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Successful application of closed loop stimulation pacemakers with remote monitoring in 3 miniature donkeys with syncope

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Organization
Abstract
Rate-adaptive single chamber pacemakers with accelerometer, closed loop stimulation (CLS), and remote monitoring functionality (Eluna 8 SR-T, Biotronik, SE & Co, Germany) were implanted in 3 miniature donkeys with third-degree atrioventricular block and syncope. After recovery, different pacemaker programming modes were tested at rest, during stress without physical exercise and during physical exercise. Pacing rates were compared to actual atrial rates and showed that CLS functionality allowed physiological heart rate adaptation. A transmitter installed in the stable provided wireless connection of the pacemaker to the internet. Home monitoring was activated which performed daily wireless transmission of pacemaker functional measurements to an online server allowing diagnosis of pathological arrhythmias and pacemaker malfunction from a distance. Closed loop stimulation and remote monitoring functionality resulted in nearly physiological rate adaptation and allowed remote from-the-stable patient follow-up.
Keywords
bradyarrhythmia, collapse, equine cardiology, permanent pacing, third degree atrioventricular block, TRANSVENOUS PACING CATHETER, RATE-ADAPTIVE PACEMAKER, DUAL-CHAMBER, IMPLANTATION, BLOCK, DEFIBRILLATORS, HORSE

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Citation

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MLA
De Lange, Lisa, et al. “Successful Application of Closed Loop Stimulation Pacemakers with Remote Monitoring in 3 Miniature Donkeys with Syncope.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, vol. 35, no. 6, 2021, pp. 2920–25, doi:10.1111/jvim.16305.
APA
De Lange, L., Van Steenkiste, G., Vernemmen, I., Vera, L., Cromheeke, K. M. C., Walser, U., … van Loon, G. (2021). Successful application of closed loop stimulation pacemakers with remote monitoring in 3 miniature donkeys with syncope. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 35(6), 2920–2925. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16305
Chicago author-date
De Lange, Lisa, Glenn Van Steenkiste, Ingrid Vernemmen, Lisse Vera, Kristel M. C. Cromheeke, Ulla Walser, Hans Meert, Annelies Decloedt, and Gunther van Loon. 2021. “Successful Application of Closed Loop Stimulation Pacemakers with Remote Monitoring in 3 Miniature Donkeys with Syncope.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE 35 (6): 2920–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16305.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Lange, Lisa, Glenn Van Steenkiste, Ingrid Vernemmen, Lisse Vera, Kristel M. C. Cromheeke, Ulla Walser, Hans Meert, Annelies Decloedt, and Gunther van Loon. 2021. “Successful Application of Closed Loop Stimulation Pacemakers with Remote Monitoring in 3 Miniature Donkeys with Syncope.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE 35 (6): 2920–2925. doi:10.1111/jvim.16305.
Vancouver
1.
De Lange L, Van Steenkiste G, Vernemmen I, Vera L, Cromheeke KMC, Walser U, et al. Successful application of closed loop stimulation pacemakers with remote monitoring in 3 miniature donkeys with syncope. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. 2021;35(6):2920–5.
IEEE
[1]
L. De Lange et al., “Successful application of closed loop stimulation pacemakers with remote monitoring in 3 miniature donkeys with syncope,” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 2920–2925, 2021.
@article{8730564,
  abstract     = {{Rate-adaptive single chamber pacemakers with accelerometer, closed loop stimulation (CLS), and remote monitoring functionality (Eluna 8 SR-T, Biotronik, SE & Co, Germany) were implanted in 3 miniature donkeys with third-degree atrioventricular block and syncope. After recovery, different pacemaker programming modes were tested at rest, during stress without physical exercise and during physical exercise. Pacing rates were compared to actual atrial rates and showed that CLS functionality allowed physiological heart rate adaptation. A transmitter installed in the stable provided wireless connection of the pacemaker to the internet. Home monitoring was activated which performed daily wireless transmission of pacemaker functional measurements to an online server allowing diagnosis of pathological arrhythmias and pacemaker malfunction from a distance. Closed loop stimulation and remote monitoring functionality resulted in nearly physiological rate adaptation and allowed remote from-the-stable patient follow-up.}},
  author       = {{De Lange, Lisa and Van Steenkiste, Glenn and Vernemmen, Ingrid and Vera, Lisse and Cromheeke, Kristel M. C. and Walser, Ulla and Meert, Hans and Decloedt, Annelies and van Loon, Gunther}},
  issn         = {{0891-6640}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE}},
  keywords     = {{bradyarrhythmia,collapse,equine cardiology,permanent pacing,third degree atrioventricular block,TRANSVENOUS PACING CATHETER,RATE-ADAPTIVE PACEMAKER,DUAL-CHAMBER,IMPLANTATION,BLOCK,DEFIBRILLATORS,HORSE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{2920--2925}},
  title        = {{Successful application of closed loop stimulation pacemakers with remote monitoring in 3 miniature donkeys with syncope}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16305}},
  volume       = {{35}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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