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Postural balance problems in people with intellectual disabilities : do not forget the sensory input systems

Laura Leyssens (UGent) , Ruth Van Hecke (UGent) , Karlien Moons (UGent) , Sofie Luypaert (UGent) , Maya Danneels (UGent) , Julie Patru, Melina Willems and Leen Maes (UGent)
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Abstract
Background This pilot study aimed to explore the impact of visual, auditory and vestibular dysfunctions on the postural balance performance in adults with intellectual disabilities. Additionally, a comparison was made between the subjects with intellectual disabilities and a control group concerning static and dynamic balance tasks. Method Thirty adults with intellectual disabilities and 25 control subjects received a postural balance assessment. Additionally, the experimental group was subjected to a visual, auditory and vestibular screening. Results The experimental group performed significantly worse and/or showed more sway compared to the control group for all balance tasks (p < .01) except the timed up and go test. Within the experimental group, a significant positive correlation (r(s)(24) = 0.513, p = .007) was observed between the number of failed sensory screening items and the number of failed balance tasks. Conclusions These findings suggest significant involvement of peripheral sensorial deficits in the balance problems that people with intellectual disabilities often experience.
Keywords
auditory, gross motor performance, intellectual disability, postural balance, vestibular, visual, auditory, gross motor performance, intellectual disability, postural balance, vestibular, visual KeyWords Plus:DEVELOPMENTAL-DISABILITIES, MOTOR-PERFORMANCE, GAIT CAPACITIES, DOWN-SYNDROME, YOUNG-PEOPLE, ADULTS, MORTALITY, CHILDREN, POPULATION, HEARING

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MLA
Leyssens, Laura, et al. “Postural Balance Problems in People with Intellectual Disabilities : Do Not Forget the Sensory Input Systems.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, vol. 35, no. 1, 2022, pp. 280–94, doi:10.1111/jar.12948.
APA
Leyssens, L., Van Hecke, R., Moons, K., Luypaert, S., Danneels, M., Patru, J., … Maes, L. (2022). Postural balance problems in people with intellectual disabilities : do not forget the sensory input systems. JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, 35(1), 280–294. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12948
Chicago author-date
Leyssens, Laura, Ruth Van Hecke, Karlien Moons, Sofie Luypaert, Maya Danneels, Julie Patru, Melina Willems, and Leen Maes. 2022. “Postural Balance Problems in People with Intellectual Disabilities : Do Not Forget the Sensory Input Systems.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES 35 (1): 280–94. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12948.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Leyssens, Laura, Ruth Van Hecke, Karlien Moons, Sofie Luypaert, Maya Danneels, Julie Patru, Melina Willems, and Leen Maes. 2022. “Postural Balance Problems in People with Intellectual Disabilities : Do Not Forget the Sensory Input Systems.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES 35 (1): 280–294. doi:10.1111/jar.12948.
Vancouver
1.
Leyssens L, Van Hecke R, Moons K, Luypaert S, Danneels M, Patru J, et al. Postural balance problems in people with intellectual disabilities : do not forget the sensory input systems. JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES. 2022;35(1):280–94.
IEEE
[1]
L. Leyssens et al., “Postural balance problems in people with intellectual disabilities : do not forget the sensory input systems,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 280–294, 2022.
@article{8724831,
  abstract     = {{Background This pilot study aimed to explore the impact of visual, auditory and vestibular dysfunctions on the postural balance performance in adults with intellectual disabilities. Additionally, a comparison was made between the subjects with intellectual disabilities and a control group concerning static and dynamic balance tasks. Method Thirty adults with intellectual disabilities and 25 control subjects received a postural balance assessment. Additionally, the experimental group was subjected to a visual, auditory and vestibular screening. Results The experimental group performed significantly worse and/or showed more sway compared to the control group for all balance tasks (p < .01) except the timed up and go test. Within the experimental group, a significant positive correlation (r(s)(24) = 0.513, p = .007) was observed between the number of failed sensory screening items and the number of failed balance tasks. Conclusions These findings suggest significant involvement of peripheral sensorial deficits in the balance problems that people with intellectual disabilities often experience.}},
  author       = {{Leyssens, Laura and Van Hecke, Ruth and Moons, Karlien and Luypaert, Sofie and Danneels, Maya and Patru, Julie and Willems, Melina and Maes, Leen}},
  issn         = {{1360-2322}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES}},
  keywords     = {{auditory,gross motor performance,intellectual disability,postural balance,vestibular,visual,auditory,gross motor performance,intellectual disability,postural balance,vestibular,visual  KeyWords Plus:DEVELOPMENTAL-DISABILITIES,MOTOR-PERFORMANCE,GAIT CAPACITIES,DOWN-SYNDROME,YOUNG-PEOPLE,ADULTS,MORTALITY,CHILDREN,POPULATION,HEARING}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{280--294}},
  title        = {{Postural balance problems in people with intellectual disabilities : do not forget the sensory input systems}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12948}},
  volume       = {{35}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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