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The effect of an online individualized program to prevent nurse burnout : a mixed method study

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Abstract
Purpose: Preventing burnout and promoting psychological well-being in nurses are of great importance. In this study the effect of an online, stand-alone individualized preventive program for nurse burnout based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is described and explained. *Design/methodology/approach: A mixed method study with an explanatory sequential design was applied. Quantitative data were collected from September 2015 to March 2016 during an intervention study with a pretest-posttest wait-list control group design within a population of hospital nurses in the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. Consecutively, 13 nurses from the intervention group who fully completed the program were interviewed. *Findings: All interviewed participants experienced some sort of effect due to working with the program. Emotional exhaustion remained stable in the intervention group and increased in the control group. However, this difference was not significant. Personal accomplishment decreased significantly within the intervention group when compared to the control group. This might be explained by the self-awareness that was created through the program, which confronted participants with their weaknesses and problems. *Originality/value: This study adds to the understanding of online individual burnout prevention. The results suggest the feasibility of an online program to prevent nurse burnout. This could be optimized by complementing it with organizational interventions, introducing refresher courses, reminders and follow-up. Furthermore, additional attention should be devoted to preparing the implementation in order to minimize attrition rates.
Keywords
Burnout, nurse, prevention, intervention, online, individual, cognitive behavioral therapy, mixed method, PRACTICE ENVIRONMENT, REPORTED OUTCOMES, STRESS-MANAGEMENT, JOB-SATISFACTION, INTERNET, CARE, HOSPITALS, FACE

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MLA
Geuens, Nina, et al. “The Effect of an Online Individualized Program to Prevent Nurse Burnout : A Mixed Method Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT, vol. 15, no. 1, 2022, pp. 19–37, doi:10.1108/IJWHM-06-2020-0090.
APA
Geuens, N., Franck, E., Vlerick, P., & Van Bogaert, P. (2022). The effect of an online individualized program to prevent nurse burnout : a mixed method study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT, 15(1), 19–37. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-06-2020-0090
Chicago author-date
Geuens, Nina, Erik Franck, Peter Vlerick, and Peter Van Bogaert. 2022. “The Effect of an Online Individualized Program to Prevent Nurse Burnout : A Mixed Method Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT 15 (1): 19–37. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-06-2020-0090.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Geuens, Nina, Erik Franck, Peter Vlerick, and Peter Van Bogaert. 2022. “The Effect of an Online Individualized Program to Prevent Nurse Burnout : A Mixed Method Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT 15 (1): 19–37. doi:10.1108/IJWHM-06-2020-0090.
Vancouver
1.
Geuens N, Franck E, Vlerick P, Van Bogaert P. The effect of an online individualized program to prevent nurse burnout : a mixed method study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT. 2022;15(1):19–37.
IEEE
[1]
N. Geuens, E. Franck, P. Vlerick, and P. Van Bogaert, “The effect of an online individualized program to prevent nurse burnout : a mixed method study,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 19–37, 2022.
@article{8770740,
  abstract     = {{Purpose: Preventing burnout and promoting psychological well-being in nurses are of great importance. In this study the effect of an online, stand-alone individualized preventive program for nurse burnout based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is described and explained. 
*Design/methodology/approach: A mixed method study with an explanatory sequential design was applied. Quantitative data were collected from September 2015 to March 2016 during an intervention study with a pretest-posttest wait-list control group design within a population of hospital nurses in the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. Consecutively, 13 nurses from the intervention group who fully completed the program were interviewed. 
*Findings: All interviewed participants experienced some sort of effect due to working with the program. Emotional exhaustion remained stable in the intervention group and increased in the control group. However, this difference was not significant. Personal accomplishment decreased significantly within the intervention group when compared to the control group. This might be explained by the self-awareness that was created through the program, which confronted participants with their weaknesses and problems. 
*Originality/value: This study adds to the understanding of online individual burnout prevention. The results suggest the feasibility of an online program to prevent nurse burnout. This could be optimized by complementing it with organizational interventions, introducing refresher courses, reminders and follow-up. Furthermore, additional attention should be devoted to preparing the implementation in order to minimize attrition rates.}},
  author       = {{Geuens, Nina and Franck, Erik and Vlerick, Peter and Van Bogaert, Peter}},
  issn         = {{1753-8351}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WORKPLACE HEALTH MANAGEMENT}},
  keywords     = {{Burnout,nurse,prevention,intervention,online,individual,cognitive behavioral therapy,mixed method,PRACTICE ENVIRONMENT,REPORTED OUTCOMES,STRESS-MANAGEMENT,JOB-SATISFACTION,INTERNET,CARE,HOSPITALS,FACE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{19--37}},
  title        = {{The effect of an online individualized program to prevent nurse burnout : a mixed method study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-06-2020-0090}},
  volume       = {{15}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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