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Desistance, disengagement, and deradicalization : a cross-field comparison

Sigrid Raets (UGent)
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Abstract
This article provides a critical comparison of the present knowledge base on desistance from crime and current writings on disengagement and deradicalization from violent extremism. Underlying the comparison is the fundamental premise that while violent extremism is a particular and perhaps egregious form of crime, it is a form of crime nonetheless, meaning that violent extremist offenders are not beyond the remits of the desistance framework. As of yet, however, there have been few attempts to connect these two research domains in a systematic way. Against this background, the present article intends to trace the outlines of both bodies of knowledge so as to determine the degree of overlap between these two kindred literatures. The results of this integrative literature indicate that studies on criminal desistance and violent extremist disengagement echo the same basic mechanisms of change, but also that differences in context affect how these mechanisms take shape. In highlighting the implications for theory, the findings of this review illustrate, above all, how a closer association between these two fields of study enriches our understanding of both.
Keywords
violent extremism, disengagement, deradicalization, desistance, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, LIFE-COURSE, TURNING-POINTS, ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS, ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, CRIMINAL DESISTANCE, EMERGING ADULTHOOD, GANG MEMBERSHIP, CRIME, IDENTITY

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MLA
Raets, Sigrid. “Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization : A Cross-Field Comparison.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 68, no. 4, 2024, pp. 389–426, doi:10.1177/0306624x221102802.
APA
Raets, S. (2024). Desistance, disengagement, and deradicalization : a cross-field comparison. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, 68(4), 389–426. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x221102802
Chicago author-date
Raets, Sigrid. 2024. “Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization : A Cross-Field Comparison.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY 68 (4): 389–426. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x221102802.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Raets, Sigrid. 2024. “Desistance, Disengagement, and Deradicalization : A Cross-Field Comparison.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY 68 (4): 389–426. doi:10.1177/0306624x221102802.
Vancouver
1.
Raets S. Desistance, disengagement, and deradicalization : a cross-field comparison. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY. 2024;68(4):389–426.
IEEE
[1]
S. Raets, “Desistance, disengagement, and deradicalization : a cross-field comparison,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 389–426, 2024.
@article{8758272,
  abstract     = {{This article provides a critical comparison of the present knowledge base on desistance from crime and current writings on disengagement and deradicalization from violent extremism. Underlying the comparison is the fundamental premise that while violent extremism is a particular and perhaps egregious form of crime, it is a form of crime nonetheless, meaning that violent extremist offenders are not beyond the remits of the desistance framework. As of yet, however, there have been few attempts to connect these two research domains in a systematic way. Against this background, the present article intends to trace the outlines of both bodies of knowledge so as to determine the degree of overlap between these two kindred literatures. The results of this integrative literature indicate that studies on criminal desistance and violent extremist disengagement echo the same basic mechanisms of change, but also that differences in context affect how these mechanisms take shape. In highlighting the implications for theory, the findings of this review illustrate, above all, how a closer association between these two fields of study enriches our understanding of both.}},
  author       = {{Raets, Sigrid}},
  issn         = {{0306-624X}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{violent extremism,disengagement,deradicalization,desistance,INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE,LIFE-COURSE,TURNING-POINTS,ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS,ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR,CRIMINAL DESISTANCE,EMERGING ADULTHOOD,GANG MEMBERSHIP,CRIME,IDENTITY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{389--426}},
  title        = {{Desistance, disengagement, and deradicalization : a cross-field comparison}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x221102802}},
  volume       = {{68}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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