Advanced search
1 file | 983.58 KB Add to list

Lifestyle and pain following cancer : state-of-the-art and future directions

Author
Organization
Abstract
This review discusses chronic pain, multiple modifiable lifestyle factors, such as stress, insomnia, diet, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity, and the relationship between these lifestyle factors and pain after cancer. Chronic pain is known to be a common consequence of cancer treatments, which considerably impacts cancer survivors’ quality of life when it remains untreated. Improvements in lifestyle behaviour are known to reduce mortality, comorbid conditions (i.e., cardiovascular diseases, other cancer, and recurrence) and cancer-related side-effects (i.e., fatigue and psychological issues). An inadequate stress response plays an important role in dysregulating the body’s autonomic, endocrine, and immune responses, creating a problematic back loop with pain. Next, given the high vulnerability of cancer survivors to insomnia, addressing and treating those sleep problems should be another target in pain management due to its capacity to increase hyperalgesia. Furthermore, adherence to a healthy diet holds great anti-inflammatory potential for relieving pain after cancer. Additionally, a healthy diet might go hand in hand with weight reduction in the case of obesity. Consuming alcohol and smoking have an acute analgesic effect in the short-term, with evidence lacking in the long-term. However, this acute effect is outweighed by other harms on cancer survivors’ general health. Last, informing patients about the benefits of an active lifestyle and reducing a sedentary lifestyle after cancer treatment must be emphasised when considering the proven benefits of physical activity in this population. A multimodal approach addressing all relevant lifestyle factors together seems appropriate for managing comorbid conditions, side-effects, and chronic pain after cancer. Further research is needed to evaluate whether modifiable lifestyle factors have a beneficial influence on chronic pain among cancer survivors.
Keywords
General Medicine, cancer survivor, chronic pain, lifestyle, diet, obesity, physical activity, stress, sleep, LIGHT ALCOHOL-DRINKING, BREAST-CANCER, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, PERCEIVED INJUSTICE, TREATMENT-SEEKING, PERSISTENT PAIN, SURVIVORS, INSOMNIA, METAANALYSIS, INTERVENTIONS

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 983.58 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Lahousse, Astrid, et al. “Lifestyle and Pain Following Cancer : State-of-the-Art and Future Directions.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, vol. 11, no. 1, 2022, doi:10.3390/jcm11010195.
APA
Lahousse, A., Roose, E., Leysen, L., Yilmaz, S. T., Mostaqim, K., Reis, F., … Nijs, J. (2022). Lifestyle and pain following cancer : state-of-the-art and future directions. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11010195
Chicago author-date
Lahousse, Astrid, Eva Roose, Laurence Leysen, Sevilay Tümkaya Yilmaz, Kenza Mostaqim, Felipe Reis, Emma Rheel, David Beckwée, and Jo Nijs. 2022. “Lifestyle and Pain Following Cancer : State-of-the-Art and Future Directions.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE 11 (1). https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11010195.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lahousse, Astrid, Eva Roose, Laurence Leysen, Sevilay Tümkaya Yilmaz, Kenza Mostaqim, Felipe Reis, Emma Rheel, David Beckwée, and Jo Nijs. 2022. “Lifestyle and Pain Following Cancer : State-of-the-Art and Future Directions.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE 11 (1). doi:10.3390/jcm11010195.
Vancouver
1.
Lahousse A, Roose E, Leysen L, Yilmaz ST, Mostaqim K, Reis F, et al. Lifestyle and pain following cancer : state-of-the-art and future directions. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. 2022;11(1).
IEEE
[1]
A. Lahousse et al., “Lifestyle and pain following cancer : state-of-the-art and future directions,” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, vol. 11, no. 1, 2022.
@article{8735860,
  abstract     = {{This review discusses chronic pain, multiple modifiable lifestyle factors, such as stress, insomnia, diet, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity, and the relationship between these lifestyle factors and pain after cancer. Chronic pain is known to be a common consequence of cancer treatments, which considerably impacts cancer survivors’ quality of life when it remains untreated. Improvements in lifestyle behaviour are known to reduce mortality, comorbid conditions (i.e., cardiovascular diseases, other cancer, and recurrence) and cancer-related side-effects (i.e., fatigue and psychological issues). An inadequate stress response plays an important role in dysregulating the body’s autonomic, endocrine, and immune responses, creating a problematic back loop with pain. Next, given the high vulnerability of cancer survivors to insomnia, addressing and treating those sleep problems should be another target in pain management due to its capacity to increase hyperalgesia. Furthermore, adherence to a healthy diet holds great anti-inflammatory potential for relieving pain after cancer. Additionally, a healthy diet might go hand in hand with weight reduction in the case of obesity. Consuming alcohol and smoking have an acute analgesic effect in the short-term, with evidence lacking in the long-term. However, this acute effect is outweighed by other harms on cancer survivors’ general health. Last, informing patients about the benefits of an active lifestyle and reducing a sedentary lifestyle after cancer treatment must be emphasised when considering the proven benefits of physical activity in this population. A multimodal approach addressing all relevant lifestyle factors together seems appropriate for managing comorbid conditions, side-effects, and chronic pain after cancer. Further research is needed to evaluate whether modifiable lifestyle factors have a beneficial influence on chronic pain among cancer survivors.}},
  articleno    = {{195}},
  author       = {{Lahousse, Astrid and Roose, Eva and Leysen, Laurence and Yilmaz, Sevilay Tümkaya and Mostaqim, Kenza and Reis, Felipe and Rheel, Emma and Beckwée, David and Nijs, Jo}},
  issn         = {{2077-0383}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE}},
  keywords     = {{General Medicine,cancer survivor,chronic pain,lifestyle,diet,obesity,physical activity,stress,sleep,LIGHT ALCOHOL-DRINKING,BREAST-CANCER,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,PERCEIVED INJUSTICE,TREATMENT-SEEKING,PERSISTENT PAIN,SURVIVORS,INSOMNIA,METAANALYSIS,INTERVENTIONS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{20}},
  title        = {{Lifestyle and pain following cancer : state-of-the-art and future directions}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm11010195}},
  volume       = {{11}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: