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Genetic aspects of corneal sequestra in a population of Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats

(2022) ANIMALS. 12(15).
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Abstract
Simple Summary Corneal sequestrum is a common eye disease in Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. It is a brown stain on the cornea that can be painful and often requires surgery for full recovery. The cause of this disease is unknown. One hypothesis is that genetic factors influence the disease, but there are no data to support this in the scientific literature. In this study, the influence of genetics on this disease was investigated on the basis of clinical and pedigree data from a cattery. Kittens of some dams in this cattery turned out to have a higher risk of corneal sequestra than kittens of other dams, indicating that genetics indeed play a role. The disease also has a high heritability, which implies that by selecting the right breeding animals, breeders can reduce the risk of corneal sequestra in the offspring. DNA analysis of some of the cats from the cattery could not link the disease to a specific region in the DNA, so it is possible that many different genes in different DNA regions are involved in the development of corneal sequestra. Corneal sequestra are ophthalmic lesions that are remarkably common in Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. In this study, the genetic aspects of this disease were investigated in a population of cats originating from a single cattery. Odds ratios were calculated for parents with affected offspring. The heritability of (owner-reported) corneal sequestra was estimated with a Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure. Well-phenotyped cases and controls were used for a genome-wide association study. Data from 692 cats originating from the cattery, of which 61 were affected, were used. Cats from two specific mothers had significantly higher odds of developing corneal sequestra, but no significant effect of the fathers was found (after correction for the mothers). The heritability of corneal sequestra was estimated to be 0.96. A genome-wide association study with 14 cases and 10 controls did not reveal an associated chromosomal region. The large effect that genetic factors had on the development of corneal sequestra in this study suggests that selective breeding could be an effective way to reduce the prevalence of this condition in these cat breeds.
Keywords
corneal sequestrum, heritability, felis catus, GWAS, breeding advice

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Schipper, Tom, et al. “Genetic Aspects of Corneal Sequestra in a Population of Persian, Himalayan and Exotic Cats.” ANIMALS, vol. 12, no. 15, 2022, doi:10.3390/ani12152008.
APA
Schipper, T., Storms, G., Janssens, G., Schoofs, S., Capiau, E., Verdonck, D., … Broeckx, B. (2022). Genetic aspects of corneal sequestra in a population of Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. ANIMALS, 12(15). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12152008
Chicago author-date
Schipper, Tom, Goedele Storms, Gerlinde Janssens, Sabine Schoofs, Eveline Capiau, Dieter Verdonck, Pascale Smets, Luc Peelman, and Bart Broeckx. 2022. “Genetic Aspects of Corneal Sequestra in a Population of Persian, Himalayan and Exotic Cats.” ANIMALS 12 (15). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12152008.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schipper, Tom, Goedele Storms, Gerlinde Janssens, Sabine Schoofs, Eveline Capiau, Dieter Verdonck, Pascale Smets, Luc Peelman, and Bart Broeckx. 2022. “Genetic Aspects of Corneal Sequestra in a Population of Persian, Himalayan and Exotic Cats.” ANIMALS 12 (15). doi:10.3390/ani12152008.
Vancouver
1.
Schipper T, Storms G, Janssens G, Schoofs S, Capiau E, Verdonck D, et al. Genetic aspects of corneal sequestra in a population of Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. ANIMALS. 2022;12(15).
IEEE
[1]
T. Schipper et al., “Genetic aspects of corneal sequestra in a population of Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats,” ANIMALS, vol. 12, no. 15, 2022.
@article{8764775,
  abstract     = {{Simple Summary Corneal sequestrum is a common eye disease in Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. It is a brown stain on the cornea that can be painful and often requires surgery for full recovery. The cause of this disease is unknown. One hypothesis is that genetic factors influence the disease, but there are no data to support this in the scientific literature. In this study, the influence of genetics on this disease was investigated on the basis of clinical and pedigree data from a cattery. Kittens of some dams in this cattery turned out to have a higher risk of corneal sequestra than kittens of other dams, indicating that genetics indeed play a role. The disease also has a high heritability, which implies that by selecting the right breeding animals, breeders can reduce the risk of corneal sequestra in the offspring. DNA analysis of some of the cats from the cattery could not link the disease to a specific region in the DNA, so it is possible that many different genes in different DNA regions are involved in the development of corneal sequestra. Corneal sequestra are ophthalmic lesions that are remarkably common in Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats. In this study, the genetic aspects of this disease were investigated in a population of cats originating from a single cattery. Odds ratios were calculated for parents with affected offspring. The heritability of (owner-reported) corneal sequestra was estimated with a Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure. Well-phenotyped cases and controls were used for a genome-wide association study. Data from 692 cats originating from the cattery, of which 61 were affected, were used. Cats from two specific mothers had significantly higher odds of developing corneal sequestra, but no significant effect of the fathers was found (after correction for the mothers). The heritability of corneal sequestra was estimated to be 0.96. A genome-wide association study with 14 cases and 10 controls did not reveal an associated chromosomal region. The large effect that genetic factors had on the development of corneal sequestra in this study suggests that selective breeding could be an effective way to reduce the prevalence of this condition in these cat breeds.}},
  articleno    = {{2008}},
  author       = {{Schipper, Tom and Storms, Goedele and Janssens, Gerlinde and Schoofs, Sabine and Capiau, Eveline and Verdonck, Dieter and Smets, Pascale and Peelman, Luc and Broeckx, Bart}},
  issn         = {{2076-2615}},
  journal      = {{ANIMALS}},
  keywords     = {{corneal sequestrum,heritability,felis catus,GWAS,breeding advice}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{15}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  title        = {{Genetic aspects of corneal sequestra in a population of Persian, Himalayan and exotic cats}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani12152008}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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