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The association between Geographic Information System-based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity across the lifespan : a cross-sectional study

Sofie Compernolle (UGent) , Lieze Mertens (UGent) , Jelle Van Cauwenberg (UGent) , Iris Maes (UGent) and Delfien Van Dyck (UGent)
(2022) PEERJ. 10.
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Abstract
Background. Evidence on associations between environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine associations between Geographic Information System (GIS)based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived LPA, and to investigate the moderating effect of age group (adolescents, adults, older adults) on these associations. Methods. Objective data were used from three similar observational studies conducted in Ghent (Belgium) between 2007 and 2015. Accelerometer data were collected from 1,652 participants during seven consecutive days, and GIS-based neighborhood built environmental factors (residential density, intersection density, park density, public transport density, entropy index) were calculated using sausage buffers of 500 m and 1,000 m around the home addresses of all participants. Linear mixed models were performed to estimate the associations. Results. A small but significant negative association was observed between residential density (500 m buffer) and LPA in the total sample (B = -0.002; SE = 0.0001; p = 0.04), demonstrating that every increase of 1,000 dwellings per surface buffer was associated with a two minute decrease in LPA. Intersection density, park density, public transport density and entropy index were not related to LPA, and moderating effects of age group were absent. Conclusions. The small association, in combination with other non-significant associations suggests that the neighborhood built environment, as classically measured in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity research, is of limited importance for LPA. More research is needed to unravel how accelerometer-derived LPA is accumulated, and to gain insight into its determinants.
Keywords
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Medicine, General Neuroscience, OLDER-ADULTS, SEDENTARY TIME, ACTIGRAPH ACCELEROMETERS, WALKING, HEALTH, SCHOOL, CALIBRATION, BEHAVIOR, GENDER, SES

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MLA
Compernolle, Sofie, et al. “The Association between Geographic Information System-Based Neighborhood Built Environmental Factors and Accelerometer-Derived Light-Intensity Physical Activity across the Lifespan : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PEERJ, vol. 10, 2022, doi:10.7717/peerj.13271.
APA
Compernolle, S., Mertens, L., Van Cauwenberg, J., Maes, I., & Van Dyck, D. (2022). The association between Geographic Information System-based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity across the lifespan : a cross-sectional study. PEERJ, 10. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.13271
Chicago author-date
Compernolle, Sofie, Lieze Mertens, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Iris Maes, and Delfien Van Dyck. 2022. “The Association between Geographic Information System-Based Neighborhood Built Environmental Factors and Accelerometer-Derived Light-Intensity Physical Activity across the Lifespan : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PEERJ 10. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.13271.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Compernolle, Sofie, Lieze Mertens, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Iris Maes, and Delfien Van Dyck. 2022. “The Association between Geographic Information System-Based Neighborhood Built Environmental Factors and Accelerometer-Derived Light-Intensity Physical Activity across the Lifespan : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PEERJ 10. doi:10.7717/peerj.13271.
Vancouver
1.
Compernolle S, Mertens L, Van Cauwenberg J, Maes I, Van Dyck D. The association between Geographic Information System-based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity across the lifespan : a cross-sectional study. PEERJ. 2022;10.
IEEE
[1]
S. Compernolle, L. Mertens, J. Van Cauwenberg, I. Maes, and D. Van Dyck, “The association between Geographic Information System-based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity across the lifespan : a cross-sectional study,” PEERJ, vol. 10, 2022.
@article{8749156,
  abstract     = {{Background. Evidence on associations between environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine associations between Geographic Information System (GIS)based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived LPA, and to investigate the moderating effect of age group (adolescents, adults, older adults) on these associations.

Methods. Objective data were used from three similar observational studies conducted in Ghent (Belgium) between 2007 and 2015. Accelerometer data were collected from 1,652 participants during seven consecutive days, and GIS-based neighborhood built environmental factors (residential density, intersection density, park density, public transport density, entropy index) were calculated using sausage buffers of 500 m and 1,000 m around the home addresses of all participants. Linear mixed models were performed to estimate the associations.

Results. A small but significant negative association was observed between residential density (500 m buffer) and LPA in the total sample (B = -0.002; SE = 0.0001; p = 0.04), demonstrating that every increase of 1,000 dwellings per surface buffer was associated with a two minute decrease in LPA. Intersection density, park density, public transport density and entropy index were not related to LPA, and moderating effects of age group were absent.

Conclusions. The small association, in combination with other non-significant associations suggests that the neighborhood built environment, as classically measured in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity research, is of limited importance for LPA. More research is needed to unravel how accelerometer-derived LPA is accumulated, and to gain insight into its determinants.}},
  articleno    = {{e13271}},
  author       = {{Compernolle, Sofie and Mertens, Lieze and Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and Maes, Iris and Van Dyck, Delfien}},
  issn         = {{2167-8359}},
  journal      = {{PEERJ}},
  keywords     = {{General Agricultural and Biological Sciences,General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology,General Medicine,General Neuroscience,OLDER-ADULTS,SEDENTARY TIME,ACTIGRAPH ACCELEROMETERS,WALKING,HEALTH,SCHOOL,CALIBRATION,BEHAVIOR,GENDER,SES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{20}},
  title        = {{The association between Geographic Information System-based neighborhood built environmental factors and accelerometer-derived light-intensity physical activity across the lifespan : a cross-sectional study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.13271}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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