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Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung von trans Personen während der COVID‑19-Pandemie : eine Online-Querschnittstudie in deutschsprachigen Ländern

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Abstract
Background and objective Since spring of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted our day-to-day lives and led to negative consequences in various areas of life, including mental and physical wellbeing. In this article, we take a closer look at the situation of trans people, who - due to experiences with discrimination and marginalization as well as their specific health-related interests - could be characterized by a particular vulnerability. Methods Using an online cross-sectional survey, which we designed collaboratively with experts from the trans community, we investigated the mental and physical health of trans people from German-speaking countries and their access to trans-related healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic in the period from 1 May 2020 to 31 January 2021. Results Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, trans people have experienced barriers in access to gender-affirming treatments, mental health services, and COVID-19-related medical care. At the same time, trans people reported being affected by chronic diseases disproportionately more often than the general population, including those leading to a higher risk for poorer outcomes of a COVID-19 infection. Moreover, the participants reported being exposed to many risk factors associated with higher mental distress (e.g., having a chronic illness, belonging to a minority based on a non-heterosexual orientation, or having a low income). Discussion The results of this survey indicate that prior vulnerabilities with regards to health problems and the restricted access to an informed and qualified transgender healthcare were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords
HORMONE-THERAPY, SOCIAL SUPPORT, MENTAL-HEALTH, POPULATION, RISK, Transgender, Gender dysphoria, Transgender health, COVID-19, Mental, health

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MLA
Szuecs, Daria, et al. “Gesundheit Und Gesundheitsversorgung von Trans Personen Während Der COVID‑19-Pandemie : Eine Online-Querschnittstudie in Deutschsprachigen Ländern.” BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ, vol. 64, no. 11, 2021, pp. 1452–62, doi:10.1007/s00103-021-03432-8.
APA
Szuecs, D., Koehler, A., Holthaus, M. M., Gueldenring, A., Balk, L., Motmans, J., & Nieder, T. O. (2021). Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung von trans Personen während der COVID‑19-Pandemie : eine Online-Querschnittstudie in deutschsprachigen Ländern. BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ, 64(11), 1452–1462. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-021-03432-8
Chicago author-date
Szuecs, Daria, Andreas Koehler, Mika M. Holthaus, Annette Gueldenring, Lena Balk, Joz Motmans, and Timo O. Nieder. 2021. “Gesundheit Und Gesundheitsversorgung von Trans Personen Während Der COVID‑19-Pandemie : Eine Online-Querschnittstudie in Deutschsprachigen Ländern.” BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ 64 (11): 1452–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-021-03432-8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Szuecs, Daria, Andreas Koehler, Mika M. Holthaus, Annette Gueldenring, Lena Balk, Joz Motmans, and Timo O. Nieder. 2021. “Gesundheit Und Gesundheitsversorgung von Trans Personen Während Der COVID‑19-Pandemie : Eine Online-Querschnittstudie in Deutschsprachigen Ländern.” BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ 64 (11): 1452–1462. doi:10.1007/s00103-021-03432-8.
Vancouver
1.
Szuecs D, Koehler A, Holthaus MM, Gueldenring A, Balk L, Motmans J, et al. Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung von trans Personen während der COVID‑19-Pandemie : eine Online-Querschnittstudie in deutschsprachigen Ländern. BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ. 2021;64(11):1452–62.
IEEE
[1]
D. Szuecs et al., “Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung von trans Personen während der COVID‑19-Pandemie : eine Online-Querschnittstudie in deutschsprachigen Ländern,” BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 1452–1462, 2021.
@article{8746788,
  abstract     = {{Background and objective Since spring of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted our day-to-day lives and led to negative consequences in various areas of life, including mental and physical wellbeing. In this article, we take a closer look at the situation of trans people, who - due to experiences with discrimination and marginalization as well as their specific health-related interests - could be characterized by a particular vulnerability. Methods Using an online cross-sectional survey, which we designed collaboratively with experts from the trans community, we investigated the mental and physical health of trans people from German-speaking countries and their access to trans-related healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic in the period from 1 May 2020 to 31 January 2021. Results Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, trans people have experienced barriers in access to gender-affirming treatments, mental health services, and COVID-19-related medical care. At the same time, trans people reported being affected by chronic diseases disproportionately more often than the general population, including those leading to a higher risk for poorer outcomes of a COVID-19 infection. Moreover, the participants reported being exposed to many risk factors associated with higher mental distress (e.g., having a chronic illness, belonging to a minority based on a non-heterosexual orientation, or having a low income). Discussion The results of this survey indicate that prior vulnerabilities with regards to health problems and the restricted access to an informed and qualified transgender healthcare were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.}},
  author       = {{Szuecs, Daria and Koehler, Andreas and Holthaus, Mika M. and Gueldenring, Annette and Balk, Lena and Motmans, Joz and Nieder, Timo O.}},
  issn         = {{1436-9990}},
  journal      = {{BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT-GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG-GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ}},
  keywords     = {{HORMONE-THERAPY,SOCIAL SUPPORT,MENTAL-HEALTH,POPULATION,RISK,Transgender,Gender dysphoria,Transgender health,COVID-19,Mental,health}},
  language     = {{ger}},
  number       = {{11}},
  pages        = {{1452--1462}},
  title        = {{Gesundheit und Gesundheitsversorgung von trans Personen während der COVID‑19-Pandemie : eine Online-Querschnittstudie in deutschsprachigen Ländern}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-021-03432-8}},
  volume       = {{64}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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