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Drenching bovine colostrum, quercetin or fructo-oligosaccharides has no effect on health or survival of low birth weight piglets

(2022) ANIMALS. 12(1).
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Abstract
The introduction of hyperprolific sows has resulted in more low birth weight (LBW) piglets, accompanied by higher mortality. A possible strategy to enhance the resilience and survival of LBW piglets is oral supplementation (drenching) of bioactive substances. This study evaluated the supplementation of bovine colostrum, short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) or quercetin that were dissolved separately in a milk replacer. The study was divided into two sub-experiments. First, the milk replacer was compared with a sham drenched group. Secondly, each dissolved compound was compared with the milk replacer. The LBW piglets, defined as weighing between (mean litter birth weight −1*SD) and (mean litter birth weight −2.5*SD), were randomly allocated to the different treatments and drenched once a day for seven days. On day 1, 3, 9, 24 and 38, piglets were weighed and scored for skin lesions. Blood samples were collected on day 9 and 38 and analyzed to determine glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, urea, immunoglobulin G, insulin-like growth factor 1, and a standard blood panel test. There was no difference between sham drenched piglets and piglets that were drenched with milk replacer regarding any of the parameters. No effect was observed between the milk replacer group and any of the bioactive compounds either, except a higher mortality within the scFOS group. In conclusion, this study showed that drenching the evaluated bioactive compounds, in the used dosages, did not improve LBW piglets’ resilience or survival and more research is required to determine the effect of scFOS on small piglets.
Keywords
General Veterinary, Animal Science and Zoology, pig, performance, oral supplementation, neonatal, survival, low birthweight, colostrum, quercetin, scFOS, milk replacer, LARGE LITTER SIZE, GROWTH-PERFORMANCE, ENERGY SUPPLEMENTATION, PREWEANING MORTALITY, ORAL SUPPLEMENTATION, WELFARE IMPLICATIONS, OXIDATIVE STRESS, IMMUNE-RESPONSE, SMALL-INTESTINE, MILK REPLACER

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Citation

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MLA
Van Tichelen, Kevin, et al. “Drenching Bovine Colostrum, Quercetin or Fructo-Oligosaccharides Has No Effect on Health or Survival of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS, vol. 12, no. 1, 2022, doi:10.3390/ani12010055.
APA
Van Tichelen, K., Prims, S., Ayuso, M., Van Kerschaver, C., Vandaele, M., Degroote, J., … Van Ginneken, C. (2022). Drenching bovine colostrum, quercetin or fructo-oligosaccharides has no effect on health or survival of low birth weight piglets. ANIMALS, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12010055
Chicago author-date
Van Tichelen, Kevin, Sara Prims, Miriam Ayuso, Céline Van Kerschaver, Mario Vandaele, Jeroen Degroote, Steven Van Cruchten, Joris Michiels, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2022. “Drenching Bovine Colostrum, Quercetin or Fructo-Oligosaccharides Has No Effect on Health or Survival of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS 12 (1). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12010055.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Tichelen, Kevin, Sara Prims, Miriam Ayuso, Céline Van Kerschaver, Mario Vandaele, Jeroen Degroote, Steven Van Cruchten, Joris Michiels, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2022. “Drenching Bovine Colostrum, Quercetin or Fructo-Oligosaccharides Has No Effect on Health or Survival of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS 12 (1). doi:10.3390/ani12010055.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tichelen K, Prims S, Ayuso M, Van Kerschaver C, Vandaele M, Degroote J, et al. Drenching bovine colostrum, quercetin or fructo-oligosaccharides has no effect on health or survival of low birth weight piglets. ANIMALS. 2022;12(1).
IEEE
[1]
K. Van Tichelen et al., “Drenching bovine colostrum, quercetin or fructo-oligosaccharides has no effect on health or survival of low birth weight piglets,” ANIMALS, vol. 12, no. 1, 2022.
@article{8733472,
  abstract     = {{The introduction of hyperprolific sows has resulted in more low birth weight (LBW) piglets, accompanied by higher mortality. A possible strategy to enhance the resilience and survival of LBW piglets is oral supplementation (drenching) of bioactive substances. This study evaluated the supplementation of bovine colostrum, short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) or quercetin that were dissolved separately in a milk replacer. The study was divided into two sub-experiments. First, the milk replacer was compared with a sham drenched group. Secondly, each dissolved compound was compared with the milk replacer. The LBW piglets, defined as weighing between (mean litter birth weight −1*SD) and (mean litter birth weight −2.5*SD), were randomly allocated to the different treatments and drenched once a day for seven days. On day 1, 3, 9, 24 and 38, piglets were weighed and scored for skin lesions. Blood samples were collected on day 9 and 38 and analyzed to determine glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, urea, immunoglobulin G, insulin-like growth factor 1, and a standard blood panel test. There was no difference between sham drenched piglets and piglets that were drenched with milk replacer regarding any of the parameters. No effect was observed between the milk replacer group and any of the bioactive compounds either, except a higher mortality within the scFOS group. In conclusion, this study showed that drenching the evaluated bioactive compounds, in the used dosages, did not improve LBW piglets’ resilience or survival and more research is required to determine the effect of scFOS on small piglets.}},
  articleno    = {{55}},
  author       = {{Van Tichelen, Kevin and Prims, Sara and Ayuso, Miriam and Van Kerschaver, Céline and Vandaele, Mario and Degroote, Jeroen and Van Cruchten, Steven and Michiels, Joris and Van Ginneken, Chris}},
  issn         = {{2076-2615}},
  journal      = {{ANIMALS}},
  keywords     = {{General Veterinary,Animal Science and Zoology,pig,performance,oral supplementation,neonatal,survival,low birthweight,colostrum,quercetin,scFOS,milk replacer,LARGE LITTER SIZE,GROWTH-PERFORMANCE,ENERGY SUPPLEMENTATION,PREWEANING MORTALITY,ORAL SUPPLEMENTATION,WELFARE IMPLICATIONS,OXIDATIVE STRESS,IMMUNE-RESPONSE,SMALL-INTESTINE,MILK REPLACER}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{15}},
  title        = {{Drenching bovine colostrum, quercetin or fructo-oligosaccharides has no effect on health or survival of low birth weight piglets}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani12010055}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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