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The role of trait inferences in evaluative conditioning

Tal Moran Yorovich (UGent) , Sean Joseph Hughes (UGent) , Pieter Van Dessel (UGent) and Jan De Houwer (UGent)
(2022) COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY. 8(1). p.1-20
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Abstract
Evaluative Conditioning (EC) effect is a change in evaluative responding to a neutral stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced stimulus (US). Traditionally, EC effects are viewed as fundamentally different from persuasion effects. Inspired by a propositional perspective to EC, four studies (N = 1,284) tested if, like persuasion effects, EC effects can also be driven by trait inferences. Experiments 1-2 found that promoting trait inferences (by pairing people with trait words rather than nouns) increased EC effects. Experiments 3-4 found that undermining trait inferences (by questioning the validity of those inferences) decreased EC effects. In all experiments, however, EC effects were still significant when trait inferences were invalid. Taken together, our findings (a) suggest that trait inferences can play an important role in EC effects, (b) constrain theoretical models of EC, and (c) have important implications for applied EC interventions.
Keywords
propositional models, automatic evaluation, trait inference, evaluative conditioning, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, AFFECT MISATTRIBUTION, RELATIONAL INFORMATION, ATTITUDES, DIAGNOSTICITY, IMPRESSIONS, IMPACT, INSTRUCTIONS, AUTOMATICITY, CONTINGENCY

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Moran Yorovich, Tal, et al. “The Role of Trait Inferences in Evaluative Conditioning.” COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 8, no. 1, 2022, pp. 1–20, doi:10.1525/collabra.31738.
APA
Moran Yorovich, T., Hughes, S. J., Van Dessel, P., & De Houwer, J. (2022). The role of trait inferences in evaluative conditioning. COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY, 8(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.31738
Chicago author-date
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Sean Joseph Hughes, Pieter Van Dessel, and Jan De Houwer. 2022. “The Role of Trait Inferences in Evaluative Conditioning.” COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY 8 (1): 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.31738.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Sean Joseph Hughes, Pieter Van Dessel, and Jan De Houwer. 2022. “The Role of Trait Inferences in Evaluative Conditioning.” COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY 8 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1525/collabra.31738.
Vancouver
1.
Moran Yorovich T, Hughes SJ, Van Dessel P, De Houwer J. The role of trait inferences in evaluative conditioning. COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY. 2022;8(1):1–20.
IEEE
[1]
T. Moran Yorovich, S. J. Hughes, P. Van Dessel, and J. De Houwer, “The role of trait inferences in evaluative conditioning,” COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1–20, 2022.
@article{8734756,
  abstract     = {{Evaluative Conditioning (EC) effect is a change in evaluative responding to a neutral stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced stimulus (US). Traditionally, EC effects are viewed as fundamentally different from persuasion effects. Inspired by a propositional perspective to EC, four studies (N = 1,284) tested if, like persuasion effects, EC effects can also be driven by trait inferences. Experiments 1-2 found that promoting trait inferences (by pairing people with trait words rather than nouns) increased EC effects. Experiments 3-4 found that undermining trait inferences (by questioning the validity of those inferences) decreased EC effects. In all experiments, however, EC effects were still significant when trait inferences were invalid. Taken together, our findings (a) suggest that trait inferences can play an important role in EC effects, (b) constrain theoretical models of EC, and (c) have important implications for applied EC interventions.}},
  author       = {{Moran Yorovich, Tal and Hughes, Sean Joseph and Van Dessel, Pieter and De Houwer, Jan}},
  issn         = {{2474-7394}},
  journal      = {{COLLABRA-PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{propositional models,automatic evaluation,trait inference,evaluative conditioning,IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,AFFECT MISATTRIBUTION,RELATIONAL INFORMATION,ATTITUDES,DIAGNOSTICITY,IMPRESSIONS,IMPACT,INSTRUCTIONS,AUTOMATICITY,CONTINGENCY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{1--20}},
  title        = {{The role of trait inferences in evaluative conditioning}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/collabra.31738}},
  volume       = {{8}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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