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Psychopathy and associated factors among newly admitted prisoners in correctional institution located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional study

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Abstract
Background: Psychopathy is an emerging health and behavioral problem worldwide. Psychopathy is linked to risk substance use, maltreatment, violence, crime, and reoffending, but little is known about psychopathy in low income countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence and factors associated with psychopathy among newly-admitted prisoners in Bench Sheko and West Omo zone correctional center, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 20 to July 19, 2019, among 411 (N=422) newly-admitted Bench Sheko and West Omo zone correctional center prisoners by using a consecutive sampling technique. A semi-structured and interviewer administered psychopathy checklist revised tool was used for screening psychopathy. WHO, ASSIST tool was used for screening risk use of khat, tobacco, and alcohol. Trauma, maltreatment, and social support were assessed with a life event checklist, adverse life experience screening tool, and Oslo social support scale, respectively. In addition, Criminal and clinical history of the prisoner was also assessed. The data was entered into Epi-data 3.1 and exported to Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 21 for statistical analysis. A logistic regression model was used. Variables with a p-value less than 0.05 in the final fitting model were declared as independent predictors of psychopathy. Results: The prevalence of psychopathy was 24.3%. Childhood maltreatment (AOR=6, 95% CI=2.2-17.5), risky khat use (AOR=4.6, 95% CI=2.4-8.7), poor social support (AOR=3.5, 95% CI=1.9-6.6), family history of imprisonment (AOR=3, 95% CI=1.5-6), history of trauma (AOR=2.3, 95% CI=1.1-4.8), and reoffending (AOR=2, 95% CI=1.1-3.8) were positively associated variables with psychopathy. Conclusion: Psychopathy is highly prevalent among newly-admitted prisoners. Integrated efforts involving relevant stakeholders are needed to design strategies for early screening of psychopathy to prevent reoffending, and management of risk substance use at admission is crucial.
Keywords
Psychiatry and Mental health, General Psychology, psychopathy, prisoners, crime, khat use, Ethiopia, PERSONALITY-DISORDER, OFFENDERS, PREVALENCE, VIOLENCE

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MLA
Wolde, Asrat, et al. “Psychopathy and Associated Factors among Newly Admitted Prisoners in Correctional Institution Located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT, vol. 14, 2021, pp. 261–73, doi:10.2147/prbm.s294013.
APA
Wolde, A., Tesfaye, Y., & Abyu, Y. Y. (2021). Psychopathy and associated factors among newly admitted prisoners in correctional institution located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional study. PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT, 14, 261–273. https://doi.org/10.2147/prbm.s294013
Chicago author-date
Wolde, Asrat, Yonas Tesfaye, and Yimenu Yitayih Abyu. 2021. “Psychopathy and Associated Factors among Newly Admitted Prisoners in Correctional Institution Located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT 14: 261–73. https://doi.org/10.2147/prbm.s294013.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Wolde, Asrat, Yonas Tesfaye, and Yimenu Yitayih Abyu. 2021. “Psychopathy and Associated Factors among Newly Admitted Prisoners in Correctional Institution Located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : A Cross-Sectional Study.” PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT 14: 261–273. doi:10.2147/prbm.s294013.
Vancouver
1.
Wolde A, Tesfaye Y, Abyu YY. Psychopathy and associated factors among newly admitted prisoners in correctional institution located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional study. PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT. 2021;14:261–73.
IEEE
[1]
A. Wolde, Y. Tesfaye, and Y. Y. Abyu, “Psychopathy and associated factors among newly admitted prisoners in correctional institution located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional study,” PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT, vol. 14, pp. 261–273, 2021.
@article{8724068,
  abstract     = {{Background: Psychopathy is an emerging health and behavioral problem worldwide. Psychopathy is linked to risk substance use, maltreatment, violence, crime, and reoffending, but little is known about psychopathy in low income countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence and factors associated with psychopathy among newly-admitted prisoners in Bench Sheko and West Omo zone correctional center, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 20 to July 19, 2019, among 411 (N=422) newly-admitted Bench Sheko and West Omo zone correctional center prisoners by using a consecutive sampling technique. A semi-structured and interviewer administered psychopathy checklist revised tool was used for screening psychopathy. WHO, ASSIST tool was used for screening risk use of khat, tobacco, and alcohol. Trauma, maltreatment, and social support were assessed with a life event checklist, adverse life experience screening tool, and Oslo social support scale, respectively. In addition, Criminal and clinical history of the prisoner was also assessed. The data was entered into Epi-data 3.1 and exported to Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 21 for statistical analysis. A logistic regression model was used. Variables with a p-value less than 0.05 in the final fitting model were declared as independent predictors of psychopathy.

Results: The prevalence of psychopathy was 24.3%. Childhood maltreatment (AOR=6, 95% CI=2.2-17.5), risky khat use (AOR=4.6, 95% CI=2.4-8.7), poor social support (AOR=3.5, 95% CI=1.9-6.6), family history of imprisonment (AOR=3, 95% CI=1.5-6), history of trauma (AOR=2.3, 95% CI=1.1-4.8), and reoffending (AOR=2, 95% CI=1.1-3.8) were positively associated variables with psychopathy.

Conclusion: Psychopathy is highly prevalent among newly-admitted prisoners. Integrated efforts involving relevant stakeholders are needed to design strategies for early screening of psychopathy to prevent reoffending, and management of risk substance use at admission is crucial.}},
  author       = {{Wolde, Asrat and Tesfaye, Yonas and Abyu, Yimenu Yitayih}},
  issn         = {{1179-1578}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH AND BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT}},
  keywords     = {{Psychiatry and Mental health,General Psychology,psychopathy,prisoners,crime,khat use,Ethiopia,PERSONALITY-DISORDER,OFFENDERS,PREVALENCE,VIOLENCE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{261--273}},
  title        = {{Psychopathy and associated factors among newly admitted prisoners in correctional institution located in Bench Sheko and West Omo Zone, South West Ethiopia : a cross-sectional study}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.2147/prbm.s294013}},
  volume       = {{14}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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