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Slope stability analysis method of unsaturated soil slopes considering pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration

Wenjing Tian (UGent) , Herman Peiffer (UGent) , Benny Malengier (UGent) , Song Xue and Zhongtian Chen (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
The variation of pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration is an important factor that leads to slope failures. The purpose of this study is to propose a new slope stability analysis method that considers pore gas pressure and examines the effect of airflow on slope stability by using a numerical method. A water-air two-phase flow analysis was conducted to investigate the distribution of pore air pressure, pore water pressure, and water saturation triggered by rainfall infiltration. Then the variation of the load resulting from pore gas pressure was incorporated into the slope stability analysis method based on the unsaturated soil shear strength theory and the residual thrust method to simulate the influence of airflow on the Tanjiahe landslide in China. In order to study the infiltration behavior with respect to initial saturation, water and gas flow analyses were performed considering various initial states of saturation under similar settings. Results showed that the pore gas pressure between the slope surface and the slip band clearly varied and that it decreased during the process from the slide bed to the deep direction. Then, the pore water pressure formed in the saturated zone was transferred by the airflow to the slope toe. As a result, because the pore gas pressure gradient increased the thrust of the slide mass, the safety factor decreased over time. Moreover, in the first step, the magnitude of infiltration decreased with an increase in initial saturation, while when the magnitude dropped to the minimum value, it then went up with an increase in initial saturation. The maximum value was usually reached at a saturation degree of 0% or 100%. When evaluating slope stability, the safety factor obtained by the slope stability analysis method that considered the water-gas coupling effect was much lower than when it was not considered during the process of a similar seepage. The impact on the slope failure was significant and may provide a practical reference for hazard assessments to control rainfall-induced landslides.
Keywords
Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes, Computer Science Applications, Process Chemistry and Technology, General Engineering, Instrumentation, General Materials Science

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MLA
Tian, Wenjing, et al. “Slope Stability Analysis Method of Unsaturated Soil Slopes Considering Pore Gas Pressure Caused by Rainfall Infiltration.” APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, vol. 12, no. 21, 2022, doi:10.3390/app122111060.
APA
Tian, W., Peiffer, H., Malengier, B., Xue, S., & Chen, Z. (2022). Slope stability analysis method of unsaturated soil slopes considering pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, 12(21). https://doi.org/10.3390/app122111060
Chicago author-date
Tian, Wenjing, Herman Peiffer, Benny Malengier, Song Xue, and Zhongtian Chen. 2022. “Slope Stability Analysis Method of Unsaturated Soil Slopes Considering Pore Gas Pressure Caused by Rainfall Infiltration.” APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL 12 (21). https://doi.org/10.3390/app122111060.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Tian, Wenjing, Herman Peiffer, Benny Malengier, Song Xue, and Zhongtian Chen. 2022. “Slope Stability Analysis Method of Unsaturated Soil Slopes Considering Pore Gas Pressure Caused by Rainfall Infiltration.” APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL 12 (21). doi:10.3390/app122111060.
Vancouver
1.
Tian W, Peiffer H, Malengier B, Xue S, Chen Z. Slope stability analysis method of unsaturated soil slopes considering pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL. 2022;12(21).
IEEE
[1]
W. Tian, H. Peiffer, B. Malengier, S. Xue, and Z. Chen, “Slope stability analysis method of unsaturated soil slopes considering pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration,” APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, vol. 12, no. 21, 2022.
@article{8772498,
  abstract     = {{The variation of pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration is an important factor that leads to slope failures. The purpose of this study is to propose a new slope stability analysis method that considers pore gas pressure and examines the effect of airflow on slope stability by using a numerical method. A water-air two-phase flow analysis was conducted to investigate the distribution of pore air pressure, pore water pressure, and water saturation triggered by rainfall infiltration. Then the variation of the load resulting from pore gas pressure was incorporated into the slope stability analysis method based on the unsaturated soil shear strength theory and the residual thrust method to simulate the influence of airflow on the Tanjiahe landslide in China. In order to study the infiltration behavior with respect to initial saturation, water and gas flow analyses were performed considering various initial states of saturation under similar settings. Results showed that the pore gas pressure between the slope surface and the slip band clearly varied and that it decreased during the process from the slide bed to the deep direction. Then, the pore water pressure formed in the saturated zone was transferred by the airflow to the slope toe. As a result, because the pore gas pressure gradient increased the thrust of the slide mass, the safety factor decreased over time. Moreover, in the first step, the magnitude of infiltration decreased with an increase in initial saturation, while when the magnitude dropped to the minimum value, it then went up with an increase in initial saturation. The maximum value was usually reached at a saturation degree of 0% or 100%. When evaluating slope stability, the safety factor obtained by the slope stability analysis method that considered the water-gas coupling effect was much lower than when it was not considered during the process of a similar seepage. The impact on the slope failure was significant and may provide a practical reference for hazard assessments to control rainfall-induced landslides.}},
  articleno    = {{11060}},
  author       = {{Tian, Wenjing and Peiffer, Herman and Malengier, Benny and Xue, Song and Chen, Zhongtian}},
  issn         = {{2076-3417}},
  journal      = {{APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL}},
  keywords     = {{Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes,Computer Science Applications,Process Chemistry and Technology,General Engineering,Instrumentation,General Materials Science}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{21}},
  pages        = {{19}},
  title        = {{Slope stability analysis method of unsaturated soil slopes considering pore gas pressure caused by rainfall infiltration}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app122111060}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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