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Search for GeV-scale dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore

(2022) PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 105(6).
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Abstract
The Sun provides an excellent target for studying spin-dependent dark matter-proton scattering due to its high matter density and abundant hydrogen content. Dark matter particles from the Galactic halo can elastically interact with Solar nuclei, resulting in their capture and thermalization in the Sun. The captured dark matter can annihilate into Standard Model particles including an observable flux of neutrinos. We present the results of a search for low-energy (<500 GeV) neutrinos correlated with the direction of the Sun using 7 years of IceCube data. This work utilizes, for the first time, new optimized cuts to extend IceCube's sensitivity to dark matter mass down to 5 GeV. We find no significant detection of neutrinos from the Sun. Our observations exclude capture by spin-dependent dark matter-proton scattering with cross section down to a few times 10(-41) cm(2), assuming there is equilibrium with annihilation into neutrinos/antineutrinos for dark matter masses between 5 GeV and 100 GeV. These are the strongest constraints at GeV energies for dark matter annihilation directly to neutrinos.
Keywords
NEUTRINOS

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MLA
Abbasi, R., et al. “Search for GeV-Scale Dark Matter Annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 105, no. 6, 2022, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.105.062004.
APA
Abbasi, R., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., … Zhelnin, P. (2022). Search for GeV-scale dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 105(6). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.105.062004
Chicago author-date
Abbasi, R., M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, J. M. Alameddine, et al. 2022. “Search for GeV-Scale Dark Matter Annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 105 (6). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.105.062004.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Abbasi, R., M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, J. M. Alameddine, C. Alispach, Jr. Alves, A. A., N. M. Amin, K. Andeen, T. Anderson, G. Anton, C. Arguelles, Y. Ashida, S. Axani, X. Bai, A. Balagopal, A. Barbano, S. W. Barwick, B. Bastian, V Basu, S. Baur, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, K-H Becker, J. Becker Tjus, C. Bellenghi, S. BenZvi, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, M. Boddenberg, F. Bontempo, J. Borowka, S. Boser, O. Botner, J. Boettcher, E. Bourbeau, F. Bradascio, J. Braun, B. Brinson, S. Bron, J. Brostean-Kaiser, S. Browne, A. Burgman, R. T. Burley, R. S. Busse, M. A. Campana, E. G. Carnie-Bronca, C. Chen, Z. Chen, D. Chirkin, K. Choi, B. A. Clark, K. Clark, L. Classen, A. Coleman, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, P. Coppin, P. Correa, D. F. Cowen, R. Cross, C. Dappen, P. Dave, C. De Clercq, J. J. DeLaunay, D. Delgado Lopez, H. Dembinski, K. Deoskar, A. Desai, P. Desiati, K. D. de Vries, G. de Wasseige, M. de With, T. DeYoung, A. Diaz, J. C. Diaz-Velez, M. Dittmer, H. Dujmovic, M. Dunkman, M. A. DuVernois, E. Dvorak, T. Ehrhardt, P. Eller, R. Engel, H. Erpenbeck, J. Evans, P. A. Evenson, K. L. Fan, A. R. Fazely, N. Feigl, S. Fiedlschuster, A. T. Fienberg, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, L. Fischer, D. Fox, A. Franckowiak, E. Friedman, A. Fritz, P. Fuerst, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, E. Ganster, A. Garcia, S. Garrappa, L. Gerhardt, A. Ghadimi, C. Glaser, T. Glauch, T. Gluesenkamp, J. G. Gonzalez, S. Goswami, D. Grant, T. Gregoire, S. Griswold, C. Gunther, P. Gutjahr, C. Haack, A. Hallgren, R. Halliday, L. Halve, F. Halzen, M. Ha Minh, K. Hanson, J. Hardin, A. A. Harnisch, A. Haungs, D. Hebecker, K. Helbing, F. Henningsen, E. C. Hettinger, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, C. Hill, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, B. Hokanson-Fasig, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, T. Huber, K. Hultqvist, M. Huennefeld, R. Hussain, K. Hymon, S. In, N. Iovine, A. Ishihara, M. Jansson, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, M. Jin, B. J. P. Jones, D. Kang, W. Kang, X. Kang, A. Kappes, D. Kappesser, L. Kardum, T. Karg, M. Karl, A. Karle, U. Katz, M. Kauer, M. Kellermann, J. L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, K. Kin, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, S. R. Klein, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, T. Kontrimas, L. Koepke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, P. Koundal, M. Kovacevich, M. Kowalski, T. Kozynets, E. Kun, N. Kurahashi, N. Lad, C. Lagunas Gualda, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, J. P. Lazar, J. W. Lee, K. Leonard, Y. Li, M. Lincetto, Q. R. Liu, M. Liubarska, E. Lohfink, C. J. Lozano Mariscal, L. Lu, F. Lucarelli, A. Ludwig, W. Luszczak, Y. Lyu, W. Y. Ma, J. Madsen, K. B. M. Mahn, Y. Makino, S. Mancina, I Martinez-Soler, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, T. McElroy, F. McNally, V Mead, J., K. Meagher, S. Mechbal, A. Medina, M. Meier, S. Meighen-Berger, J. Micallef, D. Mockler, T. Montaruli, R. W. Moore, R. Morse, M. Moulai, R. Naab, R. Nagai, U. Naumann, J. Necker, G. Neer, H. Niederhausen, M. U. Nisa, S. C. Nowicki, A. Obertacke Pollmann, M. Oehler, Bob Oeyen, A. Olivas, E. O’Sullivan, H. Pandya, V Pankova, D., N. Park, G. K. Parker, E. N. Paudel, L. Paul, C. Perez de los Heros, L. Peters, J. Peterson, S. Philippen, S. Pieper, M. Pittermann, A. Pizzuto, M. Plum, Y. Popovych, Alessio Porcelli, M. Prado Rodriguez, P. B. Price, B. Pries, G. T. Przybylski, C. Raab, A. Raissi, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, I. C. Rea, A. Rehman, P. Reichherzer, R. Reimann, G. Renzi, E. Resconi, S. Reusch, W. Rhode, M. Richman, B. Riedel, E. J. Roberts, S. Robertson, G. Roellinghoff, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, Dirk Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk Cantu, I Safa, J. Saffer, S. E. Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, M. Schaufel, H. Schieler, S. Schindler, T. Schmidt, A. Schneider, J. Schneider, F. G. Schroeder, L. Schumacher, G. Schwefer, S. Sclafani, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, A. Sharma, S. Shefali, M. Silva, B. Skrzypek, B. Smithers, R. Snihur, J. Soedingrekso, D. Soldin, C. Spannfellner, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, J. Stachurska, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, R. Stein, J. Stettner, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, T. Stuerwald, T. Stuttard, G. W. Sullivan, I Taboada, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, F. Tischbein, K. Tollefson, C. Tonnis, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, A. Trettin, M. Tselengidou, C. F. Tung, A. Turcati, R. Turcotte, C. F. Turley, J. P. Twagirayezu, B. Ty, M. A. Unland Elorrieta, N. Valtonen-Mattila, J. Vandenbroucke, N. van Eijndhoven, D. Vannerom, J. van Santen, Stef Verpoest, C. Walck, T. B. Watson, C. Weaver, P. Weigel, A. Weindl, M. J. Weiss, J. Weldert, C. Wendt, J. Werthebach, M. Weyrauch, N. Whitehorn, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, M. Wolf, K. Woschnagg, G. Wrede, J. Wulff, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, S. Yoshida, S. Yu, T. Yuan, Z. Zhang, and P. Zhelnin. 2022. “Search for GeV-Scale Dark Matter Annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 105 (6). doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.105.062004.
Vancouver
1.
Abbasi R, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M, et al. Search for GeV-scale dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2022;105(6).
IEEE
[1]
R. Abbasi et al., “Search for GeV-scale dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore,” PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 105, no. 6, 2022.
@article{8757259,
  abstract     = {{The Sun provides an excellent target for studying spin-dependent dark matter-proton scattering due to its high matter density and abundant hydrogen content. Dark matter particles from the Galactic halo can elastically interact with Solar nuclei, resulting in their capture and thermalization in the Sun. The captured dark matter can annihilate into Standard Model particles including an observable flux of neutrinos. We present the results of a search for low-energy (<500 GeV) neutrinos correlated with the direction of the Sun using 7 years of IceCube data. This work utilizes, for the first time, new optimized cuts to extend IceCube's sensitivity to dark matter mass down to 5 GeV. We find no significant detection of neutrinos from the Sun. Our observations exclude capture by spin-dependent dark matter-proton scattering with cross section down to a few times 10(-41) cm(2), assuming there is equilibrium with annihilation into neutrinos/antineutrinos for dark matter masses between 5 GeV and 100 GeV. These are the strongest constraints at GeV energies for dark matter annihilation directly to neutrinos.}},
  articleno    = {{062004}},
  author       = {{Abbasi, R. and Ackermann, M. and Adams, J. and Aguilar, J. A. and Ahlers, M. and Ahrens, M. and Alameddine, J. M. and Alispach, C. and Alves, A. A., Jr. and Amin, N. M. and Andeen, K. and Anderson, T. and Anton, G. and Arguelles, C. and Ashida, Y. and Axani, S. and Bai, X. and Balagopal, A. and Barbano, A. and Barwick, S. W. and Bastian, B. and Basu, V and Baur, S. and Bay, R. and Beatty, J. J. and Becker, K-H and Tjus, J. Becker and Bellenghi, C. and BenZvi, S. and Berley, D. and Bernardini, E. and Besson, D. Z. and Binder, G. and Bindig, D. and Blaufuss, E. and Blot, S. and Boddenberg, M. and Bontempo, F. and Borowka, J. and Boser, S. and Botner, O. and Boettcher, J. and Bourbeau, E. and Bradascio, F. and Braun, J. and Brinson, B. and Bron, S. and Brostean-Kaiser, J. and Browne, S. and Burgman, A. and Burley, R. T. and Busse, R. S. and Campana, M. A. and Carnie-Bronca, E. G. and Chen, C. and Chen, Z. and Chirkin, D. and Choi, K. and Clark, B. A. and Clark, K. and Classen, L. and Coleman, A. and Collin, G. H. and Conrad, J. M. and Coppin, P. and Correa, P. and Cowen, D. F. and Cross, R. and Dappen, C. and Dave, P. and De Clercq, C. and DeLaunay, J. J. and Lopez, D. Delgado and Dembinski, H. and Deoskar, K. and Desai, A. and Desiati, P. and de Vries, K. D. and de Wasseige, G. and de With, M. and DeYoung, T. and Diaz, A. and Diaz-Velez, J. C. and Dittmer, M. and Dujmovic, H. and Dunkman, M. and DuVernois, M. A. and Dvorak, E. and Ehrhardt, T. and Eller, P. and Engel, R. and Erpenbeck, H. and Evans, J. and Evenson, P. A. and Fan, K. L. and Fazely, A. R. and Feigl, N. and Fiedlschuster, S. and Fienberg, A. T. and Filimonov, K. and Finley, C. and Fischer, L. and Fox, D. and Franckowiak, A. and Friedman, E. and Fritz, A. and Fuerst, P. and Gaisser, T. K. and Gallagher, J. and Ganster, E. and Garcia, A. and Garrappa, S. and Gerhardt, L. and Ghadimi, A. and Glaser, C. and Glauch, T. and Gluesenkamp, T. and Gonzalez, J. G. and Goswami, S. and Grant, D. and Gregoire, T. and Griswold, S. and Gunther, C. and Gutjahr, P. and Haack, C. and Hallgren, A. and Halliday, R. and Halve, L. and Halzen, F. and Ha Minh, M. and Hanson, K. and Hardin, J. and Harnisch, A. A. and Haungs, A. and Hebecker, D. and Helbing, K. and Henningsen, F. and Hettinger, E. C. and Hickford, S. and Hignight, J. and Hill, C. and Hill, G. C. and Hoffman, K. D. and Hoffmann, R. and Hokanson-Fasig, B. and Hoshina, K. and Huang, F. and Huber, M. and Huber, T. and Hultqvist, K. and Huennefeld, M. and Hussain, R. and Hymon, K. and In, S. and Iovine, N. and Ishihara, A. and Jansson, M. and Japaridze, G. S. and Jeong, M. and Jin, M. and Jones, B. J. P. and Kang, D. and Kang, W. and Kang, X. and Kappes, A. and Kappesser, D. and Kardum, L. and Karg, T. and Karl, M. and Karle, A. and Katz, U. and Kauer, M. and Kellermann, M. and Kelley, J. L. and Kheirandish, A. and Kin, K. and Kintscher, T. and Kiryluk, J. and Klein, S. R. and Koirala, R. and Kolanoski, H. and Kontrimas, T. and Koepke, L. and Kopper, C. and Kopper, S. and Koskinen, D. J. and Koundal, P. and Kovacevich, M. and Kowalski, M. and Kozynets, T. and Kun, E. and Kurahashi, N. and Lad, N. and Gualda, C. Lagunas and Lanfranchi, J. L. and Larson, M. J. and Lauber, F. and Lazar, J. P. and Lee, J. W. and Leonard, K. and Li, Y. and Lincetto, M. and Liu, Q. R. and Liubarska, M. and Lohfink, E. and Mariscal, C. J. Lozano and Lu, L. and Lucarelli, F. and Ludwig, A. and Luszczak, W. and Lyu, Y. and Ma, W. Y. and Madsen, J. and Mahn, K. B. M. and Makino, Y. and Mancina, S. and Martinez-Soler, I and Maruyama, R. and Mase, K. and McElroy, T. and McNally, F. and Mead, J., V and Meagher, K. and Mechbal, S. and Medina, A. and Meier, M. and Meighen-Berger, S. and Micallef, J. and Mockler, D. and Montaruli, T. and Moore, R. W. and Morse, R. and Moulai, M. and Naab, R. and Nagai, R. and Naumann, U. and Necker, J. and Neer, G. and Niederhausen, H. and Nisa, M. U. and Nowicki, S. C. and Pollmann, A. Obertacke and Oehler, M. and Oeyen, Bob and Olivas, A. and O'Sullivan, E. and Pandya, H. and Pankova, D., V and Park, N. and Parker, G. K. and Paudel, E. N. and Paul, L. and de los Heros, C. Perez and Peters, L. and Peterson, J. and Philippen, S. and Pieper, S. and Pittermann, M. and Pizzuto, A. and Plum, M. and Popovych, Y. and Porcelli, Alessio and Rodriguez, M. Prado and Price, P. B. and Pries, B. and Przybylski, G. T. and Raab, C. and Raissi, A. and Rameez, M. and Rawlins, K. and Rea, I. C. and Rehman, A. and Reichherzer, P. and Reimann, R. and Renzi, G. and Resconi, E. and Reusch, S. and Rhode, W. and Richman, M. and Riedel, B. and Roberts, E. J. and Robertson, S. and Roellinghoff, G. and Rongen, M. and Rott, C. and Ruhe, T. and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Cantu, D. Rysewyk and Safa, I and Saffer, J. and Herrera, S. E. Sanchez and Sandrock, A. and Sandroos, J. and Santander, M. and Sarkar, S. and Sarkar, S. and Satalecka, K. and Schaufel, M. and Schieler, H. and Schindler, S. and Schmidt, T. and Schneider, A. and Schneider, J. and Schroeder, F. G. and Schumacher, L. and Schwefer, G. and Sclafani, S. and Seckel, D. and Seunarine, S. and Sharma, A. and Shefali, S. and Silva, M. and Skrzypek, B. and Smithers, B. and Snihur, R. and Soedingrekso, J. and Soldin, D. and Spannfellner, C. and Spiczak, G. M. and Spiering, C. and Stachurska, J. and Stamatikos, M. and Stanev, T. and Stein, R. and Stettner, J. and Steuer, A. and Stezelberger, T. and Stuerwald, T. and Stuttard, T. and Sullivan, G. W. and Taboada, I and Ter-Antonyan, S. and Tilav, S. and Tischbein, F. and Tollefson, K. and Tonnis, C. and Toscano, S. and Tosi, D. and Trettin, A. and Tselengidou, M. and Tung, C. F. and Turcati, A. and Turcotte, R. and Turley, C. F. and Twagirayezu, J. P. and Ty, B. and Elorrieta, M. A. Unland and Valtonen-Mattila, N. and Vandenbroucke, J. and van Eijndhoven, N. and Vannerom, D. and van Santen, J. and Verpoest, Stef and Walck, C. and Watson, T. B. and Weaver, C. and Weigel, P. and Weindl, A. and Weiss, M. J. and Weldert, J. and Wendt, C. and Werthebach, J. and Weyrauch, M. and Whitehorn, N. and Wiebusch, C. H. and Williams, D. R. and Wolf, M. and Woschnagg, K. and Wrede, G. and Wulff, J. and Xu, X. W. and Yanez, J. P. and Yoshida, S. and Yu, S. and Yuan, T. and Zhang, Z. and Zhelnin, P.}},
  issn         = {{2470-0010}},
  journal      = {{PHYSICAL REVIEW D}},
  keywords     = {{NEUTRINOS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{10}},
  title        = {{Search for GeV-scale dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube DeepCore}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.105.062004}},
  volume       = {{105}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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