Advanced search
1 file | 3.92 MB Add to list

The posterior cerebellum and temporoparietal junction support explicit learning of social belief sequences

Author
Organization
Project
Abstract
This study tests the hypothesis that the posterior cerebellum is involved in social cognition by identifying and automatizing sequences of social actions. We applied a belief serial reaction time task (Belief SRT task), which requires mentalizing about two protagonists' beliefs about how many flowers they receive. The protagonists' beliefs could either be true or false depending on their orientation (true belief: oriented towards and directly observing the flowers; or false belief: oriented away and knowing only prior information about flowers). A Control SRT task was created by replacing protagonists and their beliefs with shapes and colors. Participants were explicitly told that there was a standard sequence related to the two protagonists' belief orientations (Belief SRT task) or the shapes' colors (Control SRT task). Both tasks included a Training phase where the standard sequence was repeated and a Test phase where this standard sequence was interrupted by random sequences. As hypothesized, compared with the Control SRT task, the Belief SRT task recruited the posterior cerebellar Crus II and the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) more. Faster response times were correlated with less Crus II activation and with more TPJ activation, suggesting that the Crus II supported automatizing the belief sequence while the TPJ supported inferring the protagonists' beliefs. Also as hypothesized, compared with an implicit version of the Belief SRT task (i.e., participants did not know about the existence of sequences; Ma, Pu, et al., 2021b), the cerebellar Crus I &II was engaged less during initial training and automatic application of the sequence, and the cortical TPJ was activated more in processing random sequences.
Keywords
Behavioral Neuroscience, Cognitive Neuroscience, Serial reaction time task, False belief, Explicit sequence learning, Cerebellum, Social cognition, BRAIN, METAANALYSIS, COGNITION, OTHERS, FMRI, MIND

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 3.92 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Ma, Qianying, et al. “The Posterior Cerebellum and Temporoparietal Junction Support Explicit Learning of Social Belief Sequences.” COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 2022, doi:10.3758/s13415-021-00966-x.
APA
Ma, Q., Pu, M., Haihambo, N., Baetens, K., Heleven, E., Deroost, N., … Van Overwalle, F. (2022). The posterior cerebellum and temporoparietal junction support explicit learning of social belief sequences. COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-021-00966-x
Chicago author-date
Ma, Qianying, Min Pu, Naem Haihambo, Kris Baetens, Elien Heleven, Natacha Deroost, Chris Baeken, and Frank Van Overwalle. 2022. “The Posterior Cerebellum and Temporoparietal Junction Support Explicit Learning of Social Belief Sequences.” COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-021-00966-x.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ma, Qianying, Min Pu, Naem Haihambo, Kris Baetens, Elien Heleven, Natacha Deroost, Chris Baeken, and Frank Van Overwalle. 2022. “The Posterior Cerebellum and Temporoparietal Junction Support Explicit Learning of Social Belief Sequences.” COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. doi:10.3758/s13415-021-00966-x.
Vancouver
1.
Ma Q, Pu M, Haihambo N, Baetens K, Heleven E, Deroost N, et al. The posterior cerebellum and temporoparietal junction support explicit learning of social belief sequences. COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
Q. Ma et al., “The posterior cerebellum and temporoparietal junction support explicit learning of social belief sequences,” COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 2022.
@article{8742315,
  abstract     = {{This study tests the hypothesis that the posterior cerebellum is involved in social cognition by identifying and automatizing sequences of social actions. We applied a belief serial reaction time task (Belief SRT task), which requires mentalizing about two protagonists' beliefs about how many flowers they receive. The protagonists' beliefs could either be true or false depending on their orientation (true belief: oriented towards and directly observing the flowers; or false belief: oriented away and knowing only prior information about flowers). A Control SRT task was created by replacing protagonists and their beliefs with shapes and colors. Participants were explicitly told that there was a standard sequence related to the two protagonists' belief orientations (Belief SRT task) or the shapes' colors (Control SRT task). Both tasks included a Training phase where the standard sequence was repeated and a Test phase where this standard sequence was interrupted by random sequences. As hypothesized, compared with the Control SRT task, the Belief SRT task recruited the posterior cerebellar Crus II and the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) more. Faster response times were correlated with less Crus II activation and with more TPJ activation, suggesting that the Crus II supported automatizing the belief sequence while the TPJ supported inferring the protagonists' beliefs. Also as hypothesized, compared with an implicit version of the Belief SRT task (i.e., participants did not know about the existence of sequences; Ma, Pu, et al., 2021b), the cerebellar Crus I &II was engaged less during initial training and automatic application of the sequence, and the cortical TPJ was activated more in processing random sequences.}},
  author       = {{Ma, Qianying and Pu, Min and Haihambo, Naem and Baetens, Kris and Heleven, Elien and Deroost, Natacha and Baeken, Chris and Van Overwalle, Frank}},
  issn         = {{1530-7026}},
  journal      = {{COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{Behavioral Neuroscience,Cognitive Neuroscience,Serial reaction time task,False belief,Explicit sequence learning,Cerebellum,Social cognition,BRAIN,METAANALYSIS,COGNITION,OTHERS,FMRI,MIND}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{25}},
  title        = {{The posterior cerebellum and temporoparietal junction support explicit learning of social belief sequences}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13415-021-00966-x}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: