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Testing an online program to foster need crafting during the COVID-19 pandemic

Nele Laporte (UGent) , Daphne van den Bogaard (UGent) , Katrijn Brenning (UGent) , Bart Soenens (UGent) and Maarten Vansteenkiste (UGent)
(2024) CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. 43. p.8557-8574
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Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a threat not only to individuals' physical health but also to their mental health. Self-Determination Theory assumes that the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence promotes psychological well-being during destabilizing times. Yet, the pandemic seriously hampered individuals' opportunities to satisfy their needs. The current study provides a preliminary test of the effectiveness of a 7-session online program, LifeCraft, that promotes individuals' proactive attempts to uplift their need-based experiences (i.e., need crafting). Next to the effects on individuals' need crafting skills, we examined program-effects on adults' need-based experiences and mental health and we explored the role of participants' program engagement. An experimental study among 725 Belgian adults [M-age = 51.67 (range = 26 - 85); 68.55% female] was conducted, with an experimental condition of 252 and a control condition of 473 participants. At the level of the entire sample, there was limited evidence for the effectiveness of the program. There were only small immediate program-effects on need crafting and well-being. After taking into account the role of program engagement, findings showed that the program was more beneficial for participants who actively participated, with these participants reporting immediate and stable increases in need crafting, need satisfaction and well-being and decreases in need frustration. Further, changes in need crafting fully mediated changes in need-based experiences and well-being. To conclude, the findings provide initial evidence for the effectiveness of LifeCraft during the COVID-19 pandemic, with active participation being a prerequisite for the program to be effective.
Keywords
General Psychology, COVID-19, Self-Determination Theory, Need Crafting, E-Health, Psychological Needs, Adults, MENTAL-HEALTH, IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS, PREVENTION PROGRAMS, INTERVENTION, SATISFACTION, ADOLESCENTS, DEPRESSION, CHILDREN, ANXIETY

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Citation

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MLA
Laporte, Nele, et al. “Testing an Online Program to Foster Need Crafting during the COVID-19 Pandemic.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, 2024, pp. 8557–74, doi:10.1007/s12144-022-03012-2.
APA
Laporte, N., van den Bogaard, D., Brenning, K., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2024). Testing an online program to foster need crafting during the COVID-19 pandemic. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, 43, 8557–8574. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03012-2
Chicago author-date
Laporte, Nele, Daphne van den Bogaard, Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2024. “Testing an Online Program to Foster Need Crafting during the COVID-19 Pandemic.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY 43: 8557–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03012-2.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Laporte, Nele, Daphne van den Bogaard, Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2024. “Testing an Online Program to Foster Need Crafting during the COVID-19 Pandemic.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY 43: 8557–8574. doi:10.1007/s12144-022-03012-2.
Vancouver
1.
Laporte N, van den Bogaard D, Brenning K, Soenens B, Vansteenkiste M. Testing an online program to foster need crafting during the COVID-19 pandemic. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. 2024;43:8557–74.
IEEE
[1]
N. Laporte, D. van den Bogaard, K. Brenning, B. Soenens, and M. Vansteenkiste, “Testing an online program to foster need crafting during the COVID-19 pandemic,” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 43, pp. 8557–8574, 2024.
@article{8749788,
  abstract     = {{The COVID-19 pandemic represents a threat not only to individuals' physical health but also to their mental health. Self-Determination Theory assumes that the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence promotes psychological well-being during destabilizing times. Yet, the pandemic seriously hampered individuals' opportunities to satisfy their needs. The current study provides a preliminary test of the effectiveness of a 7-session online program, LifeCraft, that promotes individuals' proactive attempts to uplift their need-based experiences (i.e., need crafting). Next to the effects on individuals' need crafting skills, we examined program-effects on adults' need-based experiences and mental health and we explored the role of participants' program engagement. An experimental study among 725 Belgian adults [M-age = 51.67 (range = 26 - 85); 68.55% female] was conducted, with an experimental condition of 252 and a control condition of 473 participants. At the level of the entire sample, there was limited evidence for the effectiveness of the program. There were only small immediate program-effects on need crafting and well-being. After taking into account the role of program engagement, findings showed that the program was more beneficial for participants who actively participated, with these participants reporting immediate and stable increases in need crafting, need satisfaction and well-being and decreases in need frustration. Further, changes in need crafting fully mediated changes in need-based experiences and well-being. To conclude, the findings provide initial evidence for the effectiveness of LifeCraft during the COVID-19 pandemic, with active participation being a prerequisite for the program to be effective.}},
  author       = {{Laporte, Nele and van den Bogaard, Daphne and Brenning, Katrijn and Soenens, Bart and Vansteenkiste, Maarten}},
  issn         = {{1046-1310}},
  journal      = {{CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{General Psychology,COVID-19,Self-Determination Theory,Need Crafting,E-Health,Psychological Needs,Adults,MENTAL-HEALTH,IMPLEMENTATION INTENTIONS,PREVENTION PROGRAMS,INTERVENTION,SATISFACTION,ADOLESCENTS,DEPRESSION,CHILDREN,ANXIETY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{8557--8574}},
  title        = {{Testing an online program to foster need crafting during the COVID-19 pandemic}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03012-2}},
  volume       = {{43}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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