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Exploring the effects of mobility and foreign nationality on internal career progression in universities

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Abstract
This article explores how organizational mobility and foreign nationality affect a researcher's chances of an internal career promotion in university systems that do not have rules preventing inbreeding and where teaching occurs mostly not in English but a local language. As a case study, we have examined the Flemish university system, the Dutch speaking part of Belgium, and developed expectations on the chances of promotion for mobile and foreign researchers compared to non-mobile and nationals. We use data for all postdoctoral and professorial staff between 1991 and 2017, for a total of 14,135 scientists. We calculated the chances of promotion with a competing risk model to take time into account and to disentangle the probability of two mutually exclusive risk events: promotion and leaving the university. The results show that international mobility and foreign nationality reduced the chances of promotion in the same university, and that mobile and foreign scientists were also more likely to leave any given university. These effects were particularly strong at an early stage: in the study period, 21.9% of non-mobile national postdocs became professor compared to just 1.2% of internationally mobile foreigners. These results would suggest that internationally mobile and foreign scientists struggle to advance in universities that lack rules preventing inbreeding and with little opportunity to teach in English.
Keywords
Output ECOOM UGent, Education, HRRF, PhD holders, Doctoraathouders, Academic career, Academische loopbaan, International researchers, Internationale onderzoekers, Onderzoeksloopbaan, International mobility, Promoveren

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MLA
Seeber, Marco, et al. “Exploring the Effects of Mobility and Foreign Nationality on Internal Career Progression in Universities.” HIGHER EDUCATION, 2022, doi:10.1007/s10734-022-00878-w.
APA
Seeber, M., Debacker, N., Meoli, M., & Vandevelde, K. (2022). Exploring the effects of mobility and foreign nationality on internal career progression in universities. HIGHER EDUCATION. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-022-00878-w
Chicago author-date
Seeber, Marco, Noëmi Debacker, Michele Meoli, and Karen Vandevelde. 2022. “Exploring the Effects of Mobility and Foreign Nationality on Internal Career Progression in Universities.” HIGHER EDUCATION. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-022-00878-w.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Seeber, Marco, Noëmi Debacker, Michele Meoli, and Karen Vandevelde. 2022. “Exploring the Effects of Mobility and Foreign Nationality on Internal Career Progression in Universities.” HIGHER EDUCATION. doi:10.1007/s10734-022-00878-w.
Vancouver
1.
Seeber M, Debacker N, Meoli M, Vandevelde K. Exploring the effects of mobility and foreign nationality on internal career progression in universities. HIGHER EDUCATION. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
M. Seeber, N. Debacker, M. Meoli, and K. Vandevelde, “Exploring the effects of mobility and foreign nationality on internal career progression in universities,” HIGHER EDUCATION, 2022.
@article{8755693,
  abstract     = {{This article explores how organizational mobility and foreign nationality affect a researcher's chances of an internal career promotion in university systems that do not have rules preventing inbreeding and where teaching occurs mostly not in English but a local language. As a case study, we have examined the Flemish university system, the Dutch speaking part of Belgium, and developed expectations on the chances of promotion for mobile and foreign researchers compared to non-mobile and nationals. We use data for all postdoctoral and professorial staff between 1991 and 2017, for a total of 14,135 scientists. We calculated the chances of promotion with a competing risk model to take time into account and to disentangle the probability of two mutually exclusive risk events: promotion and leaving the university. The results show that international mobility and foreign nationality reduced the chances of promotion in the same university, and that mobile and foreign scientists were also more likely to leave any given university. These effects were particularly strong at an early stage: in the study period, 21.9% of non-mobile national postdocs became professor compared to just 1.2% of internationally mobile foreigners. These results would suggest that internationally mobile and foreign scientists struggle to advance in universities that lack rules preventing inbreeding and with little opportunity to teach in English.}},
  author       = {{Seeber, Marco and Debacker, Noëmi and Meoli, Michele and Vandevelde, Karen}},
  issn         = {{0018-1560}},
  journal      = {{HIGHER EDUCATION}},
  keywords     = {{Output ECOOM UGent,Education,HRRF,PhD holders,Doctoraathouders,Academic career,Academische loopbaan,International researchers,Internationale onderzoekers,Onderzoeksloopbaan,International mobility,Promoveren}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{Exploring the effects of mobility and foreign nationality on internal career progression in universities}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-022-00878-w}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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