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Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production

(2022) RSC ADVANCES. 12(10). p.6122-6132
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Abstract
In the past few years, rising concerns vis-a-vis global climate change and clean energy demand have brought worldwide attention to developing the 'biomass/organic waste-to-energy' concept as a zero-emission, environment-friendly and sustainable pathway to simultaneously quench the global energy thirst and process diverse biomass/organic waste streams. Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) can be an influential technological route to curb climate change to a significant extent by preventing CO2 discharge. One of the pathways to realize BECCS is via in situ CO2-sorption coupled with a thermal plasma gasification process. In this study, an equilibrium model is developed using RDF as a model compound for plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification to evaluate the viability of the proposed process in producing H-2 rich syngas. Three different classes of sorbents are investigated namely, a high temperature sorbent (CaO), an intermediate temperature sorbent (Li4SiO4) and a low temperature sorbent (MgO). The distribution of gas species, H-2 yield, dry gas yield and LHV are deduced with the varying gasification temperature, reforming temperature, steam-to-feedstock ratio and sorbent-to-feedstock for all three sorbents. Moreover, optimal values of different process variables are predicted. Maximum H-2 is noted to be produced at 550 degrees C for CaO (79 vol%), 500 degrees C for MgO (29 vol%) and 700 degrees C (55 vol%) for Li4SiO4 whereas the optimal SOR/F ratios are found to be 1.5 for CaO, 1.0 for MgO and 2.5 for Li4SiO4. The results obtained in the study are promising to employ plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification as an efficacious pathway to produce clean energy and thus achieve carbon neutrality.
Keywords
STEAM GASIFICATION, BIOMASS GASIFICATION, FLUIDIZED-BED, CO2 CAPTURE, SORPTION, ABSORPTION, ADSORPTION, SYNGAS, MODEL

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MLA
Sikarwar, Vineet, et al. “Thermal Plasma Gasification of Organic Waste Stream Coupled with CO2-Sorption Enhanced Reforming Employing Different Sorbents for Enhanced Hydrogen Production.” RSC ADVANCES, vol. 12, no. 10, 2022, pp. 6122–32, doi:10.1039/d1ra07719h.
APA
Sikarwar, V., Peela, N. R., Vuppaladadiyam, A. K., Ferreira, N. L., Mašláni, A., Tomar, R., … Jeremiáš, M. (2022). Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production. RSC ADVANCES, 12(10), 6122–6132. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1ra07719h
Chicago author-date
Sikarwar, Vineet, Nageswara Rao Peela, Arun Krishna Vuppaladadiyam, Newton Libanio Ferreira, Alan Mašláni, Ritik Tomar, Michael Pohořelý, Erik Meers, and Michal Jeremiáš. 2022. “Thermal Plasma Gasification of Organic Waste Stream Coupled with CO2-Sorption Enhanced Reforming Employing Different Sorbents for Enhanced Hydrogen Production.” RSC ADVANCES 12 (10): 6122–32. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1ra07719h.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sikarwar, Vineet, Nageswara Rao Peela, Arun Krishna Vuppaladadiyam, Newton Libanio Ferreira, Alan Mašláni, Ritik Tomar, Michael Pohořelý, Erik Meers, and Michal Jeremiáš. 2022. “Thermal Plasma Gasification of Organic Waste Stream Coupled with CO2-Sorption Enhanced Reforming Employing Different Sorbents for Enhanced Hydrogen Production.” RSC ADVANCES 12 (10): 6122–6132. doi:10.1039/d1ra07719h.
Vancouver
1.
Sikarwar V, Peela NR, Vuppaladadiyam AK, Ferreira NL, Mašláni A, Tomar R, et al. Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production. RSC ADVANCES. 2022;12(10):6122–32.
IEEE
[1]
V. Sikarwar et al., “Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production,” RSC ADVANCES, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 6122–6132, 2022.
@article{8741998,
  abstract     = {{In the past few years, rising concerns vis-a-vis global climate change and clean energy demand have brought worldwide attention to developing the 'biomass/organic waste-to-energy' concept as a zero-emission, environment-friendly and sustainable pathway to simultaneously quench the global energy thirst and process diverse biomass/organic waste streams. Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) can be an influential technological route to curb climate change to a significant extent by preventing CO2 discharge. One of the pathways to realize BECCS is via in situ CO2-sorption coupled with a thermal plasma gasification process. In this study, an equilibrium model is developed using RDF as a model compound for plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification to evaluate the viability of the proposed process in producing H-2 rich syngas. Three different classes of sorbents are investigated namely, a high temperature sorbent (CaO), an intermediate temperature sorbent (Li4SiO4) and a low temperature sorbent (MgO). The distribution of gas species, H-2 yield, dry gas yield and LHV are deduced with the varying gasification temperature, reforming temperature, steam-to-feedstock ratio and sorbent-to-feedstock for all three sorbents. Moreover, optimal values of different process variables are predicted. Maximum H-2 is noted to be produced at 550 degrees C for CaO (79 vol%), 500 degrees C for MgO (29 vol%) and 700 degrees C (55 vol%) for Li4SiO4 whereas the optimal SOR/F ratios are found to be 1.5 for CaO, 1.0 for MgO and 2.5 for Li4SiO4. The results obtained in the study are promising to employ plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification as an efficacious pathway to produce clean energy and thus achieve carbon neutrality.}},
  author       = {{Sikarwar, Vineet and Peela, Nageswara Rao and Vuppaladadiyam, Arun Krishna and Ferreira, Newton Libanio and Mašláni, Alan and Tomar, Ritik and Pohořelý, Michael and Meers, Erik and Jeremiáš, Michal}},
  issn         = {{2046-2069}},
  journal      = {{RSC ADVANCES}},
  keywords     = {{STEAM GASIFICATION,BIOMASS GASIFICATION,FLUIDIZED-BED,CO2 CAPTURE,SORPTION,ABSORPTION,ADSORPTION,SYNGAS,MODEL}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{6122--6132}},
  title        = {{Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1039/d1ra07719h}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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