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Framing Belgian police research : an exploration of scoping reviews regarding police decision-making in terms of topics, methodology and literature characteristics - toward a research agenda

Yinthe Feys (UGent) , Antoinette Verhage (UGent) and Anse Stevens (UGent)
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Abstract
This article provides an overview of the latest empirical research regarding police decision-making in Belgium from 2000 to 2021 in terms of methodology and general findings (e.g. types and year of publication, topics studied) by combining 14 different scoping reviews, following the same procedure, and thus enabling comparison of the literature found in a consistent way. Recommendations are given concerning police research and the development of a research agenda. Fourteen separate and limited scoping reviews regarding police decision-making topics were carried out by students in criminology and law. All scoping reviews followed the same procedure. Seventy-nine unique publications are included in the analyses. These show that police violence is most frequently studied, whereas violence against the police was only included in one publication. Empirical research on bodycams and (social) media was not found. Most of the studies followed a quantitative research design, mainly by means of secondary data analysis. The scoping reviews are limited in scope and were carried out by different students, potentially leading to variable interpretations and selections. Additionally, the conclusions are partly the result of the developed review protocols (e.g. keywords, databases).
Keywords
Police, Decision-making, Scoping review, Belgium, Empirical, Research agenda, BODY-WORN CAMERAS, CROSS-SECTIONAL ANALYSIS, CRIMINOLOGY, JUSTICE, TRENDS, IMPACT, FORCE, MODEL, TRUST

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MLA
Feys, Yinthe, et al. “Framing Belgian Police Research : An Exploration of Scoping Reviews Regarding Police Decision-Making in Terms of Topics, Methodology and Literature Characteristics - toward a Research Agenda.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, vol. 45, no. 2, 2022, pp. 365–81, doi:10.1108/pijpsm-10-2021-0133.
APA
Feys, Y., Verhage, A., & Stevens, A. (2022). Framing Belgian police research : an exploration of scoping reviews regarding police decision-making in terms of topics, methodology and literature characteristics - toward a research agenda. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, 45(2), 365–381. https://doi.org/10.1108/pijpsm-10-2021-0133
Chicago author-date
Feys, Yinthe, Antoinette Verhage, and Anse Stevens. 2022. “Framing Belgian Police Research : An Exploration of Scoping Reviews Regarding Police Decision-Making in Terms of Topics, Methodology and Literature Characteristics - toward a Research Agenda.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT 45 (2): 365–81. https://doi.org/10.1108/pijpsm-10-2021-0133.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Feys, Yinthe, Antoinette Verhage, and Anse Stevens. 2022. “Framing Belgian Police Research : An Exploration of Scoping Reviews Regarding Police Decision-Making in Terms of Topics, Methodology and Literature Characteristics - toward a Research Agenda.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT 45 (2): 365–381. doi:10.1108/pijpsm-10-2021-0133.
Vancouver
1.
Feys Y, Verhage A, Stevens A. Framing Belgian police research : an exploration of scoping reviews regarding police decision-making in terms of topics, methodology and literature characteristics - toward a research agenda. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT. 2022;45(2):365–81.
IEEE
[1]
Y. Feys, A. Verhage, and A. Stevens, “Framing Belgian police research : an exploration of scoping reviews regarding police decision-making in terms of topics, methodology and literature characteristics - toward a research agenda,” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 365–381, 2022.
@article{8739898,
  abstract     = {{This article provides an overview of the latest empirical research regarding police decision-making in Belgium from 2000 to 2021 in terms of methodology and general findings (e.g. types and year of publication, topics studied) by combining 14 different scoping reviews, following the same procedure, and thus enabling comparison of the literature found in a consistent way. Recommendations are given concerning police research and the development of a research agenda.

Fourteen separate and limited scoping reviews regarding police decision-making topics were carried out by students in criminology and law. All scoping reviews followed the same procedure. Seventy-nine unique publications are included in the analyses. These show that police violence is most frequently studied, whereas violence against the police was only included in one publication. Empirical research on bodycams and (social) media was not found. Most of the studies followed a quantitative research design, mainly by means of secondary data analysis.

The scoping reviews are limited in scope and were carried out by different students, potentially leading to variable interpretations and selections. Additionally, the conclusions are partly the result of the developed review protocols (e.g. keywords, databases).}},
  author       = {{Feys, Yinthe and Verhage, Antoinette and Stevens, Anse}},
  issn         = {{1363-951X}},
  journal      = {{POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT}},
  keywords     = {{Police,Decision-making,Scoping review,Belgium,Empirical,Research agenda,BODY-WORN CAMERAS,CROSS-SECTIONAL ANALYSIS,CRIMINOLOGY,JUSTICE,TRENDS,IMPACT,FORCE,MODEL,TRUST}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{365--381}},
  title        = {{Framing Belgian police research : an exploration of scoping reviews regarding police decision-making in terms of topics, methodology and literature characteristics - toward a research agenda}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1108/pijpsm-10-2021-0133}},
  volume       = {{45}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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