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Quantitative study of food integrity climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian food businesses in view of their organisational characteristics

Waeel Salih Alrobaish (UGent) , Liesbeth Jacxsens (UGent) and Peter Vlerick (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Managing food integrity within a food business represents a novel dimension in food safety management. In this study, the prevailing food integrity climate of different food companies was analysed and compared across two distinct countries (Belgium and Saudi Arabia), and its relation with various organisational characteristics was examined. A quantitative questionnaire was filled up by the principal quality manager of forty-three food companies. Results show that the overall food integrity climate in the participating Saudi Arabian (n = 15) and Belgian food companies (n = 28) was estimated as medium-high. Scores varied substantially across the different participating food organisations, but only slightly between the two countries. The companies' certification status was found statistically significantly related to a higher perceived food integrity climate, in particular for ISO 9000 as well as FSSC 22000 in both countries and IFS only in the Saudi Arabian sample. It was also demonstrated that the prevailing food integrity climate is associated with the company's product type or sector, but only in the Belgian participating food companies, since Belgian quality managers employed in plant-based food companies estimated their food integrity climate higher than their counterparts in animal-based food companies. This horizontal comparative study, based on an intercontinental quantitative assessment of food integrity performance in food companies, contributes to enhance the understanding of food integrity in relation to specific organisational characteristics of food businesses, offering both theoretical and practical implications.
Keywords
Belgium, food certifications, food industry, food integrity, FSSC 22000, ISO 9000, organisational climate, Saudi Arabia, self-assessment tool, work climate, SAFETY CLIMATE, FRAUD, CHAIN, TRANSLATION, FRAMEWORK, DEFENSE

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MLA
Alrobaish, Waeel Salih, et al. “Quantitative Study of Food Integrity Climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian Food Businesses in View of Their Organisational Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol. 57, no. 7, 2022, pp. 4254–67, doi:10.1111/ijfs.15749.
APA
Alrobaish, W. S., Jacxsens, L., & Vlerick, P. (2022). Quantitative study of food integrity climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian food businesses in view of their organisational characteristics. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 57(7), 4254–4267. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.15749
Chicago author-date
Alrobaish, Waeel Salih, Liesbeth Jacxsens, and Peter Vlerick. 2022. “Quantitative Study of Food Integrity Climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian Food Businesses in View of Their Organisational Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 57 (7): 4254–67. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.15749.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Alrobaish, Waeel Salih, Liesbeth Jacxsens, and Peter Vlerick. 2022. “Quantitative Study of Food Integrity Climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian Food Businesses in View of Their Organisational Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 57 (7): 4254–4267. doi:10.1111/ijfs.15749.
Vancouver
1.
Alrobaish WS, Jacxsens L, Vlerick P. Quantitative study of food integrity climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian food businesses in view of their organisational characteristics. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2022;57(7):4254–67.
IEEE
[1]
W. S. Alrobaish, L. Jacxsens, and P. Vlerick, “Quantitative study of food integrity climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian food businesses in view of their organisational characteristics,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 4254–4267, 2022.
@article{8764655,
  abstract     = {{Managing food integrity within a food business represents a novel dimension in food safety management. In this study, the prevailing food integrity climate of different food companies was analysed and compared across two distinct countries (Belgium and Saudi Arabia), and its relation with various organisational characteristics was examined. A quantitative questionnaire was filled up by the principal quality manager of forty-three food companies. Results show that the overall food integrity climate in the participating Saudi Arabian (n = 15) and Belgian food companies (n = 28) was estimated as medium-high. Scores varied substantially across the different participating food organisations, but only slightly between the two countries. The companies' certification status was found statistically significantly related to a higher perceived food integrity climate, in particular for ISO 9000 as well as FSSC 22000 in both countries and IFS only in the Saudi Arabian sample. It was also demonstrated that the prevailing food integrity climate is associated with the company's product type or sector, but only in the Belgian participating food companies, since Belgian quality managers employed in plant-based food companies estimated their food integrity climate higher than their counterparts in animal-based food companies. This horizontal comparative study, based on an intercontinental quantitative assessment of food integrity performance in food companies, contributes to enhance the understanding of food integrity in relation to specific organisational characteristics of food businesses, offering both theoretical and practical implications.}},
  author       = {{Alrobaish, Waeel Salih and Jacxsens, Liesbeth and Vlerick, Peter}},
  issn         = {{0950-5423}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Belgium,food certifications,food industry,food integrity,FSSC 22000,ISO 9000,organisational climate,Saudi Arabia,self-assessment tool,work climate,SAFETY CLIMATE,FRAUD,CHAIN,TRANSLATION,FRAMEWORK,DEFENSE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{4254--4267}},
  title        = {{Quantitative study of food integrity climate in Belgian and Saudi Arabian food businesses in view of their organisational characteristics}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.15749}},
  volume       = {{57}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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