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Review on bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza : usual suspects in bovine respiratory disease : a narrative review

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Abstract
Bovine Respiratory Syncytial virus (BRSV) and Bovine Parainfluenza 3 virus (BPIV3) are closely related viruses involved in and both important pathogens within bovine respiratory disease (BRD), a major cause of morbidity with economic losses in cattle populations around the world. The two viruses share characteristics such as morphology and replication strategy with each other and with their counterparts in humans, HRSV and HPIV3. Therefore, BRSV and BPIV3 infections in cattle are considered useful animal models for HRSV and HPIV3 infections in humans. The interaction between the viruses and the different branches of the host's immune system is rather complex. Neutralizing antibodies seem to be a correlate of protection against severe disease, and cell-mediated immunity is thought to be essential for virus clearance following acute infection. On the other hand, the host's immune response considerably contributes to the tissue damage in the upper respiratory tract. BRSV and BPIV3 also have similar pathobiological and epidemiological features. Therefore, combination vaccines against both viruses are very common and a variety of traditional live attenuated and inactivated BRSV and BPIV3 vaccines are commercially available.
Keywords
LINKED-IMMUNOSORBENT-ASSAY, ANTIBODY-MEDIATED RESTRICTION, INFLUENZA, TYPE-3 VIRUS, VIRAL DIARRHEA VIRUS, T-CELL RESPONSES, TIME RT-PCR, MODIFIED-LIVE, IMMUNE-RESPONSE, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, G-PROTEIN, Bovine respiratory syncytial virus, BRSV, Bovine Parainfluenza, BPIV3, Bovine respiratory disease, BRD, Vaccines, Review

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MLA
Makoschey, Birgit, and Anna Catharina Berge. “Review on Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Bovine Parainfluenza : Usual Suspects in Bovine Respiratory Disease : A Narrative Review.” BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol. 17, no. 1, 2021, doi:10.1186/s12917-021-02935-5.
APA
Makoschey, B., & Berge, A. C. (2021). Review on bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza : usual suspects in bovine respiratory disease : a narrative review. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-021-02935-5
Chicago author-date
Makoschey, Birgit, and Anna Catharina Berge. 2021. “Review on Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Bovine Parainfluenza : Usual Suspects in Bovine Respiratory Disease : A Narrative Review.” BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-021-02935-5.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Makoschey, Birgit, and Anna Catharina Berge. 2021. “Review on Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Bovine Parainfluenza : Usual Suspects in Bovine Respiratory Disease : A Narrative Review.” BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 17 (1). doi:10.1186/s12917-021-02935-5.
Vancouver
1.
Makoschey B, Berge AC. Review on bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza : usual suspects in bovine respiratory disease : a narrative review. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2021;17(1).
IEEE
[1]
B. Makoschey and A. C. Berge, “Review on bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza : usual suspects in bovine respiratory disease : a narrative review,” BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol. 17, no. 1, 2021.
@article{8721353,
  abstract     = {{Bovine Respiratory Syncytial virus (BRSV) and Bovine Parainfluenza 3 virus (BPIV3) are closely related viruses involved in and both important pathogens within bovine respiratory disease (BRD), a major cause of morbidity with economic losses in cattle populations around the world. The two viruses share characteristics such as morphology and replication strategy with each other and with their counterparts in humans, HRSV and HPIV3. Therefore, BRSV and BPIV3 infections in cattle are considered useful animal models for HRSV and HPIV3 infections in humans. The interaction between the viruses and the different branches of the host's immune system is rather complex. Neutralizing antibodies seem to be a correlate of protection against severe disease, and cell-mediated immunity is thought to be essential for virus clearance following acute infection. On the other hand, the host's immune response considerably contributes to the tissue damage in the upper respiratory tract. BRSV and BPIV3 also have similar pathobiological and epidemiological features. Therefore, combination vaccines against both viruses are very common and a variety of traditional live attenuated and inactivated BRSV and BPIV3 vaccines are commercially available.}},
  articleno    = {{261}},
  author       = {{Makoschey, Birgit and Berge, Anna Catharina}},
  issn         = {{1746-6148}},
  journal      = {{BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{LINKED-IMMUNOSORBENT-ASSAY,ANTIBODY-MEDIATED RESTRICTION,INFLUENZA,TYPE-3 VIRUS,VIRAL DIARRHEA VIRUS,T-CELL RESPONSES,TIME RT-PCR,MODIFIED-LIVE,IMMUNE-RESPONSE,MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES,G-PROTEIN,Bovine respiratory syncytial virus,BRSV,Bovine Parainfluenza,BPIV3,Bovine respiratory disease,BRD,Vaccines,Review}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{Review on bovine respiratory syncytial virus and bovine parainfluenza : usual suspects in bovine respiratory disease : a narrative review}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-021-02935-5}},
  volume       = {{17}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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