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Social determinants of the mental health of young migrants

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Abstract
Background: Young migrants face particular risks to develop mental health problems. Discrimination and social support impact mental health, yet little is known about the differential impact thereof on mental health in newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants. Aim: This study sheds light on mental health (posttraumatic stress, behavioral problems, hyperactivity, emotional distress, peer relationship problems, prosocial behavior) and the overall well-being of newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants. Furthermore, the impact of social support and discrimination on mental health is investigated. Method: Descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) were applied to analyze responses of 2,320 adolescents through self-report questionnaires in Finland, Sweden, and the UK. Results: Newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants have different psychological profiles. While newcomers suffer more from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and peer problems, non-newcomers and non-migrants report more hyperactivity. Discrimination strongly threatens all mental health dimensions, while support from family serves as a protective factor. Support from friends has a positive impact on PTSD among newcomers. Limitations: As this study has a cross-sectional design, conclusions about causality cannot be drawn. In addition, history of traumatic life events or migration trajectory was lacking, while it may impact mental health. Conclusion: Different mental health profiles of newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants point to the need for a tailored and diversified approach. Discrimination remains a risk factor for mental health, while family support is a protective factor for adolescents. Interventions that foster social support from friends would be especially beneficial for newcomers.
Keywords
Psychiatry and Mental health, Clinical Psychology, migration, mental health, newcomer, discrimination, social support, PERCEIVED ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE, EMOTIONAL DISTRESS, FOLLOW-UP, SUPPORT, REFUGEE, STRESS, BEHAVIORS

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MLA
Verelst, An, et al. “Social Determinants of the Mental Health of Young Migrants.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 29, no. 1, 2022, pp. 61–73, doi:10.1027/2512-8442/a000097.
APA
Verelst, A., Spaas, C., Pfeiffer, E., Devlieger, I., Kankaapää, R., Peltonen, K., … Derluyn, I. (2022). Social determinants of the mental health of young migrants. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, 29(1), 61–73. https://doi.org/10.1027/2512-8442/a000097
Chicago author-date
Verelst, An, Caroline Spaas, Elisa Pfeiffer, Ines Devlieger, Reeta Kankaapää, Kirsi Peltonen, Mervi Vänskä, et al. 2022. “Social Determinants of the Mental Health of Young Migrants.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY 29 (1): 61–73. https://doi.org/10.1027/2512-8442/a000097.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verelst, An, Caroline Spaas, Elisa Pfeiffer, Ines Devlieger, Reeta Kankaapää, Kirsi Peltonen, Mervi Vänskä, Emma Soye, Charles Watters, Fatumo Osman, Natalie Durbeej, Anna Sarkadi, Arnfinn Andersen, Nina Langer Primdahl, and Ilse Derluyn. 2022. “Social Determinants of the Mental Health of Young Migrants.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY 29 (1): 61–73. doi:10.1027/2512-8442/a000097.
Vancouver
1.
Verelst A, Spaas C, Pfeiffer E, Devlieger I, Kankaapää R, Peltonen K, et al. Social determinants of the mental health of young migrants. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. 2022;29(1):61–73.
IEEE
[1]
A. Verelst et al., “Social determinants of the mental health of young migrants,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 61–73, 2022.
@article{8755309,
  abstract     = {{Background: Young migrants face particular risks to develop mental health problems. Discrimination and social support impact mental health, yet little is known about the differential impact thereof on mental health in newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants. Aim: This study sheds light on mental health (posttraumatic stress, behavioral problems, hyperactivity, emotional distress, peer relationship problems, prosocial behavior) and the overall well-being of newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants. Furthermore, the impact of social support and discrimination on mental health is investigated. Method: Descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) were applied to analyze responses of 2,320 adolescents through self-report questionnaires in Finland, Sweden, and the UK. Results: Newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants have different psychological profiles. While newcomers suffer more from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and peer problems, non-newcomers and non-migrants report more hyperactivity. Discrimination strongly threatens all mental health dimensions, while support from family serves as a protective factor. Support from friends has a positive impact on PTSD among newcomers. Limitations: As this study has a cross-sectional design, conclusions about causality cannot be drawn. In addition, history of traumatic life events or migration trajectory was lacking, while it may impact mental health. Conclusion: Different mental health profiles of newcomers, non-newcomer migrants, and non-migrants point to the need for a tailored and diversified approach. Discrimination remains a risk factor for mental health, while family support is a protective factor for adolescents. Interventions that foster social support from friends would be especially beneficial for newcomers.}},
  author       = {{Verelst, An and Spaas, Caroline and Pfeiffer, Elisa and Devlieger, Ines and Kankaapää, Reeta and Peltonen, Kirsi and Vänskä, Mervi and Soye, Emma and Watters, Charles and Osman, Fatumo and Durbeej, Natalie and Sarkadi, Anna and Andersen, Arnfinn and Primdahl, Nina Langer and Derluyn, Ilse}},
  issn         = {{2512-8442}},
  journal      = {{EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Psychiatry and Mental health,Clinical Psychology,migration,mental health,newcomer,discrimination,social support,PERCEIVED ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION,PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE,EMOTIONAL DISTRESS,FOLLOW-UP,SUPPORT,REFUGEE,STRESS,BEHAVIORS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{61--73}},
  title        = {{Social determinants of the mental health of young migrants}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/2512-8442/a000097}},
  volume       = {{29}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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