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Optimal investment and flexible operation of power-to-hydrogen systems increasing wind power utilisation

Akbar Dadkhah (UGent) , Greet Van Eetvelde (UGent) and Lieven Vandevelde (UGent)
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Abstract
One of the biggest challenges today is how net-zero carbon emission pathways for the industry will evolve by 2050. The solution space includes heavy utilisation of renewables for the electrification of industrial processes and the use of renewable molecules. It is expected that more than 200 GW of offshore wind power will be installed in the North Sea region by 2050, which necessitates the need for bulk power transport together with storage facilities. Hydrogen production and storage systems can help balance the electricity grid and facilitate the maximum utilisation of offshore wind energy. Such systems also will affect the expansion requirements of electricity grids by reducing wind power curtailments and employing the existing natural gas network and hydrogen pipelines. This research investigates the optimal operation of a coupled wind-hydrogen system, which supplies green hydrogen to the industrial sites and injects it into the natural gas grid. The produced hydrogen can be utilised as a long-term storage medium for electricity generation as well. Moreover, in order to maximise the total annual profits and renewable energy utilisation ratio, the optimal design of the hydrogen system is studied by using historical data from the Belgian energy markets. The preliminary results show that net power curtailment can be reduced up to 63% by making use of the excess energy to produce hydrogen.
Keywords
optimal investment, hydrogen economy, energy systems flexibility, industrial clusters, DEMAND RESPONSE, ENERGY

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MLA
Dadkhah, Akbar, et al. “Optimal Investment and Flexible Operation of Power-to-Hydrogen Systems Increasing Wind Power Utilisation.” 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe), IEEE, 2022, doi:10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope54979.2022.9854674.
APA
Dadkhah, A., Van Eetvelde, G., & Vandevelde, L. (2022). Optimal investment and flexible operation of power-to-hydrogen systems increasing wind power utilisation. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe). Presented at the 22nd International Conference on Environmental and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC 2022), Prague, Czech Republic. https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope54979.2022.9854674
Chicago author-date
Dadkhah, Akbar, Greet Van Eetvelde, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2022. “Optimal Investment and Flexible Operation of Power-to-Hydrogen Systems Increasing Wind Power Utilisation.” In 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope54979.2022.9854674.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dadkhah, Akbar, Greet Van Eetvelde, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2022. “Optimal Investment and Flexible Operation of Power-to-Hydrogen Systems Increasing Wind Power Utilisation.” In 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe). IEEE. doi:10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope54979.2022.9854674.
Vancouver
1.
Dadkhah A, Van Eetvelde G, Vandevelde L. Optimal investment and flexible operation of power-to-hydrogen systems increasing wind power utilisation. In: 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe). IEEE; 2022.
IEEE
[1]
A. Dadkhah, G. Van Eetvelde, and L. Vandevelde, “Optimal investment and flexible operation of power-to-hydrogen systems increasing wind power utilisation,” in 2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe), Prague, Czech Republic, 2022.
@inproceedings{8760187,
  abstract     = {{One of the biggest challenges today is how net-zero
carbon emission pathways for the industry will evolve by 2050.
The solution space includes heavy utilisation of renewables for the
electrification of industrial processes and the use of renewable
molecules. It is expected that more than 200 GW of offshore
wind power will be installed in the North Sea region by 2050,
which necessitates the need for bulk power transport together
with storage facilities. Hydrogen production and storage systems
can help balance the electricity grid and facilitate the maximum
utilisation of offshore wind energy. Such systems also will affect
the expansion requirements of electricity grids by reducing
wind power curtailments and employing the existing natural gas
network and hydrogen pipelines. This research investigates the
optimal operation of a coupled wind-hydrogen system, which
supplies green hydrogen to the industrial sites and injects it into
the natural gas grid. The produced hydrogen can be utilised as
a long-term storage medium for electricity generation as well.
Moreover, in order to maximise the total annual profits and
renewable energy utilisation ratio, the optimal design of the
hydrogen system is studied by using historical data from the
Belgian energy markets. The preliminary results show that net
power curtailment can be reduced up to 63% by making use of
the excess energy to produce hydrogen.}},
  author       = {{Dadkhah, Akbar and Van Eetvelde, Greet and Vandevelde, Lieven}},
  booktitle    = {{2022 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2022 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC / I&CPS Europe)}},
  isbn         = {{9781665485371}},
  keywords     = {{optimal investment,hydrogen economy,energy systems flexibility,industrial clusters,DEMAND RESPONSE,ENERGY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Prague, Czech Republic}},
  pages        = {{6}},
  publisher    = {{IEEE}},
  title        = {{Optimal investment and flexible operation of power-to-hydrogen systems increasing wind power utilisation}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC/ICPSEurope54979.2022.9854674}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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