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Sport-for-all policies in sport federations : an institutional theory perspective

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Abstract
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Sport-for-All encompasses efforts to make organised sport accessible for all people. Although Sport-for-All is integrated in sport federations’ missions, many organisations struggle to attain their Sport-for-All goals. In particular, the Sport-for-All logic of sport federations is challenged by several institutional trends. By applying an institutional theory perspective, our study explores to what extent and how sport federations respond to the trends challenging their Sport-for-All logic. RESEARCH METHODS: To measure the response of sport federations, a newly developed questionnaire, based on the model of Greenwood et al. (2002). [Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 58–80.], was sent to all recognised Flemish sport federations (n = 70). In total, 53 sport federations participated in our study. RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Our results revealed that 53% of the federations reported a high degree of response to the trends. Furthermore, a cluster analysis based on a quantitative application of Greenwood et al.’s (2002). [Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 58–80.] institutional model distinguished five clusters of federations. These clusters indicated differences in the response towards the trends of Sport-for-All. In particular, our study demonstrated that not only institutional pressure but also the preinstitutionalisation and theorisation stages are important stages to trigger the sport federations’ response. IMPLICATIONS: Insights are provided into sport federations’ responses to the institutional trends of Sport-for-All informs sport federations and sport managers on how to adapt to the changing Sport-for-All landscape.
Keywords
Sport-for-All, sport federations, cluster analysis, institutional theory, PARTICIPATION, CLUBS, ORGANIZATIONS, LOGICS, IMPLEMENTATION, RUGBY, WORK, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, CONSTRUCTION, ASSOCIATIONS

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MLA
De Bock, Thomas, et al. “Sport-for-All Policies in Sport Federations : An Institutional Theory Perspective.” EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY, edited by Paul Downward, 2022, doi:10.1080/16184742.2021.2009897.
APA
De Bock, T., Scheerder, J., Theeboom, M., De Clerck, T., Constandt, B., & Willem, A. (2022). Sport-for-all policies in sport federations : an institutional theory perspective. EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2021.2009897
Chicago author-date
De Bock, Thomas, Jeroen Scheerder, Marc Theeboom, Tom De Clerck, Bram Constandt, and Annick Willem. 2022. “Sport-for-All Policies in Sport Federations : An Institutional Theory Perspective.” Edited by Paul Downward. EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2021.2009897.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Bock, Thomas, Jeroen Scheerder, Marc Theeboom, Tom De Clerck, Bram Constandt, and Annick Willem. 2022. “Sport-for-All Policies in Sport Federations : An Institutional Theory Perspective.” Ed by. Paul Downward. EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY. doi:10.1080/16184742.2021.2009897.
Vancouver
1.
De Bock T, Scheerder J, Theeboom M, De Clerck T, Constandt B, Willem A. Sport-for-all policies in sport federations : an institutional theory perspective. Downward P, editor. EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
T. De Bock, J. Scheerder, M. Theeboom, T. De Clerck, B. Constandt, and A. Willem, “Sport-for-all policies in sport federations : an institutional theory perspective,” EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY, 2022.
@article{8729698,
  abstract     = {{RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Sport-for-All encompasses efforts to make organised sport accessible for all people. Although Sport-for-All is integrated in sport federations’ missions, many organisations struggle to attain their Sport-for-All goals. In particular, the Sport-for-All logic of sport federations is challenged by several institutional trends. By applying an institutional theory perspective, our study explores to what extent and how sport federations respond to the trends challenging their Sport-for-All logic.

RESEARCH METHODS: To measure the response of sport federations, a newly developed questionnaire, based on the model of Greenwood et al. (2002). [Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 58–80.], was sent to all recognised Flemish sport federations (n = 70). In total, 53 sport federations participated in our study.

RESULTS AND FINDINGS: Our results revealed that 53% of the federations reported a high degree of response to the trends. Furthermore, a cluster analysis based on a quantitative application of Greenwood et al.’s (2002). [Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 58–80.] institutional model distinguished five clusters of federations. These clusters indicated differences in the response towards the trends of Sport-for-All. In particular, our study demonstrated that not only institutional pressure but also the preinstitutionalisation and theorisation stages are important stages to trigger the sport federations’ response.

IMPLICATIONS: Insights are provided into sport federations’ responses to the institutional trends of Sport-for-All informs sport federations and sport managers on how to adapt to the changing Sport-for-All landscape.}},
  author       = {{De Bock, Thomas and Scheerder, Jeroen and Theeboom, Marc and De Clerck, Tom and Constandt, Bram and Willem, Annick}},
  editor       = {{Downward, Paul}},
  issn         = {{1618-4742}},
  journal      = {{EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY}},
  keywords     = {{Sport-for-All,sport federations,cluster analysis,institutional theory,PARTICIPATION,CLUBS,ORGANIZATIONS,LOGICS,IMPLEMENTATION,RUGBY,WORK,ENTREPRENEURSHIP,CONSTRUCTION,ASSOCIATIONS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{23}},
  title        = {{Sport-for-all policies in sport federations : an institutional theory perspective}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2021.2009897}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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