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Abstract
In the Industry 4.0 area, there is an increasing demand for highly customized products in small batch sizes. Final assembly operations are frequently targeted to embed flexibility and compensate for the growing manufacturing uncertainties. Therefore, an adequately designed and operated flexible assembly workstation is crucial. Converting the flexibility needs into design and operational decisions requires versatile formal models delivering generic descriptions of needs and capacities. Skills form the central connector between products, processes and resources. Here, a skill-centered model for describing resource activities, the related production needs and flexibility impacts is introduced. The model fits both plug and produce and design optimization settings and goes beyond current skill-based modelling by offering a framework which, by design, does not limit the applications and easily adapts to the desired level of detail. One key strength is its ability to combine abstract and executable skills. Next to the product-action skills, also assistive skills related to operator support, parts storing, ergonomics etc. can be easily modelled. The use of the model is illustrated by an example based on an industrial use case from Flemish industry.
Keywords
Assembly workstation flexibility, Skill-based engineering, Resource modelling

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MLA
Van De Ginste, Lauren, et al. “A Formal Skill Model Facilitating the Design and Operation of Flexible Assembly Workstations.” Advances in Production Management Systems, Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable and Resilient Production Systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, Proceedings, Part v, edited by Alexandre Dolgui et al., vol. 634, Springer, 2021, pp. 108–16, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-85914-5_12.
APA
Van De Ginste, L., De Cock, A., Van Alboom, A., Singh, Y., Aghezzaf, E.-H., & Cottyn, J. (2021). A formal skill model facilitating the design and operation of flexible assembly workstations. In A. Dolgui, A. Bernard, D. Lemoine, G. von Cieminski, & D. Romero (Eds.), Advances in production management systems, artificial intelligence for sustainable and resilient production systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, proceedings, part v (Vol. 634, pp. 108–116). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85914-5_12
Chicago author-date
Van De Ginste, Lauren, Alexander De Cock, Axl Van Alboom, Yogang Singh, El-Houssaine Aghezzaf, and Johannes Cottyn. 2021. “A Formal Skill Model Facilitating the Design and Operation of Flexible Assembly Workstations.” In Advances in Production Management Systems, Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable and Resilient Production Systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, Proceedings, Part v, edited by Alexandre Dolgui, Alain Bernard, David Lemoine, Gregor von Cieminski, and David Romero, 634:108–16. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85914-5_12.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van De Ginste, Lauren, Alexander De Cock, Axl Van Alboom, Yogang Singh, El-Houssaine Aghezzaf, and Johannes Cottyn. 2021. “A Formal Skill Model Facilitating the Design and Operation of Flexible Assembly Workstations.” In Advances in Production Management Systems, Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable and Resilient Production Systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, Proceedings, Part v, ed by. Alexandre Dolgui, Alain Bernard, David Lemoine, Gregor von Cieminski, and David Romero, 634:108–116. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-85914-5_12.
Vancouver
1.
Van De Ginste L, De Cock A, Van Alboom A, Singh Y, Aghezzaf E-H, Cottyn J. A formal skill model facilitating the design and operation of flexible assembly workstations. In: Dolgui A, Bernard A, Lemoine D, von Cieminski G, Romero D, editors. Advances in production management systems, artificial intelligence for sustainable and resilient production systems, IFIP WG 57 International Conference, APMS 2021, proceedings, part v. Springer; 2021. p. 108–16.
IEEE
[1]
L. Van De Ginste, A. De Cock, A. Van Alboom, Y. Singh, E.-H. Aghezzaf, and J. Cottyn, “A formal skill model facilitating the design and operation of flexible assembly workstations,” in Advances in production management systems, artificial intelligence for sustainable and resilient production systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, proceedings, part v, Nantes, France, 2021, vol. 634, pp. 108–116.
@inproceedings{8719358,
  abstract     = {{In the Industry 4.0 area, there is an increasing demand for highly customized products in small batch sizes. Final assembly operations are frequently targeted to embed flexibility and compensate for the growing manufacturing uncertainties. Therefore, an adequately designed and operated flexible assembly workstation is crucial. Converting the flexibility needs into design and operational decisions requires versatile formal models delivering generic descriptions of needs and capacities. Skills form the central connector between products, processes and resources. Here, a skill-centered model for describing resource activities, the related production needs and flexibility impacts is introduced. The
model fits both plug and produce and design optimization settings and goes beyond current skill-based modelling by offering a framework which, by design, does not limit the applications and easily adapts to the desired level of detail. One key strength is its ability to combine abstract and executable skills. Next to the product-action skills, also assistive skills related to operator support, parts storing, ergonomics etc. can be easily modelled. The use of the model is illustrated by an example based on an industrial use case from Flemish industry.}},
  author       = {{Van De Ginste, Lauren and De Cock, Alexander and Van Alboom, Axl and Singh, Yogang and Aghezzaf, El-Houssaine and Cottyn, Johannes}},
  booktitle    = {{Advances in production management systems, artificial intelligence for sustainable and resilient production systems, IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, proceedings, part v}},
  editor       = {{Dolgui, Alexandre and Bernard, Alain and Lemoine, David and von Cieminski, Gregor and Romero, David}},
  isbn         = {{9783030859138}},
  issn         = {{1868-4238}},
  keywords     = {{Assembly workstation flexibility,Skill-based engineering,Resource modelling}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Nantes, France}},
  pages        = {{108--116}},
  publisher    = {{Springer}},
  title        = {{A formal skill model facilitating the design and operation of flexible assembly workstations}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-85914-5_12}},
  volume       = {{634}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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