). Having a goal to stop action is associated with advance control of specific motor representations. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, 48(2), 541–548.
Vancouver
1.
Claffey M, Sheldon S, Stinear C, Verbruggen F, Aron A. Having a goal to stop action is associated with advance control of specific motor representations. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. OXFORD: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD; 2010;48(2):541–8.
MLA
Claffey, Mike, Sara Sheldon, Cathy Stinear, et al. “Having a Goal to Stop Action Is Associated with Advance Control of Specific Motor Representations.” NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 48.2 (2010): 541–548. Print.