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Towards integrated pest and pollinator management in intensive pear cultivation : a case study from Belgium

(2021) INSECTS. 12(10).
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Abstract
Recently, the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) was further extended into Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management (IPPM). Implementation of IPPM strategies entails the combination of actions for pest and pollinator management providing complementary or synergistic benefits for yield and/or quality of the harvest. The aim of this study was to examine IPPM elements (i.e., mixed hedgerow, nesting boxes for mason bees, Osmia spp.) and demonstrate their impact in the practical context of modern commercial fruit cultivation in a 4-year case study in an intensive ‘Conference’ pear orchard. The outcomes of visual observations during transect walks and molecular analysis of pollen collected by mason bees, showed the importance of additional floral resources for the presence of mason bees and other pollinating insects in the orchard environment. Pear quality assessments indicated that insect-mediated pollination had a significant positive impact, with a tendency for higher quality pears in the close vicinity of Osmia nesting boxes. However, despite the fact that pear pollen was also detected in Osmia spp. nest cells, the amount and frequency of pear pollen collection for their nest built-up turned out to be rather low. In the same intensive pear orchard studied for pollination effects, we simultaneously demonstrate the impact of a mixed hedgerow to enhance integrated pest control.
Keywords
Insect pollination, biological control, Pyrus communis, Osmia spp., mason bees, mixed hedgerow, natural enemies, ecosystem services, APIS-MELLIFERA HYMENOPTERA, OSMIA-CORNUTA HYMENOPTERA, PYRUS-COMMUNIS L., APPLE ORCHARDS, FRUIT-SET, FORAGING BEHAVIOR, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, FLORAL RESOURCES, HONEY-BEES, MEGACHILIDAE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Belien, Tim, et al. “Towards Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management in Intensive Pear Cultivation : A Case Study from Belgium.” INSECTS, edited by Michelle T. Fountain and Ignazio Floris, vol. 12, no. 10, 2021, doi:10.3390/insects12100901.
APA
Belien, T., Raymaekers, S., Eeraerts, M., Mommaerts, V., Claus, G., Bogen, C., … Bylemans, D. (2021). Towards integrated pest and pollinator management in intensive pear cultivation : a case study from Belgium. INSECTS, 12(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100901
Chicago author-date
Belien, Tim, Stijn Raymaekers, Maxime Eeraerts, Veerle Mommaerts, Gregor Claus, Christian Bogen, Niels Piot, Guy Smagghe, Pieter Spanoghe, and Dany Bylemans. 2021. “Towards Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management in Intensive Pear Cultivation : A Case Study from Belgium.” Edited by Michelle T. Fountain and Ignazio Floris. INSECTS 12 (10). https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100901.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Belien, Tim, Stijn Raymaekers, Maxime Eeraerts, Veerle Mommaerts, Gregor Claus, Christian Bogen, Niels Piot, Guy Smagghe, Pieter Spanoghe, and Dany Bylemans. 2021. “Towards Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management in Intensive Pear Cultivation : A Case Study from Belgium.” Ed by. Michelle T. Fountain and Ignazio Floris. INSECTS 12 (10). doi:10.3390/insects12100901.
Vancouver
1.
Belien T, Raymaekers S, Eeraerts M, Mommaerts V, Claus G, Bogen C, et al. Towards integrated pest and pollinator management in intensive pear cultivation : a case study from Belgium. Fountain MT, Floris I, editors. INSECTS. 2021;12(10).
IEEE
[1]
T. Belien et al., “Towards integrated pest and pollinator management in intensive pear cultivation : a case study from Belgium,” INSECTS, vol. 12, no. 10, 2021.
@article{8723285,
  abstract     = {{Recently, the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) was further extended into Integrated Pest and Pollinator Management (IPPM). Implementation of IPPM strategies entails the combination of actions for pest and pollinator management providing complementary or synergistic benefits for yield and/or quality of the harvest. The aim of this study was to examine IPPM elements (i.e., mixed hedgerow, nesting boxes for mason bees, Osmia spp.) and demonstrate their impact in the practical context of modern commercial fruit cultivation in a 4-year case study in an intensive ‘Conference’ pear orchard. The outcomes of visual observations during transect walks and molecular analysis of pollen collected by mason bees, showed the importance of additional floral resources for the presence of mason bees and other pollinating insects in the orchard environment. Pear quality assessments indicated that insect-mediated pollination had a significant positive impact, with a tendency for higher quality pears in the close vicinity of Osmia nesting boxes. However, despite the fact that pear pollen was also detected in Osmia spp. nest cells, the amount and frequency of pear pollen collection for their nest built-up turned out to be rather low. In the same intensive pear orchard studied for pollination effects, we simultaneously demonstrate the impact of a mixed hedgerow to enhance integrated pest control.}},
  articleno    = {{901}},
  author       = {{Belien, Tim and Raymaekers, Stijn and Eeraerts, Maxime and Mommaerts, Veerle and Claus, Gregor and Bogen, Christian and Piot, Niels and Smagghe, Guy and Spanoghe, Pieter and Bylemans, Dany}},
  editor       = {{Fountain, Michelle T. and Floris, Ignazio}},
  issn         = {{2075-4450}},
  journal      = {{INSECTS}},
  keywords     = {{Insect pollination,biological control,Pyrus communis,Osmia spp.,mason bees,mixed hedgerow,natural enemies,ecosystem services,APIS-MELLIFERA HYMENOPTERA,OSMIA-CORNUTA HYMENOPTERA,PYRUS-COMMUNIS L.,APPLE ORCHARDS,FRUIT-SET,FORAGING BEHAVIOR,ECOSYSTEM SERVICES,FLORAL RESOURCES,HONEY-BEES,MEGACHILIDAE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{20}},
  title        = {{Towards integrated pest and pollinator management in intensive pear cultivation : a case study from Belgium}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.3390/insects12100901}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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