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Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO regional climate models over Iran focusing on building material degradation criteria

(2021) BUILDINGS. 11(8).
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Abstract
Understanding how climate change affects material degradation is the first step in heritage conservation. To study such impact, high-resolution climate information is required. However, so far, no regional climate simulations have been evaluated considering building damage criteria over the region of Iran. This paper has a twofold objective: to conduct an overview of climate model performance over Iran by evaluating the output of two regional climate models, ALARO-0 and REMO2015, and to find an optimal approach for model evaluation fitted to studies on building physics. Data of the evaluation run for both models were compared with data of weather stations located in six different climate zones in Iran to assess their performance over the region and gain insight about model uncertainties. Given that the research scope covers the evaluation of climate models to use in studies on building physics, in addition to climate parameters, five degradation risks are analysed. The performance of the two models varies over the studied locations. In general, both models fall within the spread of observations except for wind parameters. Accordingly, indices related to temperature and precipitation are well predicted, in contrast to indices related to wind. The analysis shows that considering the observed biases, selecting an ensemble of representative models based on the evaluation results of climate variables important for hygrothermal simulations would be recommended.
Keywords
Building and Construction, Civil and Structural Engineering, Architecture, climate change, heritage, building damage criteria, regional climate model, ALARO-0, REMO2015, model evaluation, Iran, hygrothermal simulations, model evaluation

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Citation

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MLA
Hedayatnia, Hamed, et al. “Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO Regional Climate Models over Iran Focusing on Building Material Degradation Criteria.” BUILDINGS, vol. 11, no. 8, 2021, p. 376, doi:10.3390/buildings11080376.
APA
Hedayatnia, H., Top, S., Caluwaerts, S., Kotova, L., Steeman, M., & Van Den Bossche, N. (2021). Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO regional climate models over Iran focusing on building material degradation criteria. BUILDINGS, 11(8), 376. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080376
Chicago author-date
Hedayatnia, Hamed, Sara Top, Steven Caluwaerts, Lola Kotova, Marijke Steeman, and Nathan Van Den Bossche. 2021. “Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO Regional Climate Models over Iran Focusing on Building Material Degradation Criteria.” BUILDINGS 11 (8): 376. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080376.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hedayatnia, Hamed, Sara Top, Steven Caluwaerts, Lola Kotova, Marijke Steeman, and Nathan Van Den Bossche. 2021. “Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO Regional Climate Models over Iran Focusing on Building Material Degradation Criteria.” BUILDINGS 11 (8): 376. doi:10.3390/buildings11080376.
Vancouver
1.
Hedayatnia H, Top S, Caluwaerts S, Kotova L, Steeman M, Van Den Bossche N. Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO regional climate models over Iran focusing on building material degradation criteria. BUILDINGS. 2021;11(8):376.
IEEE
[1]
H. Hedayatnia, S. Top, S. Caluwaerts, L. Kotova, M. Steeman, and N. Van Den Bossche, “Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO regional climate models over Iran focusing on building material degradation criteria,” BUILDINGS, vol. 11, no. 8, p. 376, 2021.
@article{8719774,
  abstract     = {{Understanding how climate change affects material degradation is the first step in heritage conservation. To study such impact, high-resolution climate information is required. However, so far, no regional climate simulations have been evaluated considering building damage criteria over the region of Iran. This paper has a twofold objective: to conduct an overview of climate model performance over Iran by evaluating the output of two regional climate models, ALARO-0 and REMO2015, and to find an optimal approach for model evaluation fitted to studies on building physics. Data of the evaluation run for both models were compared with data of weather stations located in six different climate zones in Iran to assess their performance over the region and gain insight about model uncertainties. Given that the research scope covers the evaluation of climate models to use in studies on building physics, in addition to climate parameters, five degradation risks are analysed. The performance of the two models varies over the studied locations. In general, both models fall within the spread of observations except for wind parameters. Accordingly, indices related to temperature and precipitation are well predicted, in contrast to indices related to wind. The analysis shows that considering the observed biases, selecting an ensemble of representative models based on the evaluation results of climate variables important for hygrothermal simulations would be recommended.}},
  articleno    = {{376}},
  author       = {{Hedayatnia, Hamed and Top, Sara and Caluwaerts, Steven and Kotova, Lola and Steeman, Marijke and Van Den Bossche, Nathan}},
  issn         = {{2075-5309}},
  journal      = {{BUILDINGS}},
  keywords     = {{Building and Construction,Civil and Structural Engineering,Architecture,climate change,heritage,building damage criteria,regional climate model,ALARO-0,REMO2015,model evaluation,Iran,hygrothermal simulations,model evaluation}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{8}},
  pages        = {{29}},
  title        = {{Evaluation of ALARO-0 and REMO regional climate models over Iran focusing on building material degradation criteria}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/buildings11080376}},
  volume       = {{11}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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