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Spatialization in working memory and its relation to math anxiety

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Abstract
Working memory (WM) is one of the most important cognitive functions that may play a role in the relation between math anxiety (MA) and math performance. The processing efficiency theory proposes that rumination and worrisome thoughts (induced by MA) result in less available WM resources (which are needed to solve math problems). At the same time, high MA individuals have lower verbal and spatial WM capacity in general. Extending these findings, we found that MA is also linked to the spatial coding of serial order in verbal WM: subjects who organize sequences from left-to-right in verbal WM show lower levels of MA compared with those who do not spatialize. Furthermore, these spatial coders have higher verbal WM capacity, better numerical order judgment abilities, and higher math scores. These findings suggest that spatially structuring the verbal mind is a promising cognitive correlate of MA and opens new avenues for exploring causal links between elementary cognitive processes and MA.
Keywords
History and Philosophy of Science, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Neuroscience, OPE, math anxiety, working memory, order processing, SERIAL-ORDER, ARITHMETIC PERFORMANCE, SCALE AMAS, SPACE, INFORMATION, EXPLICIT

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MLA
van Dijck, Jean-Philippe, et al. “Spatialization in Working Memory and Its Relation to Math Anxiety.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, vol. 1512, no. 1, 2022, pp. 192–202, doi:10.1111/nyas.14765.
APA
van Dijck, J.-P., Fias, W., & Cipora, K. (2022). Spatialization in working memory and its relation to math anxiety. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 1512(1), 192–202. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14765
Chicago author-date
Dijck, Jean-Philippe van, Wim Fias, and Krzysztof Cipora. 2022. “Spatialization in Working Memory and Its Relation to Math Anxiety.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 1512 (1): 192–202. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14765.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van Dijck, Jean-Philippe, Wim Fias, and Krzysztof Cipora. 2022. “Spatialization in Working Memory and Its Relation to Math Anxiety.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 1512 (1): 192–202. doi:10.1111/nyas.14765.
Vancouver
1.
van Dijck J-P, Fias W, Cipora K. Spatialization in working memory and its relation to math anxiety. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. 2022;1512(1):192–202.
IEEE
[1]
J.-P. van Dijck, W. Fias, and K. Cipora, “Spatialization in working memory and its relation to math anxiety,” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, vol. 1512, no. 1, pp. 192–202, 2022.
@article{8755880,
  abstract     = {{Working memory (WM) is one of the most important cognitive functions that may play a role in the relation between math anxiety (MA) and math performance. The processing efficiency theory proposes that rumination and worrisome thoughts (induced by MA) result in less available WM resources (which are needed to solve math problems). At the same time, high MA individuals have lower verbal and spatial WM capacity in general. Extending these findings, we found that MA is also linked to the spatial coding of serial order in verbal WM: subjects who organize sequences from left-to-right in verbal WM show lower levels of MA compared with those who do not spatialize. Furthermore, these spatial coders have higher verbal WM capacity, better numerical order judgment abilities, and higher math scores. These findings suggest that spatially structuring the verbal mind is a promising cognitive correlate of MA and opens new avenues for exploring causal links between elementary cognitive processes and MA.}},
  author       = {{van Dijck, Jean-Philippe and Fias, Wim and Cipora, Krzysztof}},
  issn         = {{0077-8923}},
  journal      = {{ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES}},
  keywords     = {{History and Philosophy of Science,General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology,General Neuroscience,OPE,math anxiety,working memory,order processing,SERIAL-ORDER,ARITHMETIC PERFORMANCE,SCALE AMAS,SPACE,INFORMATION,EXPLICIT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{192--202}},
  title        = {{Spatialization in working memory and its relation to math anxiety}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14765}},
  volume       = {{1512}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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