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High fructose intake contributes to elevated diastolic blood pressure in adolescent girls : results from the HELENA study

(2021) NUTRIENTS. 13(10).
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Abstract
Background: The association between high fructose consumption and elevated blood pressure continues to be controversial, especially in adolescence. The aim of this study was to assess the association between fructose consumption and elevated blood pressure in an European adolescent population. Methods: A total of 1733 adolescents (mean ± SD age: 14.7 ± 1.2; percentage of girls: 52.8%) were analysed from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries. Blood pressure was measured using validated devices and methods for measuring systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Dietary data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA–DIAT software) and converted into pure fructose (monosaccharide form) and total fructose exposure (pure fructose + fructose from sucrose) intake using a specific fructose composition database. Food categories were separated at posteriori in natural vs. were non-natural foods. Elevated BP was defined according to the 90th percentile cut-off values and was compared according to tertiles of fructose intake using univariable and multivariable mixed logistic regression models taking into account confounding factors: centre, sex, age and z-score–BMI, MVPA (Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity) duration, tobacco consumption, salt intake and energy intake. Results: Pure fructose from non-natural foods was only associated with elevated DBP (DBP above the 10th percentile in the highest consuming girls (OR = 2.27 (1.17–4.40); p = 0.015) after adjustment for cofounding factors. Conclusions: Consuming high quantities of non-natural foods was associated with elevated DBP in adolescent girls, which was in part due to high fructose levels in these foods categories. The consumption of natural foods containing fructose, such as whole fruits, does not impact blood pressure and should continue to remain a healthy dietary habit.
Keywords
Food Science, Nutrition and Dietetics

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MLA
Béghin, Laurent, et al. “High Fructose Intake Contributes to Elevated Diastolic Blood Pressure in Adolescent Girls : Results from the HELENA Study.” NUTRIENTS, vol. 13, no. 10, 2021, doi:10.3390/nu13103608.
APA
Béghin, L., Huybrechts, I., Drumez, E., Kersting, M., Walker, R. W., Kafatos, A., … Gottrand, F. (2021). High fructose intake contributes to elevated diastolic blood pressure in adolescent girls : results from the HELENA study. NUTRIENTS, 13(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103608
Chicago author-date
Béghin, Laurent, Inge Huybrechts, Elodie Drumez, Mathilde Kersting, Ryan W Walker, Anthony Kafatos, Denes Molnar, et al. 2021. “High Fructose Intake Contributes to Elevated Diastolic Blood Pressure in Adolescent Girls : Results from the HELENA Study.” NUTRIENTS 13 (10). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103608.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Béghin, Laurent, Inge Huybrechts, Elodie Drumez, Mathilde Kersting, Ryan W Walker, Anthony Kafatos, Denes Molnar, Yannis Manios, Luis A Moreno, Stefaan De Henauw, and Frédéric Gottrand. 2021. “High Fructose Intake Contributes to Elevated Diastolic Blood Pressure in Adolescent Girls : Results from the HELENA Study.” NUTRIENTS 13 (10). doi:10.3390/nu13103608.
Vancouver
1.
Béghin L, Huybrechts I, Drumez E, Kersting M, Walker RW, Kafatos A, et al. High fructose intake contributes to elevated diastolic blood pressure in adolescent girls : results from the HELENA study. NUTRIENTS. 2021;13(10).
IEEE
[1]
L. Béghin et al., “High fructose intake contributes to elevated diastolic blood pressure in adolescent girls : results from the HELENA study,” NUTRIENTS, vol. 13, no. 10, 2021.
@article{8731231,
  abstract     = {{Background: The association between high fructose consumption and elevated blood pressure continues to be controversial, especially in adolescence. The aim of this study was to assess the association between fructose consumption and elevated blood pressure in an European adolescent population. Methods: A total of 1733 adolescents (mean ± SD age: 14.7 ± 1.2; percentage of girls: 52.8%) were analysed from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries. Blood pressure was measured using validated devices and methods for measuring systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Dietary data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA–DIAT software) and converted into pure fructose (monosaccharide form) and total fructose exposure (pure fructose + fructose from sucrose) intake using a specific fructose composition database. Food categories were separated at posteriori in natural vs. were non-natural foods. Elevated BP was defined according to the 90th percentile cut-off values and was compared according to tertiles of fructose intake using univariable and multivariable mixed logistic regression models taking into account confounding factors: centre, sex, age and z-score–BMI, MVPA (Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity) duration, tobacco consumption, salt intake and energy intake. Results: Pure fructose from non-natural foods was only associated with elevated DBP (DBP above the 10th percentile in the highest consuming girls (OR = 2.27 (1.17–4.40); p = 0.015) after adjustment for cofounding factors. Conclusions: Consuming high quantities of non-natural foods was associated with elevated DBP in adolescent girls, which was in part due to high fructose levels in these foods categories. The consumption of natural foods containing fructose, such as whole fruits, does not impact blood pressure and should continue to remain a healthy dietary habit.}},
  articleno    = {{3608}},
  author       = {{Béghin, Laurent and Huybrechts, Inge and Drumez, Elodie and Kersting, Mathilde and Walker, Ryan W and Kafatos, Anthony and Molnar, Denes and Manios, Yannis and Moreno, Luis A and De Henauw, Stefaan and Gottrand, Frédéric}},
  issn         = {{2072-6643}},
  journal      = {{NUTRIENTS}},
  keywords     = {{Food Science,Nutrition and Dietetics}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  title        = {{High fructose intake contributes to elevated diastolic blood pressure in adolescent girls : results from the HELENA study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu13103608}},
  volume       = {{13}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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