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Embedding expertise for policy responses to COVID-19 : comparing decision-making structures in two federal democraties

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Abstract
The COVID-19 crisis focused attention on how experts from different scientific fields provided advice to governments through expert committees and task forces. We compared experiences in two federal democracies, Belgium and Australia, by applying a mixed methods approach (literature review, media review, policy documents analysis). This comparative study found that expertise was institutionalized in different ways and its processes and priorities shifted over time. The policy coordination challenges inherent in federalism were largely overcome in Australia through strongly embedded health advisory processes. In Belgium, the advisory process was less stable, with advisory councils being abandoned, replaced, expanded, or downgraded during the course of the crisis.
Keywords
Expertise - Advisory bodies - Decision-making - Policy-responses - Crisis - Covid-19

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MLA
Easton, Marleen, et al. “Embedding Expertise for Policy Responses to COVID-19 : Comparing Decision-Making Structures in Two Federal Democraties.” PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW, 2022, doi:10.1007/s11115-022-00629-6.
APA
Easton, M., De Paepe, J., Evans, P., Head, B. W., & Yarnold, J. (2022). Embedding expertise for policy responses to COVID-19 : comparing decision-making structures in two federal democraties. PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11115-022-00629-6
Chicago author-date
Easton, Marleen, Jasper De Paepe, Phoebe Evans, Brian W. Head, and Jennifer Yarnold. 2022. “Embedding Expertise for Policy Responses to COVID-19 : Comparing Decision-Making Structures in Two Federal Democraties.” PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11115-022-00629-6.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Easton, Marleen, Jasper De Paepe, Phoebe Evans, Brian W. Head, and Jennifer Yarnold. 2022. “Embedding Expertise for Policy Responses to COVID-19 : Comparing Decision-Making Structures in Two Federal Democraties.” PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW. doi:10.1007/s11115-022-00629-6.
Vancouver
1.
Easton M, De Paepe J, Evans P, Head BW, Yarnold J. Embedding expertise for policy responses to COVID-19 : comparing decision-making structures in two federal democraties. PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
M. Easton, J. De Paepe, P. Evans, B. W. Head, and J. Yarnold, “Embedding expertise for policy responses to COVID-19 : comparing decision-making structures in two federal democraties,” PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW, 2022.
@article{8752069,
  abstract     = {{The COVID-19 crisis focused attention on how experts from different scientific fields provided advice to governments through expert committees and task forces. We compared experiences in two federal democracies, Belgium and Australia, by applying a mixed methods approach (literature review, media review, policy documents analysis). This comparative study found that expertise was institutionalized in different ways and its processes and priorities shifted over time. The policy coordination challenges inherent in federalism were largely overcome in Australia through strongly embedded health advisory processes. In Belgium, the advisory process was less stable, with advisory councils being abandoned, replaced, expanded, or downgraded during the course of the crisis.}},
  author       = {{Easton, Marleen and De Paepe, Jasper and Evans, Phoebe and Head, Brian W. and Yarnold, Jennifer}},
  issn         = {{1566-7170}},
  journal      = {{PUBLIC ORGANIZATION REVIEW}},
  keywords     = {{Expertise - Advisory bodies - Decision-making - Policy-responses - Crisis - Covid-19}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{Embedding expertise for policy responses to COVID-19 : comparing decision-making structures in two federal democraties}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11115-022-00629-6}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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