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Recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities in recovery from problem substance use : an analysis of lived experiences

Aline Pouille (UGent) , Lore Bellaert (UGent) , Freya Vander Laenen (UGent) and Wouter Vanderplasschen (UGent)
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Abstract
Migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) are known to be disadvantaged concerning risk factors for problem substance use and resources to initiate and sustain recovery (i.e., recovery capital). Yet, the voices of MEM are largely overlooked in recovery literature. This study explores recovery capital through 34 semi-structured interviews with a diverse sample of MEM in recovery in two ethnically diverse cities in Belgium. A Qualitative Content Analysis using recovery capital theory allowed us to identify various recovery resources on a personal, social, and community level. While physical and human recovery resources play a central role in participants’ narratives, personal recovery capital is closely intertwined with meaningful social networks (i.e., social recovery capital) and recovery-supportive environments that maximize opportunities for building culturally sensitive recovery capital (i.e., community recovery capital). Though MEM-specific elements such as culture, migration background, stigma, and structural inequalities play a significant role in the recovery resources of MEM, the largely “universal” nature of recovery capital became clear. The narratives disclose a distinction between “essential” and “acquired” recovery capital, as well as the duality of some recovery resources. The need for developing recovery-oriented systems of care that are culturally responsive, diminish structural inequalities, and facilitate building recovery capital that is sensitive to the needs of MEM is emphasized.
Keywords
addiction, recovery, culture, migration, minority, qualitative research, MENTAL-HEALTH-CARE, USE DISORDERS, ALCOHOL, MODEL, DISPARITIES, FRAMEWORK, ABUSE, DISCRIMINATION, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INEQUALITY

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MLA
Pouille, Aline, et al. “Recovery Capital among Migrants and Ethnic Minorities in Recovery from Problem Substance Use : An Analysis of Lived Experiences.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 18, no. 24, 2021, doi:10.3390/ijerph182413025.
APA
Pouille, A., Bellaert, L., Vander Laenen, F., & Vanderplasschen, W. (2021). Recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities in recovery from problem substance use : an analysis of lived experiences. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 18(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413025
Chicago author-date
Pouille, Aline, Lore Bellaert, Freya Vander Laenen, and Wouter Vanderplasschen. 2021. “Recovery Capital among Migrants and Ethnic Minorities in Recovery from Problem Substance Use : An Analysis of Lived Experiences.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 18 (24). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413025.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pouille, Aline, Lore Bellaert, Freya Vander Laenen, and Wouter Vanderplasschen. 2021. “Recovery Capital among Migrants and Ethnic Minorities in Recovery from Problem Substance Use : An Analysis of Lived Experiences.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 18 (24). doi:10.3390/ijerph182413025.
Vancouver
1.
Pouille A, Bellaert L, Vander Laenen F, Vanderplasschen W. Recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities in recovery from problem substance use : an analysis of lived experiences. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2021;18(24).
IEEE
[1]
A. Pouille, L. Bellaert, F. Vander Laenen, and W. Vanderplasschen, “Recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities in recovery from problem substance use : an analysis of lived experiences,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 18, no. 24, 2021.
@article{8729926,
  abstract     = {{Migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) are known to be disadvantaged concerning risk factors for problem substance use and resources to initiate and sustain recovery (i.e., recovery capital). Yet, the voices of MEM are largely overlooked in recovery literature. This study explores recovery capital through 34 semi-structured interviews with a diverse sample of MEM in recovery in two ethnically diverse cities in Belgium. A Qualitative Content Analysis using recovery capital theory allowed us to identify various recovery resources on a personal, social, and community level. While physical and human recovery resources play a central role in participants’ narratives, personal recovery capital is closely intertwined with meaningful social networks (i.e., social recovery capital) and recovery-supportive environments that maximize opportunities for building culturally sensitive recovery capital (i.e., community recovery capital). Though MEM-specific elements such as culture, migration background, stigma, and structural inequalities play a significant role in the recovery resources of MEM, the largely “universal” nature of recovery capital became clear. The narratives disclose a distinction between “essential” and “acquired” recovery capital, as well as the duality of some recovery resources. The need for developing recovery-oriented systems of care that are culturally responsive, diminish structural inequalities, and facilitate building recovery capital that is sensitive to the needs of MEM is emphasized.}},
  articleno    = {{13025}},
  author       = {{Pouille, Aline and Bellaert, Lore and Vander Laenen, Freya and Vanderplasschen, Wouter}},
  issn         = {{1660-4601}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH}},
  keywords     = {{addiction,recovery,culture,migration,minority,qualitative research,MENTAL-HEALTH-CARE,USE DISORDERS,ALCOHOL,MODEL,DISPARITIES,FRAMEWORK,ABUSE,DISCRIMINATION,EPIDEMIOLOGY,INEQUALITY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{24}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{Recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities in recovery from problem substance use : an analysis of lived experiences}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413025}},
  volume       = {{18}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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