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Transparency in the field of deep sea mining : filtering the murky waters

Klaas Willaert (UGent)
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Abstract
Taking into account the status of the Area and its mineral resources as the common heritage of mankind, transparency in the governance of the deep seabed should be regarded as a priority. Indeed, since everyone can essentially be considered an interested party, the general public should be provided with sufficient information on the activities conducted in the Area and the entities involved. However, despite the efforts being undertaken to promote access to relevant data and information, several issues remain unaddressed. Public information on corporate structures and partnerships of applicants and contractors, underlying agreements with sponsoring states, ISA contracts and annual reports – enabling stakeholders to scrutinize deep sea mining operations in the Area – is relatively scarce, facilitating creative solutions to circumvent the applicable rules. While identifying the various legal issues concerning transparency in the field of deep sea mining, this article argues that enhanced disclosure of environmental data and information alone does not suffice, and encourages the International Seabed Authority to step up its efforts in order to eradicate murky practices in the deep sea mining industry.
Keywords
law of the sea, the Area, International Seabed Authority, deep sea mining, transparency

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Willaert, Klaas. “Transparency in the Field of Deep Sea Mining : Filtering the Murky Waters.” MARINE POLICY, vol. 135, 2022, doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104840.
APA
Willaert, K. (2022). Transparency in the field of deep sea mining : filtering the murky waters. MARINE POLICY, 135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104840
Chicago author-date
Willaert, Klaas. 2022. “Transparency in the Field of Deep Sea Mining : Filtering the Murky Waters.” MARINE POLICY 135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104840.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Willaert, Klaas. 2022. “Transparency in the Field of Deep Sea Mining : Filtering the Murky Waters.” MARINE POLICY 135. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104840.
Vancouver
1.
Willaert K. Transparency in the field of deep sea mining : filtering the murky waters. MARINE POLICY. 2022;135.
IEEE
[1]
K. Willaert, “Transparency in the field of deep sea mining : filtering the murky waters,” MARINE POLICY, vol. 135, 2022.
@article{8725597,
  abstract     = {{Taking into account the status of the Area and its mineral resources as the common heritage of mankind, transparency in the governance of the deep seabed should be regarded as a priority. Indeed, since everyone can essentially be considered an interested party, the general public should be provided with sufficient information on the activities conducted in the Area and the entities involved. However, despite the efforts being undertaken to promote access to relevant data and information, several issues remain unaddressed. Public information on corporate structures and partnerships of applicants and contractors, underlying agreements with sponsoring states, ISA contracts and annual reports – enabling stakeholders to scrutinize deep sea mining operations in the Area – is relatively scarce, facilitating creative solutions to circumvent the applicable rules. While identifying the various legal issues concerning transparency in the field of deep sea mining, this article argues that enhanced disclosure of environmental data and information alone does not suffice, and encourages the International Seabed Authority to step up its efforts in order to eradicate murky practices in the deep sea mining industry.}},
  articleno    = {{104840}},
  author       = {{Willaert, Klaas}},
  issn         = {{0308-597X}},
  journal      = {{MARINE POLICY}},
  keywords     = {{law of the sea,the Area,International Seabed Authority,deep sea mining,transparency}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  title        = {{Transparency in the field of deep sea mining : filtering the murky waters}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104840}},
  volume       = {{135}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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