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Techno-economic analysis and optimal operation of a hydrogen refueling station providing frequency ancillary services

Akbar Dadkhah (UGent) , Dimitar Bozalakov (UGent) , Jeroen De Kooning (UGent) and Lieven Vandevelde (UGent)
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Abstract
Following the urgency of climate change issues, investments in renewable energy sources and electrification of the transportation sector have enormously increased to facilitate the transition to a more sustainable future. However, as renewable resources like wind parks are replacing conventional power plants, new balancing solutions are required to strengthen grid stability. As responsive loads with quick dynamics, electrolysers operating in HRSs can present flexible balancing services to the power grid. To gain this benefit, this work examines the techno-economic features of providing different frequency grid services by an HRS, considering the possibility of hydrogen injection into the industrial and natural gas pipelines. The ratings of the subcomponents and dispatch plans are optimised to enhance the performance of the plant. A probabilistic mixed-integer linear programming problem is solved over one year with a time resolution of one hour and using real-world historical data based on the European electricity market. The simulation results indicate that the economic profits can be increased significantly as a result of participating in the ancillary service markets and meeting its operation specifications while the stable performance of the HRS is guaranteed.
Keywords
Hydrogen, Regueling stations, Frequency ancillary services, Electrical power systems

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Dadkhah, Akbar, et al. “Techno-Economic Analysis and Optimal Operation of a Hydrogen Refueling Station Providing Frequency Ancillary Services.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, 2022, doi:10.1109/tia.2022.3167377.
APA
Dadkhah, A., Bozalakov, D., De Kooning, J., & Vandevelde, L. (2022). Techno-economic analysis and optimal operation of a hydrogen refueling station providing frequency ancillary services. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. https://doi.org/10.1109/tia.2022.3167377
Chicago author-date
Dadkhah, Akbar, Dimitar Bozalakov, Jeroen De Kooning, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2022. “Techno-Economic Analysis and Optimal Operation of a Hydrogen Refueling Station Providing Frequency Ancillary Services.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. https://doi.org/10.1109/tia.2022.3167377.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dadkhah, Akbar, Dimitar Bozalakov, Jeroen De Kooning, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2022. “Techno-Economic Analysis and Optimal Operation of a Hydrogen Refueling Station Providing Frequency Ancillary Services.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. doi:10.1109/tia.2022.3167377.
Vancouver
1.
Dadkhah A, Bozalakov D, De Kooning J, Vandevelde L. Techno-economic analysis and optimal operation of a hydrogen refueling station providing frequency ancillary services. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
A. Dadkhah, D. Bozalakov, J. De Kooning, and L. Vandevelde, “Techno-economic analysis and optimal operation of a hydrogen refueling station providing frequency ancillary services,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, 2022.
@article{8749675,
  abstract     = {{Following the urgency of climate change issues, investments in renewable energy sources and electrification of the transportation sector have enormously increased to facilitate the transition to a more sustainable future. However, as renewable resources like wind parks are replacing conventional power plants, new balancing solutions are required to strengthen grid stability. As responsive loads with quick dynamics, electrolysers operating in HRSs can present flexible balancing services to the power grid. To gain this benefit, this work examines the techno-economic features of providing different frequency grid services by an HRS, considering the possibility of hydrogen injection into the industrial and natural gas pipelines. The ratings of the subcomponents and dispatch plans are optimised to enhance the performance of the plant. A probabilistic mixed-integer linear programming problem is solved over one year with a time resolution of one hour and using real-world historical data based on the European electricity market. The simulation results indicate that the economic profits can be increased significantly as a result of participating in the ancillary service markets and meeting its operation specifications while the stable performance of the HRS is guaranteed.}},
  author       = {{Dadkhah, Akbar and Bozalakov, Dimitar and De Kooning, Jeroen and Vandevelde, Lieven}},
  issn         = {{0093-9994}},
  journal      = {{IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS}},
  keywords     = {{Hydrogen,Regueling stations,Frequency ancillary services,Electrical power systems}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{Techno-economic analysis and optimal operation of a hydrogen refueling station providing frequency ancillary services}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tia.2022.3167377}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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