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Little effect of tree species richness on within- and between-plot variability in soil chemical properties in a young plantation forest

Els Dhiedt (UGent) , Lander Baeten (UGent) , Pallieter De Smedt (UGent) and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
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Abstract
Trees impact the chemical properties of the soil in which they grow. When planting forests, the choice of tree species and species combinations is thus expected to partly determine the spatial variation in soil properties, even in the early stages of forest development. We made use of a biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiment in Belgium, FORBIO (FORest BIOdiversity and Ecosystem Functioning). The studied site is situated on former agricultural land on loamy sandy soil and replicates tree species richness (1–4 species) and composition. Soil samples (0–10 cm) were taken at five locations in 1, 2 and 4 species plots. We measured the total C and N concentration, the Olsen P, the pH-H2O and the available Ca, Mg and K concentration. We hypothesised that the within-plot spatial variability would increase with species richness and that the between-plot variability would decrease with species richness. We found little evidence to support our hypothesis. We only found a smaller within-plot variability in monocultures than mixtures for Ca, pH and C:N. Potential reasons for the little evidence for the effect of tree species richness may include the fact that the forest is only 9 years old, the agricultural land-use history and the soil texture. Further research in sites with different soil properties or different land-use history is needed to generalise these results.
Keywords
afforestation, base cations, carbon, FORBIO, forest soil chemistry, Olsen phosphorus, pH, TreeDivNet, tree species diversity, ORGANIC-MATTER, LAND-USE, DIVERSITY, HETEROGENEITY, CARBON, AFFORESTATION, MECHANISMS, PATTERNS, IDENTITY, STOCKS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Dhiedt, Els, et al. “Little Effect of Tree Species Richness on Within- and between-Plot Variability in Soil Chemical Properties in a Young Plantation Forest.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE, vol. 73, no. 1, 2022, doi:10.1111/ejss.13164.
APA
Dhiedt, E., Baeten, L., De Smedt, P., & Verheyen, K. (2022). Little effect of tree species richness on within- and between-plot variability in soil chemical properties in a young plantation forest. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE, 73(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13164
Chicago author-date
Dhiedt, Els, Lander Baeten, Pallieter De Smedt, and Kris Verheyen. 2022. “Little Effect of Tree Species Richness on Within- and between-Plot Variability in Soil Chemical Properties in a Young Plantation Forest.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE 73 (1). https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13164.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dhiedt, Els, Lander Baeten, Pallieter De Smedt, and Kris Verheyen. 2022. “Little Effect of Tree Species Richness on Within- and between-Plot Variability in Soil Chemical Properties in a Young Plantation Forest.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE 73 (1). doi:10.1111/ejss.13164.
Vancouver
1.
Dhiedt E, Baeten L, De Smedt P, Verheyen K. Little effect of tree species richness on within- and between-plot variability in soil chemical properties in a young plantation forest. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE. 2022;73(1).
IEEE
[1]
E. Dhiedt, L. Baeten, P. De Smedt, and K. Verheyen, “Little effect of tree species richness on within- and between-plot variability in soil chemical properties in a young plantation forest,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE, vol. 73, no. 1, 2022.
@article{8725024,
  abstract     = {{Trees impact the chemical properties of the soil in which they grow. When planting forests, the choice of tree species and species combinations is thus expected to partly determine the spatial variation in soil properties, even in the early stages of forest development. We made use of a biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiment in Belgium, FORBIO (FORest BIOdiversity and Ecosystem Functioning). The studied site is situated on former agricultural land on loamy sandy soil and replicates tree species richness (1–4 species) and composition. Soil samples (0–10 cm) were taken at five locations in 1, 2 and 4 species plots. We measured the total C and N concentration, the Olsen P, the pH-H2O and the available Ca, Mg and K concentration. We hypothesised that the within-plot spatial variability would increase with species richness and that the between-plot variability would decrease with species richness. We found little evidence to support our hypothesis. We only found a smaller within-plot variability in monocultures than mixtures for Ca, pH and C:N. Potential reasons for the little evidence for the effect of tree species richness may include the fact that the forest is only 9 years old, the agricultural land-use history and the soil texture. Further research in sites with different soil properties or different land-use history is needed to generalise these results.}},
  articleno    = {{e13164}},
  author       = {{Dhiedt, Els and Baeten, Lander and De Smedt, Pallieter and Verheyen, Kris}},
  issn         = {{1351-0754}},
  journal      = {{EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{afforestation,base cations,carbon,FORBIO,forest soil chemistry,Olsen phosphorus,pH,TreeDivNet,tree species diversity,ORGANIC-MATTER,LAND-USE,DIVERSITY,HETEROGENEITY,CARBON,AFFORESTATION,MECHANISMS,PATTERNS,IDENTITY,STOCKS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{8}},
  title        = {{Little effect of tree species richness on within- and between-plot variability in soil chemical properties in a young plantation forest}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13164}},
  volume       = {{73}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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