Advanced search
1 file | 2.31 MB Add to list

Co-cultivation enhanced microbial protein production based on autotrophic nitrogen-fixing hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria

Xiaona Hu (UGent) , Peter Vandamme (UGent) and Nico Boon (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Autotrophic N2-fixing H2-oxidizing communities produced sustainable microbial protein as an alternative to food and feed based on the Haber-Bosch process. Their dynamics and complexity make it challenging to control the composition and evaluate the product safety. Based on the isolates from a previously enriched community and their metabolism, this research studied the potential of binary cocultures for the production of safe protein. Compared to the monocultures of the isolates from Xanthobacter variabilis, i.e. the only N2-fixing H2-oxidizing species in the study, 31% of the 72 cocultures containing X. variabilis and the other isolates were promoted regarding growth due to co-cultivation, while 6% and 63% of the cocultures were inhibited and slightly affected, respectively. For the coculture where the cell count of X. variabilis was improved by 11.4 +/- 3.5 times, its growth surpassed that of all monocultures and was high among the cocultures. Besides, the protein content, essential amino acid contents, and biomass yield of this coculture were 24 +/- 2%, 28 +/- 11% to 1.3 +/- 0.3 times, and 26 +/- 3% higher, respectively, than those of its X. variabilis monoculture. Compared to the mixed communities, the coculture had a similar biomass yield but superior protein quality. With the low predicted risk from bacterial toxins, the coculture had the potential for safe use and is currently the most suitable protein producer based on N2-fixing H2-oxidizing bacteria. In addition, the coculture independent of centrally synthesized Haber-Bosch nitrogen and its transportation had higher CO2 fixation potential than H2-oxidizing bacteria grown on HaberBosch nitrogen producing CO2, converted solar energy more efficiently than agriculture, and can benefit in situ storage of solar and wind power.
Keywords
Microbial protein, Nitrogen fixation, Hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria, Coculture, Bacterial toxins, ALCALIGENES-EUTROPHUS, COMMUNITY, GAS, ENUMERATION, SYNTROPHY, SEQUENCE, PLASMA, GROWTH, CARBON

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.31 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hu, Xiaona, et al. “Co-Cultivation Enhanced Microbial Protein Production Based on Autotrophic Nitrogen-Fixing Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria.” CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol. 429, 2022, doi:10.1016/j.cej.2021.132535.
APA
Hu, X., Vandamme, P., & Boon, N. (2022). Co-cultivation enhanced microbial protein production based on autotrophic nitrogen-fixing hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132535
Chicago author-date
Hu, Xiaona, Peter Vandamme, and Nico Boon. 2022. “Co-Cultivation Enhanced Microbial Protein Production Based on Autotrophic Nitrogen-Fixing Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria.” CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL 429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132535.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hu, Xiaona, Peter Vandamme, and Nico Boon. 2022. “Co-Cultivation Enhanced Microbial Protein Production Based on Autotrophic Nitrogen-Fixing Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria.” CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL 429. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2021.132535.
Vancouver
1.
Hu X, Vandamme P, Boon N. Co-cultivation enhanced microbial protein production based on autotrophic nitrogen-fixing hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL. 2022;429.
IEEE
[1]
X. Hu, P. Vandamme, and N. Boon, “Co-cultivation enhanced microbial protein production based on autotrophic nitrogen-fixing hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria,” CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol. 429, 2022.
@article{8728278,
  abstract     = {{Autotrophic N2-fixing H2-oxidizing communities produced sustainable microbial protein as an alternative to food and feed based on the Haber-Bosch process. Their dynamics and complexity make it challenging to control the composition and evaluate the product safety. Based on the isolates from a previously enriched community and their metabolism, this research studied the potential of binary cocultures for the production of safe protein. Compared to the monocultures of the isolates from Xanthobacter variabilis, i.e. the only N2-fixing H2-oxidizing species in the study, 31% of the 72 cocultures containing X. variabilis and the other isolates were promoted regarding growth due to co-cultivation, while 6% and 63% of the cocultures were inhibited and slightly affected, respectively. For the coculture where the cell count of X. variabilis was improved by 11.4 +/- 3.5 times, its growth surpassed that of all monocultures and was high among the cocultures. Besides, the protein content, essential amino acid contents, and biomass yield of this coculture were 24 +/- 2%, 28 +/- 11% to 1.3 +/- 0.3 times, and 26 +/- 3% higher, respectively, than those of its X. variabilis monoculture. Compared to the mixed communities, the coculture had a similar biomass yield but superior protein quality. With the low predicted risk from bacterial toxins, the coculture had the potential for safe use and is currently the most suitable protein producer based on N2-fixing H2-oxidizing bacteria. In addition, the coculture independent of centrally synthesized Haber-Bosch nitrogen and its transportation had higher CO2 fixation potential than H2-oxidizing bacteria grown on HaberBosch nitrogen producing CO2, converted solar energy more efficiently than agriculture, and can benefit in situ storage of solar and wind power.}},
  articleno    = {{132535}},
  author       = {{Hu, Xiaona and Vandamme, Peter and Boon, Nico}},
  issn         = {{1385-8947}},
  journal      = {{CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL}},
  keywords     = {{Microbial protein,Nitrogen fixation,Hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria,Coculture,Bacterial toxins,ALCALIGENES-EUTROPHUS,COMMUNITY,GAS,ENUMERATION,SYNTROPHY,SEQUENCE,PLASMA,GROWTH,CARBON}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{10}},
  title        = {{Co-cultivation enhanced microbial protein production based on autotrophic nitrogen-fixing hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132535}},
  volume       = {{429}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: