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Effect of tasting and flavour on chocolate-evoked emotions by consumers

Sara De Pelsmaeker (UGent) , Xavier Gellynck (UGent) , Koen Dewettinck (UGent) and Joachim Schouteten (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Purpose There is a growing interest in measuring emotions evoked by food products to gain additional insights in how consumers perceive and choose food products. The aim of this study was to investigate if consumers' emotions are influenced by flavour, gender, consumption habits, actual tasting or consumer attitude towards a product. Chocolate was chosen as the product under study as its consumption is associated with evoking several emotions. Design/methodology/approach During a between-subjects experiment at a local food fair, consumers (n = 910) evaluated either the name "chocolate", plain dark chocolate or raspberry flavoured dark chocolate. Participants rated the intensity of 24 emotions and answered the 24 statements of the Attitude to Chocolate Questionnaire. Findings The results showed that sensory characteristics have a significant influence on the emotional profiles whereas no difference was found between tasting and not tasting. Gender and prior liking had little to no influence. Finally, the results suggested that consumption frequency and attitudes towards chocolate did have an influence on the emotional profiles. Practical implications The results show that producers should try to evoke positive emotions which could be emphasised through marketing. Gender differences for emotional profiling advocate that future research should not only analyse global results but also separately analyse by gender. Moreover, usage frequency and attitudes towards chocolate had an impact on the emotions meaning that future research should consider those when setting up research. Originality/value This study further contributes to the growing literature on emotions. It examines the added value of actual tasting chocolate while prior research focuses either just names or just sensory evaluation. Also, this paper further explores to which extent flavour, gender, consumption habits and attitude impact the emotional associations of chocolate.
Keywords
FOOD CHOICE, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, CONSUMPTION CONTEXTS, ESSENSE, PROFILE(R), ATTITUDES, LIKING, MOOD, QUESTIONNAIRE, PREFERENCES, RESPONSES, Chocolate, Consumer, Sensory evaluation, Emotion, Gender, Tasting, Attitude

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MLA
De Pelsmaeker, Sara, et al. “Effect of Tasting and Flavour on Chocolate-Evoked Emotions by Consumers.” BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL, 2022, doi:10.1108/BFJ-07-2021-0834.
APA
De Pelsmaeker, S., Gellynck, X., Dewettinck, K., & Schouteten, J. (2022). Effect of tasting and flavour on chocolate-evoked emotions by consumers. BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-07-2021-0834
Chicago author-date
De Pelsmaeker, Sara, Xavier Gellynck, Koen Dewettinck, and Joachim Schouteten. 2022. “Effect of Tasting and Flavour on Chocolate-Evoked Emotions by Consumers.” BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-07-2021-0834.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Pelsmaeker, Sara, Xavier Gellynck, Koen Dewettinck, and Joachim Schouteten. 2022. “Effect of Tasting and Flavour on Chocolate-Evoked Emotions by Consumers.” BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL. doi:10.1108/BFJ-07-2021-0834.
Vancouver
1.
De Pelsmaeker S, Gellynck X, Dewettinck K, Schouteten J. Effect of tasting and flavour on chocolate-evoked emotions by consumers. BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
S. De Pelsmaeker, X. Gellynck, K. Dewettinck, and J. Schouteten, “Effect of tasting and flavour on chocolate-evoked emotions by consumers,” BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL, 2022.
@article{8752450,
  abstract     = {{Purpose There is a growing interest in measuring emotions evoked by food products to gain additional insights in how consumers perceive and choose food products. The aim of this study was to investigate if consumers' emotions are influenced by flavour, gender, consumption habits, actual tasting or consumer attitude towards a product. Chocolate was chosen as the product under study as its consumption is associated with evoking several emotions. Design/methodology/approach During a between-subjects experiment at a local food fair, consumers (n = 910) evaluated either the name "chocolate", plain dark chocolate or raspberry flavoured dark chocolate. Participants rated the intensity of 24 emotions and answered the 24 statements of the Attitude to Chocolate Questionnaire. Findings The results showed that sensory characteristics have a significant influence on the emotional profiles whereas no difference was found between tasting and not tasting. Gender and prior liking had little to no influence. Finally, the results suggested that consumption frequency and attitudes towards chocolate did have an influence on the emotional profiles. Practical implications The results show that producers should try to evoke positive emotions which could be emphasised through marketing. Gender differences for emotional profiling advocate that future research should not only analyse global results but also separately analyse by gender. Moreover, usage frequency and attitudes towards chocolate had an impact on the emotions meaning that future research should consider those when setting up research. Originality/value This study further contributes to the growing literature on emotions. It examines the added value of actual tasting chocolate while prior research focuses either just names or just sensory evaluation. Also, this paper further explores to which extent flavour, gender, consumption habits and attitude impact the emotional associations of chocolate.}},
  author       = {{De Pelsmaeker, Sara and Gellynck, Xavier and Dewettinck, Koen and Schouteten, Joachim}},
  issn         = {{0007-070X}},
  journal      = {{BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL}},
  keywords     = {{FOOD CHOICE,PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES,CONSUMPTION CONTEXTS,ESSENSE,PROFILE(R),ATTITUDES,LIKING,MOOD,QUESTIONNAIRE,PREFERENCES,RESPONSES,Chocolate,Consumer,Sensory evaluation,Emotion,Gender,Tasting,Attitude}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{Effect of tasting and flavour on chocolate-evoked emotions by consumers}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-07-2021-0834}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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