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Material flow analysis and resource recovery potential analysis of selected fruit, vegetable and nut waste in Kenya

Benson Dulo (UGent) , John Githaiga, Katleen Raes (UGent) and Steven De Meester (UGent)
(2022) WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION. 13(8). p.3671-3687
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Abstract
In Kenya, agriculture is an important economic activity, which implies that a significant amount of bio-waste is generated. This is on one hand a waste management problem, but on the other hand, it is an opportunity for creating a sustainable bioeconomy. Therefore, this study investigates the potential recovery of bioresources from Kenyan bio-waste. The study first quantifies occurrence, current usage and disposal of three selected biomass types, being banana, Irish potato and coconut waste. Next, material flow analysis is used to systematically track the mass flow of these wastes. Finally, the potential of biomolecules, biomaterials and bioenergy from the waste streams is evaluated. The study revealed that about 6007, 426 and 50 kt of banana, Irish potato and coconut biomass is wasted. All these wastes can be biorefined, offering potential towards recovery of; flavonoids (74 kt), starch (377 kt), cellulose (2001 kt) and biogas (1757 GWh), being the total potential of the main bioresources from the three waste streams. The study therefore, concluded that, with proper waste collection, sorting and valorisation, there is a huge potential for bioeconomy in Kenya, at the same time reducing waste management problems.
Keywords
Kenyan bio-waste, Valorisation, Banana, Coconut, Potato, Material flow analysis, FOOD WASTE, BIOETHANOL

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MLA
Dulo, Benson, et al. “Material Flow Analysis and Resource Recovery Potential Analysis of Selected Fruit, Vegetable and Nut Waste in Kenya.” WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION, vol. 13, no. 8, 2022, pp. 3671–87, doi:10.1007/s12649-022-01751-8.
APA
Dulo, B., Githaiga, J., Raes, K., & De Meester, S. (2022). Material flow analysis and resource recovery potential analysis of selected fruit, vegetable and nut waste in Kenya. WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION, 13(8), 3671–3687. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-022-01751-8
Chicago author-date
Dulo, Benson, John Githaiga, Katleen Raes, and Steven De Meester. 2022. “Material Flow Analysis and Resource Recovery Potential Analysis of Selected Fruit, Vegetable and Nut Waste in Kenya.” WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION 13 (8): 3671–87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-022-01751-8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dulo, Benson, John Githaiga, Katleen Raes, and Steven De Meester. 2022. “Material Flow Analysis and Resource Recovery Potential Analysis of Selected Fruit, Vegetable and Nut Waste in Kenya.” WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION 13 (8): 3671–3687. doi:10.1007/s12649-022-01751-8.
Vancouver
1.
Dulo B, Githaiga J, Raes K, De Meester S. Material flow analysis and resource recovery potential analysis of selected fruit, vegetable and nut waste in Kenya. WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION. 2022;13(8):3671–87.
IEEE
[1]
B. Dulo, J. Githaiga, K. Raes, and S. De Meester, “Material flow analysis and resource recovery potential analysis of selected fruit, vegetable and nut waste in Kenya,” WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 3671–3687, 2022.
@article{8754676,
  abstract     = {{In Kenya, agriculture is an important economic activity, which implies that a significant amount of bio-waste is generated. This is on one hand a waste management problem, but on the other hand, it is an opportunity for creating a sustainable bioeconomy. Therefore, this study investigates the potential recovery of bioresources from Kenyan bio-waste. The study first quantifies occurrence, current usage and disposal of three selected biomass types, being banana, Irish potato and coconut waste. Next, material flow analysis is used to systematically track the mass flow of these wastes. Finally, the potential of biomolecules, biomaterials and bioenergy from the waste streams is evaluated. The study revealed that about 6007, 426 and 50 kt of banana, Irish potato and coconut biomass is wasted. All these wastes can be biorefined, offering potential towards recovery of; flavonoids (74 kt), starch (377 kt), cellulose (2001 kt) and biogas (1757 GWh), being the total potential of the main bioresources from the three waste streams. The study therefore, concluded that, with proper waste collection, sorting and valorisation, there is a huge potential for bioeconomy in Kenya, at the same time reducing waste management problems.}},
  author       = {{Dulo, Benson and Githaiga, John and Raes, Katleen and De Meester, Steven}},
  issn         = {{1877-2641}},
  journal      = {{WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION}},
  keywords     = {{Kenyan bio-waste,Valorisation,Banana,Coconut,Potato,Material flow analysis,FOOD WASTE,BIOETHANOL}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{8}},
  pages        = {{3671--3687}},
  title        = {{Material flow analysis and resource recovery potential analysis of selected fruit, vegetable and nut waste in Kenya}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12649-022-01751-8}},
  volume       = {{13}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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