Advanced search
1 file | 1.79 MB Add to list

Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions? Evidence from a field experiment in rural Ethiopia

Author
Organization
Abstract
Using a randomized experimental design, real-time electronic stove surface temperature measurements and controlled cooking tests, we estimate fuelwood and CO2 savings from an improved cookstove (ICS) program in rural Ethiopia. Cooking uses a majority of the fuelwood in the country and therefore is a critical determinant of greenhouse gas emissions. Estimating fuelwood savings is therefore a key aspect of crediting ICS climate change benefits. Our findings suggest that the Mirt injera stove saves a substantial amount of fuelwood. Using a relatively low estimate of percentage of nonrenewable biomass, on average one Mirt stove avoids the burning of approximately 634 kg of fuelwood per year and sequesters an additional 0.65 tons of CO2, which is about one-third of previous estimates. The U.S. Interagency Working Group (2013) 2015–2019 estimate for the global social cost of carbon of $44.00 per ton implies annual global benefits from reduced fuelwood burning of $28.60 per stove per year, which substantially exceeds the $12.00 initial cost of the stove. As the global benefit is much greater than the cost, which is borne entirely by Ethiopia, international transfers would be warranted to support expansion of Mirt adoption.
Keywords
Improved biomass cookstoves, Controlled cooking test, Avoided carbon emissions, Ethiopia, SAVINGS, FORESTS, DEMAND

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.79 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Mekonnen, Alemu, et al. “Do Improved Biomass Cookstoves Reduce Fuelwood Consumption and Carbon Emissions? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural Ethiopia.” ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, vol. 198, 2022, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107467.
APA
Mekonnen, A., Beyene, A., Bluffstone, R., Gebreegziabher, Z., Martinsson, P., Toman, M., & Vieider, F. (2022). Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions? Evidence from a field experiment in rural Ethiopia. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, 198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107467
Chicago author-date
Mekonnen, Alemu, Abebe Beyene, Randy Bluffstone, Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Peter Martinsson, Michael Toman, and Ferdinand Vieider. 2022. “Do Improved Biomass Cookstoves Reduce Fuelwood Consumption and Carbon Emissions? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural Ethiopia.” ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS 198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107467.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mekonnen, Alemu, Abebe Beyene, Randy Bluffstone, Zenebe Gebreegziabher, Peter Martinsson, Michael Toman, and Ferdinand Vieider. 2022. “Do Improved Biomass Cookstoves Reduce Fuelwood Consumption and Carbon Emissions? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural Ethiopia.” ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS 198. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107467.
Vancouver
1.
Mekonnen A, Beyene A, Bluffstone R, Gebreegziabher Z, Martinsson P, Toman M, et al. Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions? Evidence from a field experiment in rural Ethiopia. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS. 2022;198.
IEEE
[1]
A. Mekonnen et al., “Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions? Evidence from a field experiment in rural Ethiopia,” ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, vol. 198, 2022.
@article{8753707,
  abstract     = {{Using a randomized experimental design, real-time electronic stove surface temperature measurements and controlled cooking tests, we estimate fuelwood and CO2 savings from an improved cookstove (ICS) program in rural Ethiopia. Cooking uses a majority of the fuelwood in the country and therefore is a critical determinant of greenhouse gas emissions. Estimating fuelwood savings is therefore a key aspect of crediting ICS climate change benefits. Our findings suggest that the Mirt injera stove saves a substantial amount of fuelwood. Using a relatively low estimate of percentage of nonrenewable biomass, on average one Mirt stove avoids the burning of approximately 634 kg of fuelwood per year and sequesters an additional 0.65 tons of CO2, which is about one-third of previous estimates. The U.S. Interagency Working Group (2013) 2015–2019 estimate for the global social cost of carbon of $44.00 per ton implies annual global benefits from reduced fuelwood burning of $28.60 per stove per year, which substantially exceeds the $12.00 initial cost of the stove. As the global benefit is much greater than the cost, which is borne entirely by Ethiopia, international transfers would be warranted to support expansion of Mirt adoption.}},
  articleno    = {{107467}},
  author       = {{Mekonnen, Alemu and Beyene, Abebe and Bluffstone, Randy and Gebreegziabher, Zenebe and Martinsson, Peter and Toman, Michael and Vieider, Ferdinand}},
  issn         = {{0921-8009}},
  journal      = {{ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS}},
  keywords     = {{Improved biomass cookstoves,Controlled cooking test,Avoided carbon emissions,Ethiopia,SAVINGS,FORESTS,DEMAND}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  title        = {{Do improved biomass cookstoves reduce fuelwood consumption and carbon emissions? Evidence from a field experiment in rural Ethiopia}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107467}},
  volume       = {{198}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: