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Characterisation of two wood-waste and coffee bean husk biochars for the removal of micropollutants from water

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Abstract
The inclusion of bioaugmented low-cost biochar in current wastewater treatment technologies is a promising way to enhance the removal and degradation of emerging contaminants. In this paper, the properties of two wood waste biochars (wood waste mix - AB, and date palm fiber wood - PDF), and coffee bean husks (COF), produced at four temperatures (350, 450, 500, 550 degrees C) were compared, and investigated in the presence of Geobacter sulfurreducens or a mixed freshwater stream bacterial culture to understand their potential for the adsorption and biotransformation of two types of pesticides (thiacloprid, pirimicarb), and two pharmaceuticals (ibuprofen, diclofenac). Biochar yield was similar for all three biochars and ranged between 30 and 35%. The ash content of PDF and COF was significantly higher than AB. pH and electrical conductivity (EC) were initially high for COF (pH: 7.4-8; EC: 3-4.27 mS/cm) and PDF (pH: 7.7-10.1; EC: 4-6.24 mS/cm) after 24 h, but stabilized at neutral pH and <0.5 mS/cm EC after additional washes. COF and AB did not leach high concentrations of chloride (<10 mg/L), nitrate (<1 mg/L), nor sulphate (<76 mg/L), this in contrast to date palm fiber wood (PDF) with 1760 mg/L Cl- (550 degrees C), and 846 mg/L sulphate (350 degrees C). Lower pyrolysis temperatures reduced leachable anions. The biochars were highly (ultra)microporous with little meso- and macroporosity. The adsorption experiments showed that AB and COF biochars were both suited to sorb more than 90% of the initially spiked 10 ppm pirimicarb, AB removed 50.2% of the initial diclofenac concentration compared to only 5% for the no-biochar control, and both biochars could remove about 55% of the initially spiked thiacloprid, and 40% of the ibuprofen. In the presence of a mixed culture, on average 30% more thiacloprid and ibuprofen was removed from the supernatant by AB and COF than the sterile control. This work shows that selected wood-waste feedstocks and low pyrolysis temperature can produce environmentally-safe biochars that have suitable characteristics to sorb emergent pollutants from water. These materials could be further studied in multi-pollution sorption/competition experiments, and in larger environmental wastewater treatment systems.
Keywords
biochar, diclofenac, pirimicarb, ibuprofen, thiacloprid, microbial electrochemical technologies, MICROBIAL ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS, TRACE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, ACTIVATED CARBONS, ADSORPTION, DICLOFENAC, PHARMACEUTICALS, DEGRADATION, PHOTODEGRADATION, NANOFILTRATION

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MLA
Van Limbergen, Thessa, et al. “Characterisation of Two Wood-Waste and Coffee Bean Husk Biochars for the Removal of Micropollutants from Water.” FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, vol. 10, 2022, doi:10.3389/fenvs.2022.814267.
APA
Van Limbergen, T., Roegiers, I., Bonne, R., Mare, F., Haeldermans, T., Joos, B., … Thijs, S. (2022). Characterisation of two wood-waste and coffee bean husk biochars for the removal of micropollutants from water. FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2022.814267
Chicago author-date
Van Limbergen, Thessa, Inez Roegiers, Robin Bonne, Federica Mare, Tom Haeldermans, Bjorn Joos, Olivier Nouwen, Jean V. Manca, Jaco Vangronsveld, and Sofie Thijs. 2022. “Characterisation of Two Wood-Waste and Coffee Bean Husk Biochars for the Removal of Micropollutants from Water.” FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2022.814267.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Limbergen, Thessa, Inez Roegiers, Robin Bonne, Federica Mare, Tom Haeldermans, Bjorn Joos, Olivier Nouwen, Jean V. Manca, Jaco Vangronsveld, and Sofie Thijs. 2022. “Characterisation of Two Wood-Waste and Coffee Bean Husk Biochars for the Removal of Micropollutants from Water.” FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 10. doi:10.3389/fenvs.2022.814267.
Vancouver
1.
Van Limbergen T, Roegiers I, Bonne R, Mare F, Haeldermans T, Joos B, et al. Characterisation of two wood-waste and coffee bean husk biochars for the removal of micropollutants from water. FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. 2022;10.
IEEE
[1]
T. Van Limbergen et al., “Characterisation of two wood-waste and coffee bean husk biochars for the removal of micropollutants from water,” FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, vol. 10, 2022.
@article{8755239,
  abstract     = {{The inclusion of bioaugmented low-cost biochar in current wastewater treatment technologies is a promising way to enhance the removal and degradation of emerging contaminants. In this paper, the properties of two wood waste biochars (wood waste mix - AB, and date palm fiber wood - PDF), and coffee bean husks (COF), produced at four temperatures (350, 450, 500, 550 degrees C) were compared, and investigated in the presence of Geobacter sulfurreducens or a mixed freshwater stream bacterial culture to understand their potential for the adsorption and biotransformation of two types of pesticides (thiacloprid, pirimicarb), and two pharmaceuticals (ibuprofen, diclofenac). Biochar yield was similar for all three biochars and ranged between 30 and 35%. The ash content of PDF and COF was significantly higher than AB. pH and electrical conductivity (EC) were initially high for COF (pH: 7.4-8; EC: 3-4.27 mS/cm) and PDF (pH: 7.7-10.1; EC: 4-6.24 mS/cm) after 24 h, but stabilized at neutral pH and <0.5 mS/cm EC after additional washes. COF and AB did not leach high concentrations of chloride (<10 mg/L), nitrate (<1 mg/L), nor sulphate (<76 mg/L), this in contrast to date palm fiber wood (PDF) with 1760 mg/L Cl- (550 degrees C), and 846 mg/L sulphate (350 degrees C). Lower pyrolysis temperatures reduced leachable anions. The biochars were highly (ultra)microporous with little meso- and macroporosity. The adsorption experiments showed that AB and COF biochars were both suited to sorb more than 90% of the initially spiked 10 ppm pirimicarb, AB removed 50.2% of the initial diclofenac concentration compared to only 5% for the no-biochar control, and both biochars could remove about 55% of the initially spiked thiacloprid, and 40% of the ibuprofen. In the presence of a mixed culture, on average 30% more thiacloprid and ibuprofen was removed from the supernatant by AB and COF than the sterile control. This work shows that selected wood-waste feedstocks and low pyrolysis temperature can produce environmentally-safe biochars that have suitable characteristics to sorb emergent pollutants from water. These materials could be further studied in multi-pollution sorption/competition experiments, and in larger environmental wastewater treatment systems.}},
  articleno    = {{814267}},
  author       = {{Van Limbergen, Thessa and Roegiers, Inez and Bonne, Robin and Mare, Federica and Haeldermans, Tom and Joos, Bjorn and Nouwen, Olivier and Manca, Jean V. and Vangronsveld, Jaco and Thijs, Sofie}},
  issn         = {{2296-665X}},
  journal      = {{FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{biochar,diclofenac,pirimicarb,ibuprofen,thiacloprid,microbial electrochemical technologies,MICROBIAL ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS,TRACE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS,LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY,ACTIVATED CARBONS,ADSORPTION,DICLOFENAC,PHARMACEUTICALS,DEGRADATION,PHOTODEGRADATION,NANOFILTRATION}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{Characterisation of two wood-waste and coffee bean husk biochars for the removal of micropollutants from water}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2022.814267}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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