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Physicians’ experiences and perceptions of environmental factors affecting their practices of continuous deep sedation until death : a secondary qualitative analysis of an interview study

Stijn Vissers (UGent) , Sigrid Dierickx (UGent) , Lenzo Robijn (UGent) , Joachim Cohen (UGent) , Luc Deliens (UGent) , Freddy Mortier (UGent) and Kenneth Chambaere (UGent)
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Abstract
As previous research has paid little attention to environmental factors affecting the practice of continuous deep sedation until death (CDS), we aimed to explore these using physicians’ experiences and perceptions. We performed an interpretative thematic analysis of primary data from a qualitative interview study conducted from February to May 2019 in Belgium with 47 physicians. Structural factors were identified: the lack of professional and/or technical support in monitoring sedated patients; the use of guidelines in team contexts; the time constraints for treating individual patients and work pressure; the structural knowledge gap in medical education; the legal context for assisted dying; and the lack of a clear legal context for CDS. Cultural factors were identified: the moral reservations of care teams and/or institutions towards CDS; the presence of a palliative care culture within care teams and institutions; the culture of fear of making clinical errors regarding CDS among a group of physicians; the professional stigma of performing assisted dying among some of the physician population; the different understandings of CDS in medical and policy fields; and the societal taboo around suffering at the end of life and natural death. To conclude, improving CDS practice requires a whole-system approach considering environmental factors.
Keywords
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, physicians, continuous deep sedation until death, environmental factors, palliative sedation, Belgium, culture, structure, CONTINUOUS PALLIATIVE SEDATION, GENERAL-PRACTITIONERS, NURSES EXPERIENCES, END, LIFE, EUTHANASIA, CARE, DETERMINANTS, PERSPECTIVES, NETHERLANDS

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MLA
Vissers, Stijn, et al. “Physicians’ Experiences and Perceptions of Environmental Factors Affecting Their Practices of Continuous Deep Sedation until Death : A Secondary Qualitative Analysis of an Interview Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 19, no. 9, 2022, doi:10.3390/ijerph19095472.
APA
Vissers, S., Dierickx, S., Robijn, L., Cohen, J., Deliens, L., Mortier, F., & Chambaere, K. (2022). Physicians’ experiences and perceptions of environmental factors affecting their practices of continuous deep sedation until death : a secondary qualitative analysis of an interview study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095472
Chicago author-date
Vissers, Stijn, Sigrid Dierickx, Lenzo Robijn, Joachim Cohen, Luc Deliens, Freddy Mortier, and Kenneth Chambaere. 2022. “Physicians’ Experiences and Perceptions of Environmental Factors Affecting Their Practices of Continuous Deep Sedation until Death : A Secondary Qualitative Analysis of an Interview Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095472.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vissers, Stijn, Sigrid Dierickx, Lenzo Robijn, Joachim Cohen, Luc Deliens, Freddy Mortier, and Kenneth Chambaere. 2022. “Physicians’ Experiences and Perceptions of Environmental Factors Affecting Their Practices of Continuous Deep Sedation until Death : A Secondary Qualitative Analysis of an Interview Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (9). doi:10.3390/ijerph19095472.
Vancouver
1.
Vissers S, Dierickx S, Robijn L, Cohen J, Deliens L, Mortier F, et al. Physicians’ experiences and perceptions of environmental factors affecting their practices of continuous deep sedation until death : a secondary qualitative analysis of an interview study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2022;19(9).
IEEE
[1]
S. Vissers et al., “Physicians’ experiences and perceptions of environmental factors affecting their practices of continuous deep sedation until death : a secondary qualitative analysis of an interview study,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 19, no. 9, 2022.
@article{8752183,
  abstract     = {{As previous research has paid little attention to environmental factors affecting the practice of continuous deep sedation until death (CDS), we aimed to explore these using physicians’ experiences and perceptions. We performed an interpretative thematic analysis of primary data from a qualitative interview study conducted from February to May 2019 in Belgium with 47 physicians. Structural factors were identified: the lack of professional and/or technical support in monitoring sedated patients; the use of guidelines in team contexts; the time constraints for treating individual patients and work pressure; the structural knowledge gap in medical education; the legal context for assisted dying; and the lack of a clear legal context for CDS. Cultural factors were identified: the moral reservations of care teams and/or institutions towards CDS; the presence of a palliative care culture within care teams and institutions; the culture of fear of making clinical errors regarding CDS among a group of physicians; the professional stigma of performing assisted dying among some of the physician population; the different understandings of CDS in medical and policy fields; and the societal taboo around suffering at the end of life and natural death. To conclude, improving CDS practice requires a whole-system approach considering environmental factors.}},
  articleno    = {{5472}},
  author       = {{Vissers, Stijn and Dierickx, Sigrid and Robijn, Lenzo and Cohen, Joachim and Deliens, Luc and Mortier, Freddy and Chambaere, Kenneth}},
  issn         = {{1660-4601}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH}},
  keywords     = {{Health,Toxicology and Mutagenesis,Public Health,Environmental and Occupational Health,physicians,continuous deep sedation until death,environmental factors,palliative sedation,Belgium,culture,structure,CONTINUOUS PALLIATIVE SEDATION,GENERAL-PRACTITIONERS,NURSES EXPERIENCES,END,LIFE,EUTHANASIA,CARE,DETERMINANTS,PERSPECTIVES,NETHERLANDS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{9}},
  pages        = {{16}},
  title        = {{Physicians’ experiences and perceptions of environmental factors affecting their practices of continuous deep sedation until death : a secondary qualitative analysis of an interview study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095472}},
  volume       = {{19}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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