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Interaction in online classes during Covid-19 : the experiences of newly-arrived migrant students

Shauny Seynhaeve (UGent) , Bart Deygers (UGent) , Ellen Simon (UGent) and Steven Delarue
(2022) EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH. 64(3). p.334-352
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Abstract
Background In order to continue educational provision during the Covid-19 pandemic, many education systems switched to some form of Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) in 2020. Research suggests that this may have disproportionately affected students from underprivileged communities. In this context, there is, therefore, a pressing need to consider how ERT may have impacted learners who are likely to be most affected by educational inequalities, including newly arrived migrant students (NAMS). Purpose As studies have highlighted the particular importance of interaction for effective distance learning, the research aimed to examine how NAMS in Flemish secondary schools experienced interaction with learning content, teachers and fellow students in online classes during ERT. Methods A total of six semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with 23 NAMS from six secondary schools in Belgium. The interviews were centred on questions about participants' experiences with online interaction and participation. All focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim, after which transcriptions were coded and analysed qualitatively. Findings The analysis revealed that, during ERT, participants reported experiencing a higher amount of learner-content interaction, mainly consisting of self-study material and tasks. Participants also indicated a lack of learner-teacher interaction, which was attributed to the shortage of speaking opportunities and students' decreased inclination to interact with instructors. In addition, most participants reportedly experienced few opportunities for learner-learner interaction during online classes. Conclusions Study findings provided insight into the NAMS' experiences of being suddenly and unexpectedly compelled to be autonomous learners during ERT. Students' reports suggest that the quality of learner-content interaction may have been compromised by limited learner-teacher interaction in the ERT situation. This draws attention more generally to the importance of interactive learning in the support of NAMS and the need for educators to be empowered to develop interactivity-rich remote learning environments.
Keywords
distance learning, interaction, newly arrived migrant students (NAMS), secondary education, emergency remote teaching (ERT), Covid-19, LEARNER

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Seynhaeve, Shauny, et al. “Interaction in Online Classes during Covid-19 : The Experiences of Newly-Arrived Migrant Students.” EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, vol. 64, no. 3, 2022, pp. 334–52, doi:10.1080/00131881.2022.2090981.
APA
Seynhaeve, S., Deygers, B., Simon, E., & Delarue, S. (2022). Interaction in online classes during Covid-19 : the experiences of newly-arrived migrant students. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, 64(3), 334–352. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2022.2090981
Chicago author-date
Seynhaeve, Shauny, Bart Deygers, Ellen Simon, and Steven Delarue. 2022. “Interaction in Online Classes during Covid-19 : The Experiences of Newly-Arrived Migrant Students.” EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 64 (3): 334–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2022.2090981.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Seynhaeve, Shauny, Bart Deygers, Ellen Simon, and Steven Delarue. 2022. “Interaction in Online Classes during Covid-19 : The Experiences of Newly-Arrived Migrant Students.” EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 64 (3): 334–352. doi:10.1080/00131881.2022.2090981.
Vancouver
1.
Seynhaeve S, Deygers B, Simon E, Delarue S. Interaction in online classes during Covid-19 : the experiences of newly-arrived migrant students. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH. 2022;64(3):334–52.
IEEE
[1]
S. Seynhaeve, B. Deygers, E. Simon, and S. Delarue, “Interaction in online classes during Covid-19 : the experiences of newly-arrived migrant students,” EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 334–352, 2022.
@article{8760085,
  abstract     = {{Background In order to continue educational provision during the Covid-19 pandemic, many education systems switched to some form of Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) in 2020. Research suggests that this may have disproportionately affected students from underprivileged communities. In this context, there is, therefore, a pressing need to consider how ERT may have impacted learners who are likely to be most affected by educational inequalities, including newly arrived migrant students (NAMS). Purpose As studies have highlighted the particular importance of interaction for effective distance learning, the research aimed to examine how NAMS in Flemish secondary schools experienced interaction with learning content, teachers and fellow students in online classes during ERT. Methods A total of six semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with 23 NAMS from six secondary schools in Belgium. The interviews were centred on questions about participants' experiences with online interaction and participation. All focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim, after which transcriptions were coded and analysed qualitatively. Findings The analysis revealed that, during ERT, participants reported experiencing a higher amount of learner-content interaction, mainly consisting of self-study material and tasks. Participants also indicated a lack of learner-teacher interaction, which was attributed to the shortage of speaking opportunities and students' decreased inclination to interact with instructors. In addition, most participants reportedly experienced few opportunities for learner-learner interaction during online classes. Conclusions Study findings provided insight into the NAMS' experiences of being suddenly and unexpectedly compelled to be autonomous learners during ERT. Students' reports suggest that the quality of learner-content interaction may have been compromised by limited learner-teacher interaction in the ERT situation. This draws attention more generally to the importance of interactive learning in the support of NAMS and the need for educators to be empowered to develop interactivity-rich remote learning environments.}},
  author       = {{Seynhaeve, Shauny and Deygers, Bart and Simon, Ellen and Delarue, Steven}},
  isbn         = {{0013-1881}},
  issn         = {{1469-5847}},
  journal      = {{EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{distance learning,interaction,newly arrived migrant students (NAMS),secondary education,emergency remote teaching (ERT),Covid-19,LEARNER}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{334--352}},
  title        = {{Interaction in online classes during Covid-19 : the experiences of newly-arrived migrant students}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2022.2090981}},
  volume       = {{64}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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